In 1913 she became pair skating World Champion with her skating partner Karl Mejstrik. At this time she was just 15 years old, and is still the youngest ever world champion in the pair event.
Engelmann also won World titles in 1922 and 1924 with partner Alfred Berger. They became Olympic champions in 1924. Engelmann did not compete in the European championships, as her father did, because the pair event was not established until 1930.