Helensville (New Zealand electorate)

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Helensville electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Helensville is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. The electorate was first established for the 1978 election and was abolished again in 1984, and has existed again since the 2002 election. The current MP for Helensville is John Key, the former leader of the National Party and former Prime Minister of New Zealand.[1] He held this electorate from 2002-2017. As of April 14, John Key will no longer be the MP for Helensville.[2]

Population centres[edit]

The 1977 electoral redistribution was the most overtly political since the Representation Commission had been established through an amendment to the Representation Act in 1886, initiated by Muldoon's National Government.[3] As part of the 1976 census, a large number of people failed to fill out an electoral re-registration card, and census staff had not been given the authority to insist on the card being completed. This had little practical effect for people on the general roll, but it transferred Māori to the general roll if the card was not handed in. Together with a northward shift of New Zealand's population, this resulted in five new electorates having to be created in the upper part of the North Island.[4] The electoral redistribution was very disruptive, and 22 electorates were abolished, while 27 electorates were newly created (including Helensville) or re-established. These changes came into effect for the 1978 election.[5]

In the 1983 electoral redistribution, the Helensville electorate was abolished, and its area went to West Auckland and Rodney.[6] The electorate was re-established in time for the 2002 election in reaction to continued high population growth in and around Auckland. It was made by cutting off the northern flank of the electorate of Waitakere and adding in areas from the electorate of Rodney around its southern boundary.

Helensville covers an area of the rapidly growing northern Auckland urban fringe, drawing Helensville and Kumeu from Rodney District, moving south to take in Paremoremo, Greenhithe and Albany from North Shore City, and finally tacking west to include Whenuapai, Hobsonville and West Harbour from Waitakere City.

History[edit]

John Key's electorate office

In the 1978 election, the Helensville electorate was won by Dail Jones, who had been MP for the Waitemata electorate since 1975 election.[7] After the Helensville electorate was abolished, Jones stood in the West Auckland electorate in the 1984 election but was defeated by the Labour Party candidate, Jack Elder.[8]

Since the Helensville electorate was re-established for the 2002 election, its only MP has been the current Prime Minister, John Key, who beat sitting Waitakere MP Brian Neeson to the nomination, and in a tight year for his party, won the electorate by 1,705 votes in a split field when a disgruntled Neeson chose to stand as an independent. Helensville is partly rural, and wealthy beyond the national average, making it a safe National electorate, and the results in 2002 notwithstanding, Key was returned easily in 2005, 2008 and 2011 with large majorities.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 National    NZ First    Labour    ACT    Green  

Election Winner
1978 election Dail Jones
1981 election
Electorate abolished in 1984 (see West Auckland and Rodney)
2002 election John Key
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Helensville electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
2002 election Dail Jones
2008 election Darien Fenton
David Garrett1
2009 David Clendon2
2014 election Kennedy Graham

1 Garrett resigned in September 2010, and his list position was taken by Hilary Calvert
2 Clendon entered Parliament in October 2009 following the resignation of Sue Bradford

Election results[edit]

2014 election[edit]

General election, 2014: Helensville[9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY John Key 22,720 65.17 −9.21 20,689 58.39 −7.40
Green Kennedy Graham 4,433 12.72 +5.36 4,801 13.55 +4.91
Labour Corie Haddock 4,425 12.69 −1.45 4,430 12.50 −1.85
Internet Laila Harré 1,315 3.77 +3.77
Conservative Deborah Dougherty 963 2.76 −0.07 1,692 4.78 +1.27
Independent Penny Bright 420 1.20 +1.20
ACT Phelan Pirrie 302 0.87 +0.36 262 0.74 −0.65
Independent Brendan Whyte 74 0.21 +0.21
NZ First   2,608 7.36 +2.76
Internet Mana   338 0.95 +0.78[a]
Māori   192 0.54 +0.02
Legalise Cannabis   161 0.45 −0.04
United Future   93 0.26 −0.20
Ban 1080   48 0.14 +0.14
Democrats   23 0.06 +0.04
Independent Coalition   13 0.04 +0.04
Civilian   8 0.02 +0.02
Focus   3 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 208 73
Total Valid votes 34,860 35,434
Turnout 35,507 82.29 +5.65
National hold Majority 18,287 52.46 −7.78

2011 election[edit]

General election, 2011: Helensville [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY John Key 26,011 74.38 +0.77 23,558 65.79 +2.09
Labour Jeremy Greenbrook-Held 4,945 14.14 -2.97 5,138 14.35 -4.11
Green Jeanette Elley 2,575 7.36 +1.41 3,094 8.64 +3.74
Conservative Richard Drayson 941 2.69 +2.69 1,258 3.51 +3.51
Legalise Cannabis Adrian McDermott 319 0.91 +0.91 174 0.49 +0.16
ACT Nick Kearney 180 0.51 0-1.72 499 1.39 -5.31
NZ First   1,648 4.60 +2.06
Māori   186 0.52 +0.03
United Future   163 0.46 -0.33
Mana   60 0.17 +0.17
Libertarianz   19 0.05 -0.004
Democrats   8 0.02 +0.001
Alliance   4 0.01 -0.04
Informal votes 574 198
Total Valid votes 34,971 35,809
National hold Majority 21,066 60.24 +3.74

Electorate (as at 11 November 2011): 46,983[11]

2008 election[edit]

General election, 2008: Helensville[12][13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY John Key 26,771 73.61 +9.51 23,559 63.69 +8.60
Labour Darien Fenton 6,224 17.11 -9.77 6,826 18.45 -9.52
Green David Clendon 2,166 5.96 +5.79 1,814 4.90 +0.87
ACT David Garrett 811 2.23 +1.10 2,481 6.71 +4.36
United Future Angela Lovelock 309 0.85 -0.82 289 0.78 -1.69
Libertarianz Peter Osborne 89 0.24 21 0.06 +0.01
NZ First   940 2.54 -3.34
Progressive   195 0.53 -0.28
Family Party   182 0.49
Māori   182 0.49 +0.08
Bill and Ben   170 0.46
Legalise Cannabis   131 0.35 +0.16
Kiwi   105 0.28
Pacific   45 0.12
Alliance   19 0.05 +0.02
Workers Party   9 0.02
Democrats   8 0.02 ±0.00
RAM   8 0.02
RONZ   4 0.01 ±0.00
Informal votes 251 110
Total Valid votes 36,370 36,988
Turnout 37,298 82.27 -0.58
National hold Majority 20,547 56.49


2005 election[edit]

General election, 2005: Helensville[13][14][15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY John Key 22,008 64.10 +29.92 19,224 55.09 +29.28
Labour Judy Lawley 9,230 26.88 -0.24 9,761 27.97 -2.86
NZ First Dail Jones 1,400 4.08 -5.45 2,051 5.88 -6.06
United Future Andrea Deeth 573 1.67 -2.47 863 2.47 -5.82
ACT Stephen Langford-Tebby 389 1.13 821 2.35 -10.26
Māori Awa Hudson 359 1.05 142 0.41
Progressive Julian Aaron 318 0.93 -0.02 218 0.81 -0.08
Green Helen Koster 58 0.17 1,407 4.03 -1.99
Destiny   151 0.43
Legalise Cannabis   66 0.19 -0.21
Christian Heritage   48 0.14 -0.85
Libertarianz   16 0.05
Direct Democracy   11 0.03
Alliance   9 0.03 -1.00
Democrats   8 0.02
Family Rights   8 0.02
99 MP   5 0.01
RONZ   5 0.01
One NZ   4 0.01 -0.04
Informal votes 253 110
Total Valid votes 34,335 34,896
Turnout 35,222 82.85 +3.21
National hold Majority 12,778 37.22 +31.26

2002 election[edit]

General election, 2002: Helensville[14][16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National John Key 9,775 34.18 7,524 25.81
Labour Gary Russell 8,070 28.21 8,988 30.83
Independent Brian Neeson 5,644 19.73
NZ First Dail Jones 2,725 9.53 3,481 11.94
United Future Andrea Deeth 1,184 4.14 2,416 8.29
Alliance Helen MacKinlay 581 2.03 299 1.03
Christian Heritage David Simpkin 350 1.22 288 0.99
Progressive Clare Dickson 273 0.95 272 0.93
ACT   3,676 12.61
Green   1,755 6.02
ORNZ   313 1.07
Legalise Cannabis   118 0.40
One NZ   15 0.05
Mana Māori   10 0.03
NMP   2 0.01
Informal votes 327 78
Total Valid votes 28,602 29,157
Turnout 29,428 79.64
National win new seat Majority 1,705 5.96

1981 election[edit]

General election, 1981: Helensville[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Dail Jones 8,242 35.9 -4.6
Labour Jack Elder 8,026 34.9 +0.7
Social Credit D Howes 6,718 29.2
Majority 216 1.0
Turnout 25,812 89.5 +19.4

1978 election[edit]

General election, 1978: Helensville[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Dail Jones 7,783 40.5
Labour Jack Elder 6,584 34.2
Social Credit C W Lynch 4,510 23.4
Values D A P Worley 370 1.9
Majority 1,199 6.3
Turnout 27,558 70.1

Table footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ New Zealand Parliament - John Key MP
  2. ^ Wong, Simon; Wong, Simon. "Former PM John Key's last day in Parliament next week". Newshub. Retrieved 2017-03-14. 
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 8–9, 51, 119.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 119.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 115–120.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 118–123.
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 208.
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 194, 208.
  9. ^ Electoral Commission (10 October 2014). "Official Count Results – Helensville". Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  10. ^ Helensville results, 2011
  11. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 4 November 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  12. ^ Election results 2008
  13. ^ a b "Helensville:Electoral Profile". New Zealand Parliament. 26 August 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2009. 
  14. ^ a b "Electorate Profile Helensville" (PDF). New Zealand Parliament. 1 November 2005. Retrieved 5 October 2009. 
  15. ^ Election result 2005
  16. ^ Election results 2002
  17. ^ a b Norton 1988, pp. 242.

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°40′47″S 174°26′58″E / 36.6797°S 174.4494°E / -36.6797; 174.4494