This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: too many works listed (November 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Helena Hernmarck (born in Stockholm, Sweden, 1941) is a Swedish tapestry artist who lives and works in the United States. She is best known for her monumental tapestries designed for architectural settings.
Early life and education
Hernmark's parents were Carl Hernmarck, curator of decorative arts at the Swedish National Museum of Fine Arts, and Kerstin Simon, a journalist. Her uncle was the Swedish modernist architect Sven Markelius, one of five authors of the modernist manifesto, Acceptera, published in 1931. Hernmarck studied weaving in Stockholm, first at the Swedish Association of Friends of the Textile Arts, and later at Sweden’s University College of Arts, Crafts and Design. Her primary teacher was Swedish textile artist Edna Martin. She apprenticed with textile designer Alice Lund.
Hernmarck moved to Canada in 1964 and to England in 1972 before moving to New York in 1975, where she joined industrial designer Niels Diffrient, whom she married in 1976. She participated in the Lausanne Biennales of 1965, 1967, and 1969, received a solo exhibition at MoMA in 1973, and a second solo exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in 1974. In 1973, she received the American Institute of Architects Craftsmanship Medal.
Hernmarck began producing monumental tapestries for corporate settings in the late 1960s, eventually working with architects such as Philip Johnson, I.M. Pei and Partners, Skidmore Owings and Merrill (SOM), George Nelson, Ulrich Franzen, Hugh Stubbins, John Carl Warnecke, Kevin Roche, and others. One of her earliest commissions was for the executive offices of the Weyerhaeuser Company in Seattle, Washington (1970–71) and one of her later commissions was for the Time Warner Center in New York. In 1999, Hernmarck had a major retrospective exhibition at the Museum at the Fashion Institute of Technology, "Monumental and Intimate," which traveled to Waldemarsudde in Stockholm, Sweden later that year. She participated in the “Sourcing the Museum” exhibition at the Textile Museum in Washington, D.C. in 2012. Her work is held in private, corporate, and museum collections such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Chicago Institute of Art, and the Minneapolis Institute of Art. Hernmarck works at her studio in Connecticut.
Hernmarck was among the first tapestry artists to use photographs as the basis for her designs, which rely on optical illusions to create photorealistic effects. Her work in the 1960s reflected the influence of pop culture with tapestries such as Newspapers (1968) woven from a composition of newspaper clippings and Little Richard (1969) simulating a 7 by 8 foot album cover. In the 1970s, Hernmarck began working from enlarged color photographs, rendering the effects of light on water in tapestries such as Sailing (1976), which was produced for the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston. Her 1990 Urn, a tromp l'oeil tapestry made for Philip Johnson’s Peachtree Tower in Atlanta, Georgia, replicates elements of the surrounding architecture. Hernmarck has also used paper collages, watercolors, and photographic details as the basis for her designs. Hernmarck’s technique differs from traditional gobelin tapestry weaving in that it uses texture, color, and value contrast to establish line, rather than sharp lines and patterns. Before each major commission, Hernmarck works with Wålstedts mill in Dala-Floda, Sweden to spin and dye yarn. Some of Hernmarck's tapestries are woven, with assistants, at her studio in Connecticut and some are subcontracted to Alice Lund’s Textile Studio in Dalarna, Sweden.
Selected solo exhibitions
- Museum of Modern Art, New York City, 1973
- Los Angeles Country Museum of Art, 1974
- The Danish Museum of Decorative Arts, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1977
- American Swedish Historical Museum, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1990
- LongHouse Foundation, East Hampton, New York, 1997
- Museum at the Fashion Institute of Technology, New York City 1999
- Prins Eugens Waldemarsudde Museum, Stockholm, Sweden 1999
- Zornsamlingarna, Mora, Sweden, 2001
- American Swedish Institute, Minneapolis, MN 2012
Selected group exhibitions
Liljvalchs Gallery, Stockholm, Sweden “Form Fantasi”, 1964
Musee Cantonal des Beaux-Arts, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1965
"The 2nd, 3rd and 4th International Tapestry Biennales”, 1967 & 1969
Victoria & Albert Museum, London, England, “The Craftsman's Art", 1973
The National Museum, Stockholm, Sweden "Tre Temperament i Vav", 1976
American Craft Museum, New York City, "Craft Today: The Poetry of the Physical", 1986–88, “Architectural Art Affirming the Design Relationship”, 1988
Washington University Gallery of Art in Conjunction with Craft Alliance, St. Louis "Tales and Traditions, Storytelling in 20th Century American Craft, 1993
American Textile History Museum, Lowell, Mass. “Generations/Transformations American Fiber Art”, 2003
Textile Museum, Washington DC, “Sourcing the Museum”, 2012
Selected corporate commissions
Weyerhaeuser Company, Tacoma, Washington, 1970–71
Case Western Reserve University Law School, Cleveland, Ohio, 1971
Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 1973 and 1975
John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Company, Boston, Massachusetts, 1973–75
Federal Reserve Bank, Boston, Massachusetts, 1976
Cecil H. Green Library, Stanford University, Stanford, California, 1979
Pitney Bowes, Stamford, Connecticut, 1984
Kellogg's Company, Battle Creek, Michigan, 1986
PepsiCo, Inc., Purchase, New York, 1990
Main Post Office, Stockholm, Sweden 1995
Time Warner Center, One Central Park Lobby, New York, NY 2003-2006
Purdue University, School of Visual and Performance Art, Indiana 2010
The Margaret A. Cargill Foundation, Eden Prairie, MN 2011
The American Swedish Institute, Minneapolis, MN 2006 and 2012
Awards and recognition
- American Institute of Architects Craftsmanship Medal, 1973
- American Craft Council, College of Fellows, 1996
- Connecticut Commission on the Arts, Governor’s Arts Award, 1998
- Sweden’s Prins Eugen Medal, 1999
- Swedish American of the Year, 2000
- Sophie Adlersparres Medalj, 2002
The National Museum, Stockholm, Sweden; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California; Museum of Modern Art, New York City; The Museum of Art and Design (MAD), New York City; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City; The Rohss' Museum of Arts & Crafts, Gothenburg, Sweden; The Art Institute, Chicago, Illinois; The Minneapolis Institute of Art, Minneapolis, Minnesota; The Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island; Renwick Gallery of the National Museum of American Art, Washington, DC; Musee des Arts Decoratifs de Montreal, Quebec, Canada; The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio; Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Michigan; Dalarnas Museum, Falun, Sweden
- Constantine, M., & Larsen, J. L. (1973). Beyond craft: the art fabric. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.
- Hernmarck, H., Boman, M., Malarcher, P., Brummer, H. H., & Dunlap, R. (1999). Helena Hernmarck: Tapestry artist. Stockholm: Byggförlaget. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
- Koplos, Janet, & Metcalf, Bruce (2010). Makers: A History of American Studio Craft. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.
- McFadden, D. R., Cooper-Hewitt Museum., Minnesota Museum of Art., & Renwick Gallery. (1982). Scandinavian Modern Design, 1880-1980. New York: Abrams.
- Constantine, Mildred; Larsen, Jack Lenor (1981). The Art Fabric: Mainstream. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company. pp. 210–211, 262. ISBN 9780442216382.
- Hernmarck, Helena; Boman, Monica; Malarcher, Patricia; Brummer, Hans Henrik; Dunlap, Robert (1999). Helena Hernmarck: Tapestry Artist. Seattle: University of Washington Press. pp. 123–124. ISBN 9789179881726.
- "Helena Hernmarck, "Swedish-American of the Year" : The Vasa Order elects renowned textile artist for year 2000". Vestkusten: 1, 3. May 1, 2000.
- Busch, Akiko (June 2000). "One Stitch at a Time". Metropolis: 98–103, 158.
- Patterson, Sunita (Summer 2003). "Generations/Transformations". Fiberarts: 39–47.
- Scheinman, Pamela (June 1988). "Dialogue with Architecture: Helena Hernmarck". American Craft: 48–51.
- Koplos, Janet; Metcalf, Bruce (2010). Makers: A History of American Studio Craft. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. pp. 354–355. ISBN 9780807895832.
- Freudenheim, Betty (March 3, 1988). "Tapestries to Warm Up Modern Buildings". New York Times.
- Slavin, Maeve (July 1981). "Corporate Artist Spotlight". Interiors: 52–55.
- Cohen, Edie (March 2006). "A Weave for All Seasons". Interior Design: 120–122.
- Wortmann Weltge, Sigrid (December 1999). "Helena Hernmarck". American Craft Magazine: 39.
- Pepich, Bruce (Winter 2013). "Mining for Gold in Museum Collections". Surface Design Journal: 40–45.
- McFadden, David Revere (1982). Scandinavian Modern Design 1880-1980. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. p. 192. ISBN 9780810916432.
- Zelinsky, Marilyn (April 1992). "A Corporate Yarn". Interiors: 24.
- Knowles, Lawrence (January 2000). "Found in Translation: The Life and Art of Helena Hernmarck". FiberArts Magazine: 30.
- McCann, Kathleen (January 1991). "A Room of One's Own". FiberArts: 46.