Heliotropium indicum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Heliotropium indicum
Heliotropium indicum at Kadavoor.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Boraginales
Family: Boraginaceae
Genus: Heliotropium
Species: H. indicum
Binomial name
Heliotropium indicum
L.
Synonyms

Heliophytum indicum
Heliotropium parviflorum
Tiaridium indicum

Heliotropium indicum, commonly known as Indian heliotrope, is an annual, hirsute plant that is a common weed in waste places and settled areas. It is native to Asia.

Description[edit]

Indian heliotrope is an annual, erect, branched plant that can grow to a height of about 15–50 cm (5.9–19.7 in). It's a hairy stem, bearing alternating ovate to oblong-ovate leaves. It has small white flowers with a green calyx; five stamens borne on a corolla tube; a terminal style; and a four-lobed ovary.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Heliotropium indicum at Pocharam lake, Andhra Pradesh, India

The plant is native to Asia. A common weed in waste places and settled areas.[1]

Traditional medicine[edit]

In the Philippines, the plant is chiefly used as a traditional medicine. The extracted juice from the pounded leaves of the plants is used on wounds, skin ulcers and furuncles.[citation needed] The juice is also used as an eye drop for conjunctivitis.[citation needed] The pounded leaves are used as poultice.[2]

Toxicity[edit]

Heliotropium indicum contains tumorigenic pyrrolizidine alkaloids.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Trompang elepante". Philippine Medicinal Plants oten. 
  2. ^ Onaylos, Irma Noel. Plants That You Know But Really Don't: Home Remedies from 110 Philippine Medicinal Plants. Cebu City: Our Press, Inc. p. 40. 
  3. ^ Fu, P.P., Yang, Y.C., Xia, Q., Chou, M.C., Cui, Y.Y., Lin G., "Pyrrolizidine alkaloids-tumorigenic components in Chinese herbal medicina and dietary supplements", Jornal of Food and Drug Analysis, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2002, pp. 198-211 [1][permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

Media related to Heliotropium indicum at Wikimedia Commons