Helix nucula

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Helix nucula
Shell of Helix nucula
Shell of Helix nucula from western Crete, near Palaiochora
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra

Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Helicidae
Subfamily: Helicinae
Tribe: Helicini
Genus: Helix
Species: H. nucula
Binomial name
Helix nucula
Mousson, 1854[2]

Helix nucula is a species of air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Helicidae, the typical snails. According to the malacologist E. Neubert, the taxonomy of this species is rather complex; the species has been confused with Helix figulina, a related species.[1]


This land snail mainly inhabits areas near the south and west coasts of Turkey as well as the Aegean Islands of Greece.[3][4] Although its range is mostly limited to areas of Turkey and Greece, in the local language of Crete these snails are sometimes called "barbarésos" or "bárbaros", which might suggest that they came from Barbaria (North Africa).[5]


  1. ^ a b Neubert E. & Triantis K. (2011). Helix nucula. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 08 July 2013.
  2. ^ Mousson A. (1854). "Coquilles terrestres et fluviatiles, recueillies par M. le Prof. Bellardi dans un voyage en Orient". Mittheilungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zürich 3(8): 362-402, page 367.
  3. ^ IUCN Red List, Distribution map of Helix nucula.
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of Life - Helix nucula
  5. ^ AnimalBase :: Helix nucula

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