Helichrysum sanguineum

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Red everlasting
DamHamacabim ST 06.jpg
Scientific classification
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H. sanguineum
Binomial name
Helichrysum sanguineum

Helichrysum sanguineum (L.) Kostel, known in English as Red Everlasting and Red cudweed is a flowering plant of the genus Helichrysum in the daisy family (Asteraceae).[1] It grows in mountain forests in the Levant where it blooms in April–June.[1][2]

H. sanguineum is a protected plant in Israel[3] and the Palestinian Authority.[citation needed]

The flower, named in modern Hebrew "Blood of the Maccabees", has become the icon of Yom Hazikaron, Memorial Day for Israel's Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism.[1]

Name[edit]

Scientific name[edit]

Helichrysum sanguineum (L.) Kostel is not to be mistaken for Helichrysum sanguineum Boiss.Gnaphalium sanguineum L., which is known in English as sowbread[4] or cyclamen.

Arabic[edit]

In Arabic, the flower is known as "دم المسيح" (dam al-Massiah), meaning "blood of the Messiah"/"Blood of Christ".

Israel (Modern Hebrew)[edit]

In Israel, it is known as "Blood of the Maccabees" (Hebrew: דם המכבים‎, Dam Hamakabim). The name is derived from a legend saying that in every spot where the flower grows, a drop of blood has spilled on the earth.[1] Since 2019, the non-profit organization Dam HaMaccabim has been distributing pins with the Red Everlasting flower throughout Israel.[5][6]

Helichrysum sanguineum on Mount Carmel

Distribution[edit]

The plant grows in the Levant, including: western Syria,[7] the Mediterranean coast of Lebanon and Mount Lebanon up to an altitude of 1000 m,[8] on the Golan Heights, in most of the northern and central part of Israel and the West Bank (Upper and Lower Galilee, around the Sea of Galilee, on Mount Carmel and the Coastal Plain south of it, Mount Gilboa, the northern part of the Jordan ValleySamaria, the Judean mountains and the Shefela), and the mountainous Gilead region in Jordan[9] (the areas of Jarash and Dibeen, Ajloun, and Al-Salt).[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Flowers in Israel
  2. ^ a b helichrysum sanguineum - Red everlasting, Royal Botanic Garden, Jordan. Accessed April 2020.
  3. ^ "אכרזת גנים לאומיים, שמורות טבע, אתרים לאומיים ואתרי הנצחה (ערכי טבע מוגנים) – ויקיטקסט". he.wikisource.org (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  4. ^ Crawford H. Greenewalt, jr., Lydian Cosmetics, Sardis Expedition: Archaeological Exploration of Sardis, accessed April 2020
  5. ^ Yaafa Abadi, "The Dam HaMaccabim Project Blossoms In Time For Yom Hazikaron", The Jerusalem Post
  6. ^ Mordechai Sones, "Red Everlasting: 'Blood of the Maccabees' flower sticker comes to life", Arutz Sheva
  7. ^ Helichrysum sanguineum (L.) Kostel, JSTOR Global Plants, accessesd April 2020
  8. ^ Helichrysum sanguineum (L.) Kostel, Lebanon FLORA, accessesd April 2020
  9. ^ Helichrysum sanguineum (L.) Kostel, Flowers of Israel Online, Prof. Avinoam Danin, accessesd April 2020

External links[edit]