March 23, 1886|
|Died||January 3, 1978
|Buried at||Djursholm cemetery|
|Years of service||1906–1951|
|Commands held||North Scanian Infantry Regiment
Life Regiment Grenadiers
General Staff and Army Staff
2nd Army Division
II. Military Area
IV. Military Area
Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces
Early life and military career
Jung was born in Malmö, Sweden, and was the son of the headmaster Victor Jung and Maria Levan. He was commissioned into the army as second lieutenant in the Southern Scanian Infantry Regiment (I 25) in 1906 and was a cadet officer at the War School from 1919 to 1922. Jung was a teacher of military history together with strategy at the War College from 1926 to 1928. He was the commander of the Military History Department of the General Staff in 1928 and was the Head of Department in 1929. Jung became a major in the General Staff in 1928, lieutenant colonel in 1933 and became colonel and commander of the North Scanian Infantry Regiment (I 6) in 1936.
Jung was commander of the Command Expedition of the Land-defense Ministry (lantförsvarets kommandoexpedition) from 1936 to 1937, colonel and executive officer of the Life Regiment Grenadiers (I 3) in 1936 and colonel and chief of the General Staff and Army Staff from 1937 to 1940. He became major general of the Army in 1938 and was the commander of the 2nd Army Division from 1940 to 1942. Jung was then the military commander of II. Military Area in 1942 and commander of the IV. Military Area and was the commandant of Stockholm garrison in 1943. He was appointed lieutenant general in 1944 and general in 1944. Jung was the Supreme Commander from 1944 to 1951.
He was the founder and editor of the New Military Journal (Ny militär tidskrift) from 1927 to 1930. Jung participanted in or was the leader of several research trips for archival studies and battleground studies in Eastern and Central Europe for the General Staff Gustav-Adolf-verk from 1922 to 1930. He was the Secretary of the Army in the 1930 Defence Commission and in the 1936 Defence Committee. Jung became a member of the Royal Society for the Publication of Manuscripts concerning Scandinavian History in 1929, of the Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences in 1931 and honorary member of the Royal Swedish Society of Naval Sciences in 1946.
In 1913 he married Ruth Wehtje (1893-1951), daughter of the deputy district judge Ernst Wehtje and Mimmi Ahnfelt. In 1952 he married Dagmar Bager (1897-1955), daughter of vice consul John Jeansson and Sigrid Maijström. He was the father of Stig (born 1915), Karin (born 1917) and Elisabet (born 1919). Jung died in 1978 and was buried in Djursholm cemetery.
Helge Jung was largely a composite nature. His personality had traits of cunning and tactical calculation, even cynicism, but at the same time there were also clear hint of idealism and unselfish work for the Swedish military strengthening.
Awards and decorations
- Knight and Commander of the Kungl. Maj:ts Orden
- King Gustaf V Jubilee Memorial Bagde on the occasion of the 90th anniversary
- Knight of the Order of Vasa
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog
- Commanders Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland
- Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav
- Grand Officier of the Legion of Honour
- Grand Officier of the Order of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas
- Grand Officier of the Order of the German Eagle
- Commander of the Order of the Cross of the Eagle
- Commander of the Order of the Three Stars
- Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau with swords
- Commander 2nd Class of the Order of Polonia Restituta
- Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary
- 4th Class of the Order of the Crown
- King Christian X's Liberty Medal
- Gold Medal of the Swedish Red Cross
- Gold Medal of the Central Union of Officer Education (Centralförbundet for befälsutbildnings guldmedalj)
- Gold Medal of the Swedish Civil Defence League (Sveriges civilförsvarsförbunds guldmedalj)
- Gold Medal of the Swedish Women's Voluntary Defence Service (Riksförbundet Sveriges lottakårers guldmedalj)
- Gold Medal of Merit of the Home Guard (Hemvärnets förtjänstmedalj i guld)
- Gold Medal of the Stockholm Officers (Education) League (Stockholms befäls(utbildnings)förbunds guldmedalj)
- Gold Medal of the Southern Scanian Officers (Education) League (Södra skånska befäls(utbildnings)förbunds guldmedalj)
- Badge of Honor of the Swedish Reserve Officers Association (Svenska reservofficersföreningens hederstecken)
- Badge of Honor of the Danish Shooting, Gymnastics and Sports Associations (Danska Skytte-, gymnastik-och idrottsföreningars hederstecken)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Helge Jung.|
- Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1933 [Who is it: Swedish biographical handbook. 1933] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Norstedt. 1932. p. 424.
- Harnesk, Paul, ed. (1962). Vem är vem? 1, Stor-Stockholm [Who is who? 1, Greater Stockholm] (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Stockholm: Vem är vem. p. 665.
- "Helge Viktor Jung" (in Swedish). Finngraven.se. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
- Artéus, Gunnar, ed. (1996). Svenska officersprofiler under 1900-talet [Swedish officer profiles during the 1900s] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Militärhögsk. p. 272. ISBN 91-87072-19-X.
Ernst af Klercker
|Chief of Army Staff
|Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces