Helena Araújo in 1992.
20 January 1934|
Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
|Died||2 February 2015(aged 81)|
|Occupation||literary critic, professor|
|Genre||novel, short story|
|Subject||feminism, women studies|
|Notable awards||Platero Award
1984 Post-nadaístas colombianas
|Spouse||Pierre Albrecht de Martini (deceased)|
|Relatives||Alfonso Araújo Gaviria (father)|
Helena Araújo Ortiz (20 January 1934 – 2 February 2015) was a writer and an international professor of Latin American literature and women's studies. Her works of literary criticism have appeared in various Latin American and European literary journals.
Helena was born on 20 January 1934 in Bogotá, D.C., Colombia, the second of four children to Alfonso Araújo Gaviria and Emma Ortiz Márquez. She married Pierre Albrecht de Martini with whom she had four daughters: Priscilla, Gisèle, Nicole and Jocelyne. She spent her childhood and adolescence between Colombia and Venezuela, Brazil, and the United States where her father was stationed as a diplomat; she attended her high school senior year at Immaculata High School, in Washington, D.C. (1948-1949) graduating at the age of 15. She continued her education with studies in literature at the University of Maryland (1949-1950). Back in Colombia she pursued studies in literature and philosophy at the National University of Colombia until 1951 when she got married. In 1971 she and her daughters moved to Switzerland where shortly thereafter she became a widow and where she has remained ever since. She continued her education in literature and philosophy at the University of Geneva and the University of Lausanne. She currently resides in Lausanne.
She has published numerous literary criticism articles, several fiction books, multiple short stories and essays. She has been translated from Spanish into English, French, Italian and German. She has taught Latin American culture and literature at the Popular University of Lausanne, Switzerland (1994-2002) and has presented numerous seminars and courses internationally about Latin American women writers.
She is the recipient of literary prizes including the 1984 Platero Award by the Spanish Book Club of the United Nations in Geneva for her essay Post-nadaístas colombianas. In 2005 Lausanne District and the Embassy of Colombia in Switzerland gave tribute to Araújo for her work in literature. In 2009 Araújo was honoured during the VI Gathering of Colombian Women Writers; El Tiempo published a short memoir that was presented during the tribute.
- Araújo, Helena (1970). La"M" de las Moscas (short story anthology) (in Spanish). Bogotá: Tercer Mundo. OCLC 1968681.
- — (1976). Signos y Mensajes (literary criticism) (in Spanish). Bogotá: Colombia, Institute of Culture. OCLC 2735167.
- — (1981). Fiesta en Teusaquillo (novel) (in Spanish). Bogotá: Plaza & Janés. OCLC 8069072.
- — (1989). La Scherezada Criolla (literary criticism) (in Spanish). Bogotá: National University of Colombia. ISBN 9789581700479. OCLC 20452454.
- —; et al. (2003). Ardores y Furores (short story anthology) (in Spanish). Bogotá: Planeta. ISBN 9789584205650. OCLC 53047777.
- — (2007). Las Cuitas de Carlota (novel) (in Spanish). Medellín: Hombre Nuevo. ISBN 9588245427. OCLC 243824310.
- — (2009). Esposa Fugada y Otros Cuentos Viajeros (short story anthology) (in Spanish). Medellín: Hombre Nuevo. ISBN 9588245656. OCLC 456670106.
- Arciniegas, Germán, ed. (1988). "Siete Novelistas Colombianas". Manual de Literatura Colombiana (essay anthology) (in Spanish). Bogotá: Procultura & Planeta. ISBN 9586142655. OCLC 18907822.
- Ortega, Julio, ed. (2003). "Sobre Las Marquecianas". Gaborio: Artes De Releer a Gabriel García Márquez (essay anthology) (in Spanish). Mexico City: Jorale. pp. 227–238. ISBN 9789685863001. OCLC 56087816.
- Correas Leal, Celia, ed. (2003). "Asthmatic". Short Stories by Latin American Women: The Magic And The Real (short story anthology). foreword by Isabel Allende. New York City: Modern Library. ISBN 9780812967074. OCLC 50272789.
- Araújo, Helena; Ivinson, Gabrielle; Deliyanni, Kiki; Arnot, Madeline (May 2000). "Changing femininity, changing concepts of citizenship in public and private spheres". European Journal of Women's Studies. Sage. 7 (2): 149–168. doi:10.1177/135050680000700202.
- Falleció la escritora colombiana Helena Araújo (in Spanish)
- Restrepo Sáenz, José María; Rivas, Raimundo; Restrepo Posada, José (2000). Genealogías de Santa Fe de Bogotá (in Spanish). 6. Bogotá: Editorial Presencia. p. 280. OCLC 28546996. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
- Encyclopedia of Latin American and Caribbean Literature
- Dufey, Alberto (1 July 2004). "Los primeros ganadores del Platero recuerdan" [The first winners of the Platero remember] (in Spanish). Bern: SRG SSR. Swissinfo. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- Homenaje por la Embajada de Colombia. De Papaya, 2005
- Gallón Salazar, Angélica (13 May 2009). "Se inició el VI Encuentro de Escritoras Colombianas". El Espectador (in Spanish). Bogotá. ISSN 0122-2856. OCLC 436626557.
- El Tiempo - Helena Araújo
- Pérez Sastre, Paloma; Giraldo Gómez; Claudia Ivonne (3 December 2005). "Helena Araújo" (review). Semana (in Spanish). Bogotá (1224). ISSN 0124-5473. OCLC 7475329.
- Páez Escobar, Gustavo (1990). "El Exilio Voluntario de Helena Araújo" (article). El Espectador (in Spanish). Bogotá. ISSN 0122-2856. OCLC 436626557.
- Ramírez, Dora Cecilia (1989). "La Scherezada Criolla". Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico (in Spanish). Bogotá: Luis Ángel Arango Library. 36 (21). ISSN 0006-6184. OCLC 1519108. Archived from the original (lay summary) on 2013-01-12.
- Giraldo Gómez, Claudia Ivonne (29 October 2006). "Se Escuchan Las Cuitas de Carlota" (lay summary). El Colombiano (in Spanish). Medellín. ISSN 0122-0802. OCLC 37847519.
- Sánchez, María Clemencia (2011). "Exilio: Entrevista a Helena Araújo" (interview). Lingüística y Literatura (in Spanish). Medellín: University of Antioquia (60): 245–254. ISSN 0120-5587. OCLC 5285172.
- Vanegas Athias, Beatriz (December 29, 2012). "Una no nace mujer". El Meridiano de Sucre (in Spanish).