Helicia nortoniana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Helicia nortoniana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Proteales
Family: Proteaceae
Genus: Helicia
Species: H. nortoniana
Binomial name
Helicia nortoniana
(F.M.Bailey) F.M.Bailey[1][2][3]
  • base name: Cyanocarpus nortoniana F.M.Bailey
  • Helicia ferruginea var. tropica F.M.Bailey
  • Helicia tropica (F.M.Bailey) Domin

Helicia nortoniana, also named Norton's silky oak, is a species of rainforest trees, of north–eastern Queensland, Australia, and constitutes part of the flowering plant family Proteaceae.[3][4][5][6][7]

Botanists know of them growing naturally only (endemic) in the rainforests of the Wet Tropics region, from about 0 to 1,000 m (0 to 3,281 ft) altitude.[3][4][5][6][7]

They have been recorded growing up to about 20 m (66 ft) tall.[6][7]


  1. ^ Bailey, Frederick M. (1901). "CXI. Proteaceae; Helicia Lour.". The Queensland Flora (online, digitised, via archive.org). 4. Brisbane: Queensland Government. p. 1328. Retrieved 6 Dec 2013. 
  2. ^ Bailey, Frederick M. (1913). "CXI. Proteaceae". Comprehensive Catalogue of Queensland Plants (online, digitised, via biodiversitylibrary.org). Brisbane: Queensland Government. p. 452, fig. 436 (on p. 449). Retrieved 6 Dec 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Helicia nortoniana%". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) database (listing by % wildcard matching of all taxa relevant to Australia). Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. Retrieved 6 Dec 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Foreman, Don B. (1984). "A review of the genus Helicia Lour. (Proteaceae) in Australia". Brunonia. 6 (1): 59–72. doi:10.1071/bru9830059. Retrieved 6 Dec 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. (Dec 2010). "Factsheet – Helicia nortoniana". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Edition 6.1, online version [RFK 6.1]. Cairns, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), through its Division of Plant Industry; the Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research; the Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University. Retrieved 6 Nov 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Cooper, Wendy; Cooper, William T. (June 2004). "Helicia nortoniana (F.M.Bailey) F.M.Bailey". Fruits of the Australian Tropical Rainforest. Clifton Hill, Victoria, Australia: Nokomis Editions. p. 413. ISBN 9780958174213. Retrieved 6 Dec 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c Foreman, Don B. (1995). "Helicia nortoniana (F.M.Bailey) F.M.Bailey". In McCarthy, Patrick. Flora of Australia: Volume 16: Eleagnaceae, Proteaceae 1 (online version). Flora of Australia series. CSIRO Publishing / Australian Biological Resources Study. pp. 398–399, map 450. ISBN 978-0-643-05692-3. Retrieved 6 Dec 2013.