Helix lucorum

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Helix lucorum
Helix lucorum 2.jpg
live specimen of Helix lucorum
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Heterobranchia
Superorder: Eupulmonata
Order: Stylommatophora
Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Helicidae
Genus: Helix
H. lucorum
Binomial name
Helix lucorum
  • Helix (Helicogena) ancyrensis Kobelt, 1905 (junior synonym)
  • Helix (Helicogena) ancyrensis haussknechti Kobelt, 1905 (junior synonym)
  • Helix (Helicogena) everekensis Kobelt, 1907 (junior synonym)
  • Helix (Helicogena) halepensis Kobelt, 1905 (junior synonym)
  • Helix (Helicogena) quinquefasciata Kobelt, 1905 (junior synonym)
  • Helix (Helix) lucorum Linnaeus, 1758· accepted, alternate representation
  • Helix (Pomatia) dorylaeensis Kobelt, 1903 (junior synonym)
  • Helix (Pomatia) dorylaensis Nägele, 1903 (suspected synonym)
  • Helix annosa Mascarini, 1892
  • Helix atrocincta Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix castanea Olivier, 1801 (invalid; not O. F. Müller, 1774)
  • Helix castanea var. bulgarica Kobelt, 1905 (junior synonym)
  • Helix castanea var. nigerrima Kobelt, 1905 (junior synonym)
  • Helix lucorum anaphora Westerlund, 1889
  • Helix lucorum hueti Kobelt, 1905 (junior synonym)
  • Helix lucorum loebbeckei Kobelt, 1905 (junior synonym)
  • Helix lucorum moussoni Kobelt, 1905 (invalid; not L. Pfeiffer, 1849)
  • Helix lucorum var. euphratica E. von Martens, 1874 (junior synonym)
  • Helix mahometana Bourguignat, 1860 (junior synonym)
  • Helix mutata Lamarck, 1822 (junior synonym)
  • Helix nigrozonata Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix onixiomicra Bourguignat, 1860 (junior synonym)
  • Helix onixiomicra var. presbensis Kobelt, 1905 (junior synonym)
  • Helix radiosa Rossmässler, 1838 (junior synonym)
  • Helix rumelica var. magnifica Kobelt, 1905 (junior synonym)
  • Helix rypara Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix schachbulakensis Bourguignat, 1876 (junior synonym)
  • Helix socia L. Pfeiffer, 1853 (junior synonym)
  • Helix taurica Krynicki, 1833
  • Helix virago Bourguignat, 1883

Helix lucorum is a species of large, edible, air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Helicidae, the typical snails. [1]


The shell of Helix lucorum

Adult snails weight about 20-25 g.[2]

The width of the shell is 35-60.[3] The height of the shell is 25–45 mm.[3]

This species of snail makes and uses love darts.


The native distribution is Caucasus, Anatolia and, arguably, Balkans, it also invaded many other regions since ancient times.[4]

Few different lineages of Helix lucorum has a distinct different shell's coloration and in some regions the snails from the different lineages are invaded during the different periods forming the populations that differs from each other.[4]

Eastern native range with main genetic diversity of the species:

Balkans (probably native):

Other countries:


The diameter of the egg is 4.4 mm.[12] Juvenile snails that are two to three months old weigh 0.5-0.9 g.[2]

Human use[edit]

Helix lucorum is used in cuisine as escargots.

Helix lucorum (raw)
Escargot trick.jpg
Helix lucorum served as escargots
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy95 kcal (400 kJ)
0 g
Sugars0 g
Dietary fiber0 g
1.59 g
Saturated0 g
Trans0 g
19.05 g
VitaminsQuantity %DV
Vitamin A equiv.
0 μg
Vitamin C
0 mg
MineralsQuantity %DV
159 mg
2.29 mg
103 mg
Other constituentsQuantity
Cholesterol206 mg

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.


  1. ^ a b MolluscaBase eds. (2020). MolluscaBase. Helix lucorum Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1050278 on 2020-05-02
  2. ^ a b Danilova A.B. & Grinkevich L. N. (2012). "Failure of Long-Term Memory Formation in Juvenile Snails Is Determined by Acetylation Status of Histone H3 and Can Be Improved by NaB Treatment". PLoS ONE 7(7): e41828. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041828.
  3. ^ a b c (in Czech) Horsák M., Juřičková L., Beran L., Čejka T. & Dvořák L. (2010). "Komentovaný seznam měkkýšů zjištěných ve volné přírodě České a Slovenské republiky. [Annotated list of mollusc species recorded outdoors in the Czech and Slovak Republics]". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca, Suppl. 1: 1-37. PDF.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Korábek O., Juřičková L., Balashov I., Petrusek A. The contribution of ancient and modern anthropogenic introductions to the colonization of Europe by the land snail Helix lucorum Linnaeus, 1758 (Helicidae) // Contributions to Zoology. — 2018. — 87 (2). — P. 61—74.
  5. ^ Mumladze L. (2013). "Shell size differences in Helix lucorum Linnaeus, 1758 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) between natural and urban environments". Turkish Journal of Zoology 37: 1-6.
  6. ^ Commonwealth of Australia (2002 April). "Citrus Imports from the Arab Republic of Egypt. A Review Under Existing Import Conditions for Citrus from Israel Archived 2009-01-09 at the Wayback Machine". Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Australia. Caption: Gastropods, page 12 and Appendix 2.
  7. ^ Balashov I. & Gural-Sverlova N. (2012). "An annotated checklist of the terrestrial molluscs of Ukraine". Journal of Conchology 41(1): 91-109.
  8. ^ Balashov I.A., Kramarenko S.S., Zhukov A.V., Shklyaruk A.N., Baidashnikov A.A., Vasyliuk A.V. 2013. Contribution to the knowledge of terrestrial molluscs in southeastern Ukraine. Malacologica Bohemoslovaca. 12: 62–69.
  9. ^ Peltanová A., Petrusek A., Kment P. & Juřičková L. (2011). "A fast snail's pace: colonization of Central Europe by Mediterranean gastropods". Biological Invasions 14(4): 759-764. doi:10.1007/s10530-011-0121-9.
  10. ^ Čejka T. & Čačaný J. (2014). "The first record of the Turkish snail (Helix lucorum L., 1758) in the Slovak Republic". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 13: 124–125. PDF.
  11. ^ Palmer, P. (2010). "Helix lucorum in Wimbledon, S.W. London". Mollusc World. 23: 12.
  12. ^ Heller J.: Life History Strategies. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited page: 428.

External links[edit]