Retreat of Greenland's Helheim Glacier from 2001 to 2005
|Terminus||Helheim Fjord, Sermilik,|
North Atlantic Ocean
Helheim Glacier is one of Greenland's largest outlet glaciers and is named after the world of the dead in Norse Mythology. It feeds the waters of the Helheim Fjord, a branch of the Sermilik (Egede og Rothes Fjord) system, where there are a number of other glaciers calving and discharging at rapid rates such as the Midgard Glacier.
Helheim Glacier accelerated from 8 km (5.0 mi) per year in 2000 to 11 km (6.8 mi) per year in 2005. Like many of Greenland's outlet glaciers, it is a common site where glacial earthquakes are monitored.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2009-09-19. Ekström, G., M. Nettles, and V. C. Tsai (2006)"Seasonality and Increasing Frequency of Greenland Glacial Earthquakes", Science, 311, 5768, 1756–1758, doi:10.1126/science.1122112
- http://people.deas.harvard.edu/~vtsai/files/TsaiEkstrom_JGR2007.pdf%7CTsai, V. C. and G. Ekström (2007). "Analysis of Glacial Earthquakes", J. Geophys. Res., 112, F03S22, doi:10.1029/2006JF000596
- "Rapid retreat of Greenland's outlet glaciers may be temporary". Nature. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
- "Helheimfjord". Mapcarta. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- "Helheim Glacier". United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
- Ekstrom, Goram (24 March 2006). "Seasonality and Increasing Frequency of Greenland Glacial Earthquakes". Science. 311: 1756.
- Glaciers Not On Simple, Upward Trend Of Melting sciencedaily.com, Feb. 21, 2007 "Two of Greenland's largest glaciers (Kangerdlugssuaq and Helheim) shrank dramatically ... between 2004 and 2005. And then, less than two years later, they returned to near their previous rates of discharge.
- Ice flow in Greenland for the International Polar Year 2008/2009
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