Heliopsis

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Heliopsis
Heliopsis helianthoides.jpg
Heliopsis helianthoides
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Heliantheae
Genus: Heliopsis
Pers. 1807
Synonyms[1]
  • Kallias (Cass.) Cass.
  • Helenomoium Willd. ex DC.
  • Heliopsis subg. Kallias Cass.
  • Helepta Raf.
  • Andrieuxia DC.

Heliopsis is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants in the sunflower family,[2][3] native to dry prairies in North and South America.[4] The sunflower-like composite flowerheads are usually yellow, up to 8 cm (3 in) in diameter, and are borne in summer. Species are commonly called ox-eye or oxeye.[5]

The name Heliopsis (pronounced /ˌhliˈɒpsɪs/, from Greek helios for "sun" and opsis for "appearance") refers to the bright yellow color of the flowers.

Species are found widely in cultivation in temperate climates, notably varieties of H. helianthoides.

Species[1]
  1. Heliopsis annua - Zacatecas, Oaxaca, Coahuila, Michoacán, Querétaro, Guanajuato, Nuevo León, Puebla, México State, Hidalgo, San Luis Potosí
  2. Heliopsis anomala - Baja California Sur
  3. Heliopsis buphthalmoides (synonym Heliopsis canescens) - Chiapas, Oaxaca, Panama, Honduras, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia
  4. Heliopsis decumbens - Peru
  5. Heliopsis filifolia - Coahuila
  6. Heliopsis gracilis : smooth oxeye, pinewoods oxeye - southeastern + south-central United States[6]
  7. Heliopsis helianthoides : smooth oxeye - most of eastern + central USA and Canada[7] false sunflower, oxeye, rough oxeye[8]
  8. Heliopsis lanceolata - Colombia
  9. Heliopsis longipes : gold root - is used medicinally. - San Luis Potosí
  10. Heliopsis novogaliciana - Jalisco, Durango, Sinaloa
  11. Heliopsis parviceps - Guerrero
  12. Heliopsis parvifolia : mountain oxeye - northern Mexico, southwestern United States[9]
  13. Heliopsis procumbens - Durango, Jalisco, Mexico State, Distrito Federal, Sinaloa
  14. Heliopsis sinaloensis - Sinaloa
  15. Heliopsis suffruticosa - Zacatecas[10]

References[edit]