Helge Krog in 1919
9 February 1889|
|Died||30 July 1962(aged 73)|
|Occupation||Journalist, essayist, theatre and literary critic, translator and playwright|
|Parent(s)||Cecilie Thoresen Krog|
Helge Krog (9 February 1889 – 30 July 1962) was a Norwegian journalist, essayist, theatre and literary critic, translator and playwright.
Krog was born in Kristiania, the son of jurist Fredrik Arentz Krog and Ida Cecilie Thoresen. His mother was the first female student in Norway, in 1882, and a well-known feminist. He was married to writer and publicist Eli Meyer from 1912 to 1947, and to actress Tordis Maurstad from 1949.
Krog graduated as cand.oecon. in 1911. He worked for the newspaper Verdens Gang from 1912, and from 1914 as a theatre and literary critic. He later worked for the newspapers Tidens Tegn, Arbeiderbladet and Dagbladet. He issued the article collection Meninger om bøker og forfattere in 1929 (lit. Opininons on books and writers), and a second collection, Meninger om mange ting in 1933.
His first play was the press comedy Det store Vi from 1917, which was staged at several Scandinavian theatres. The play was a great success at Nationaltheatret with almost sixty performances, Gerda Ring playing the "shop girl" character, and August Oddvar the "young journalist". The play På solsiden from 1927 was later basis for a film (in 1956). Other plays were Konkylien from 1929, and Don Juan (together with Sigurd Hoel, from 1930). The plays Underveis (1931) and Opbrudd (1936) are treating the women's role in society, and were also of interest during the feminist movement of the 1970s.
World War II
During the last part of World War II Krog lived in exile in Sweden, where he contributed to the magazine Håndslag. He published, under pseudonym, the critical article "Nazi-Tysklands krigspotensial og den 6-te kolonne i Norge" in 1944, an article which was subject to much debate, also after the war. The pamphlet was reissued in an expanded version in 1946, questioning the contributions from the Norwegian large-scale industry to the warfare of Nazi Germany (Norwegian: 6. kolonne -? Om den norske storindustriens bidrag til Nazi-Tysklands krigføring).
He died in Oslo.
- Rottem, Øystein. "Helge Krog". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
- "Cecilie Thoresen Krog". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
- "Helge Krog". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
- Rønneberg, Anton (1949). Nationaltheatret gjennom femti år (in Norwegian). Oslo: Gyldendal. p. 60.
- Luihn, Hans (1960). De illegale avisene (in Norwegian). Oslo / Bergen: Universitetsforlaget. pp. 178–179.
- Ringdal, Nils Johan (1995). "Krog, Helge". In Dahl; Hjeltnes; Nøkleby; Ringdal; Sørensen. Norsk krigsleksikon 1940-45 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Cappelen. p. 235. ISBN 82-02-14138-9. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
- Ringdal, Nils Johan (1995). "6-te kolonne". In Dahl, Hjeltnes, Nøkleby, Ringdal, Sørensen. Norsk krigsleksikon 1940-45 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Cappelen. p. 380. ISBN 82-02-14138-9. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
- Kraglund, Ivar; Moland, Arnfinn (1987). "Helge Krogs 6te kolonne: Norsk industri under krigen". In Skodvin, Magne. Norge i Krig. Hjemmefront (in Norwegian). 6. Oslo: Aschehoug. p. 224. ISBN 82-03-11421-0.