Helictotrichon

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Helictotrichon
Helictotrichon-sempervirens-habit.JPG
Helictotrichon sempervirens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Helictotrichon
Besser
Type species
Helictotrichon sempervirens
(Vill.) Pilg.
Synonyms[1]
  • Heuffelia Schur
  • Stipavena Vierh.
  • Danthorhiza Ten.
  • Elictotrichon Besser ex Andrz.
  • Avenastrum (K.Koch) Opiz
  • Avenochloa Holub
  • Aristavena F.Albers & Butzin
  • Homalotrichon Banfi, Galasso & Bracchi
  • Neoholubia Tzvelev


Helictotrichon (alpine oatgrass)[2] is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the grass family.[3][4][5][6]

Most of the species are native to Africa and Eurasia with a few species in North America. Helictotrichon sempervirens is widely cultivated as an ornamental.[7][8][9]

Species[1]
  1. Helictotrichon altius (Hitchc.) Ohwi - China
  2. Helictotrichon angustum C.E.Hubb. - Kenya, Yemen
  3. Helictotrichon arctum Cope - Yemen
  4. Helictotrichon barbatum (Nees) Schweick. - South Africa
  5. Helictotrichon burmanicum Bor - Myanmar
  6. Helictotrichon cantabricum (Lag.) Gervais - Pyrenees in France + Spain
  7. Helictotrichon capense Schweick. - South Africa
  8. Helictotrichon convolutum (C.Presl) Henrard - Italy, Greece, Balkans, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon
  9. Helictotrichon cycladum (Rech.f. & T.C.Scheff.) Rech.f. - Greece incl Crete
  10. Helictotrichon decorum (Janka) Henrard - Romania
  11. Helictotrichon delavayi (Hack.) Henrard - China
  12. Helictotrichon desertorum (Less.) Nevski - Austria, Czech Rep, Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia
  13. Helictotrichon devesae Romero Zarco - Spain
  14. Helictotrichon dodii (Stapf) Schweick. - South Africa
  15. Helictotrichon elongatum (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) C.E.Hubb. - Madagascar; Africa from Chad to Eritrea to Zimbabwe
  16. Helictotrichon fedtschenkoi (Hack.) Henrard - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
  17. Helictotrichon filifolium (Lag.) Henrard - Spain, Morocco, Algeria
  18. Helictotrichon galpinii Schweick. - South Africa, Lesotho
  19. Helictotrichon hideoi (Honda) Ohwi - Japan, Taiwan
  20. Helictotrichon hirtulum (Steud.) Schweick. - South Africa, Lesotho
  21. Helictotrichon hissaricum (Roshev.) Henrard - Tajikistan
  22. Helictotrichon imberbe (Nees) Veldkamp - South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland
  23. Helictotrichon junghuhnii (Buse) Henrard - China, Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar, Sumatra, Java, New Guinea
  24. Helictotrichon × krischae H.Melzer - Austria
  25. Helictotrichon krylovii (Pavlov) Henrard - Yakutia, Magadan
  26. Helictotrichon lachnanthum (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) C.E.Hubb. - Bioko, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda
  27. Helictotrichon leianthum (Keng) Ohwi - China
  28. Helictotrichon leoninum (Steud.) Schweick. - South Africa
  29. Helictotrichon longifolium (Nees) Schweick. - South Africa, Lesotho
  30. Helictotrichon longum (Stapf) Schweick. - South Africa
  31. Helictotrichon macrostachyum (Balansa & Durieu) Henrard - Algeria
  32. Helictotrichon mannii (Pilg.) C.E.Hubb. - Bioko, Cameroon
  33. Helictotrichon milanjianum (Rendle) C.E.Hubb. - Madagascar, East Africa
  34. Helictotrichon mongolicum (Roshev.) Henrard - Siberia, Mongolia, Xinjiang, Kazakhstan
  35. Helictotrichon mortonianum (Scribn.) Henrard - USA (Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, New Mexico)
  36. Helictotrichon murcicum Holub - Spain
  37. Helictotrichon namaquense Schweick. - South Africa
  38. Helictotrichon natalense (Stapf) Schweick. - South Africa
  39. Helictotrichon newtonii (Stapf) C.E.Hubb. - Angola
  40. Helictotrichon parlatorei (J.Woods) Pilg. - Alps of France, Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia
  41. Helictotrichon petzense H.Melzer - Alps of Austria, Slovenia
  42. Helictotrichon planifolium (Willk.) Holub - Pyrenees in France + Spain
  43. Helictotrichon polyneurum (Hook.f.) Henrard - Tamil Nadu
  44. Helictotrichon potaninii Tzvelev - Sichuan
  45. Helictotrichon quinquesetum (Steud.) Schweick. - South Africa
  46. Helictotrichon requienii (Mutel) Henrard - France + Spain
  47. Helictotrichon rogerellisii Mashau, Fish & A.E.van Wyk - South Africa
  48. Helictotrichon roggeveldense Mashau, Fish & A.E.van Wyk - South Africa
  49. Helictotrichon sangilense Krasnob. - Tuva in Siberia
  50. Helictotrichon sarracenorum (Gand.) Holub - Spain
  51. Helictotrichon schmidii (Hook.f.) Henrard - India, China
  52. Helictotrichon sedenense (Clarion ex DC.) Holub - France, Spain, Italy, Morocco
  53. Helictotrichon sempervirens (Vill.) Pilg. - Blue oat grass - France, Italy
  54. Helictotrichon setaceum (Vill.) Henrard - France, Italy
  55. Helictotrichon sumatrense Ohwi - Sumatra
  56. Helictotrichon tianschanicum (Roshev.) Henrard - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Xinjiang
  57. Helictotrichon tibeticum (Roshev.) Holub - China incl Tibet + Xinjiang
  58. Helictotrichon turcomanicum Czopanov - Turkmenistan
  59. Helictotrichon umbrosum (Hochst. ex Steud.) C.E.Hubb. - Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania
  60. Helictotrichon uniyalii Kandwal & B.K.Gupta - Uttarakhand
  61. Helictotrichon yunnanense S.Wang & B.S.Sun - Yunnan
formerly included[1]

Many species once considered part of Helictotrichon are now regarded as better suited to other genera. A large number are now in Helictochloa with smaller numbers of species in Amphibromus Arrhenatherum Avenula Danthoniastrum Duthiea Tricholemma and Trisetum.

References[edit]