Hell's Kitchen (U.S. TV series)

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This article is about the American television show. For other uses, see Hell's Kitchen (disambiguation).
Hell's Kitchen
Hells Kitchen title.png
Genre Reality television
Created by Gordon Ramsay
Directed by
  • Tony Croll (season 1)
  • Brad Kreisberg (seasons 2–5)
  • Sharon Trojan Hollinger (seasons 6-present)
Starring Gordon Ramsay
Narrated by Jason Thompson (seasons 1–12 & 15-present)
Opening theme "Fire" by the Ohio Players
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 15
No. of episodes 234 (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s)
Running time 41–44 minutes[1]
Production company(s)
Release
Original network Fox
Picture format
Audio format Dolby Digital 5.1
Original release May 30, 2005 (2005-05-30) – present (present)
Chronology
Related shows Hell's Kitchen (UK TV series)
External links
Website

Hell's Kitchen is an American reality television cooking competition (based on the British series of the same name) broadcast on Fox. It is hosted by celebrity chef Gordon Ramsay. Fox had announced that Hell's Kitchen was renewed for a 13th season which premiered on Wednesday, September 10, 2014.[2] The show was officially renewed for a 14th season that began on March 3, 2015. At the end of the 13th season, it was announced that it was renewed for two more seasons through season 16.[3] For the first time since season 10, Hell's Kitchen had a 9 ET/8 CT timeslot starting Tuesday, May 26, 2015, due to the revival of the series Are You Smarter than a 5th Grader? taking its spot at 8/7c.[4] Season 15 premiered on January 15, 2016;[5] initially broadcasting Friday nights at 9 p.m. ET/PT, Hell's Kitchen briefly moved to Wednesdays on January 27, 2016, also at 9 p.m. ET/PT, in a swap with Second Chance, a drama that was experiencing poor ratings in its Wednesday time slot.[6]

Format[edit]

Hell's Kitchen is a reality television show that uses a progressive elimination format to narrow down a field of twelve to twenty aspiring chefs to a single winner over the course of one season. The U.S. version of Hell's Kitchen follows the format of the UK version though the show is recorded and not performed live, nor is there audience participation in the elimination of chefs. The show is produced at Hell's Kitchen, a modified warehouse in Los Angeles that includes the restaurant, dual kitchen facilities and a dormitory where the chefs reside while on the show. They are also given knife sets that they get to keep, regardless of their progress.[7]

At the start of each season, Gordon Ramsay breaks the chefs into two teams. Most often this is based on gender, with women on the red team and men on the blue; each is given a chef's jacket with panels of that color on the shoulders. The chefs remain on these teams throughout most of the competition; Ramsay may reassign a chef to the other team if the team numbers are uneven or if he feels the chef will perform better on the other team. When only five or six chefs remain, they are brought into a single common team wearing black-panelled jackets. From this point onward, they compete individually to be one of the final two.

Challenges[edit]

Each episode typically includes a challenge and a dinner service, followed by the elimination of a chef. In challenges, the teams or individual chefs are tasked with a cooking challenge by Ramsay. The type of challenges are varied, including ingredient preparation, meal preparation and taste tests. The first challenge of each season is a signature dish cook-off, giving the chefs an opportunity to show Ramsay their cooking.

Each season typically includes one or more challenges that allows teams to construct several dishes either for a banquet to be held the next dinner service or as part of designing their own menus. Other challenges typically include a "taste it, make it" task, where chefs must attempt to recreate a dish Ramsay has prepared after tasting it only, and a taste-test challenge where chefs identify ingredients while blindfolded and wearing sound-blocking earcovers. Some challenges have been full breakfast or lunch services, where the team completing the service first is declared the winner.

The winner of the challenge is determined by either a scoring system set for that challenge or by Ramsay's and/or guest judges' opinions. The winning team or chef is typically rewarded with a recreational activity away from Hell's Kitchen and other potential prizes, while the losing team or chefs are forced to do a menial task, such as cleaning the kitchens, preparing a specific ingredient for the following dinner or having to prepare the food for both kitchens.

Dinner service[edit]

For dinner services, the chefs are expected to work their station (such as meat, fish, or garnish) on the kitchen line to prepare food in coordination with their teammates and to Ramsay's high standards for quality and presentation. Dinner service is for about 100 guests (volunteers for the show), with each diner expecting to receive an appetizer, an entree, and a dessert. The chefs are given menus and recipe books by Ramsay to study and memorize, which include some of Ramsay's more difficult plates including risotto and Beef Wellington. The chefs may spend several hours before each service preparing their ingredients.

Menus may be customized for a specific dinner service, such as ethnic-themed dishes or plates that resulted from the earlier challenge. One service per season allows for the teams to develop their own menus, which are reviewed by Ramsay for quality and presentation before the service. Dinner services may include additional challenges. A chef from each team may be asked to serve a table-side meal for their team, to wait and serve celebrities sitting at the kitchen's chef's table, or to act as a server for the evening, taking and fulfilling orders. After the chefs are on a single black team, Ramsay will use one dinner service to ask each chef to run the pass to test their quality control, including deliberate mistakes made by the sous chefs or Ramsay himself.

During a service, Ramsay demands that all orders for each course for a table go out together, and will send back entire orders if one item is improperly prepared, such as being over- or undercooked or not seasoned correctly. While the chefs are in two teams, Ramsay is assisted by two trusted sous-chefs, each monitoring one of the kitchens, demanding the same standards and alerting Ramsay to any issues. Ramsay's goal is to complete every dinner service, but exceptionally poor kitchen performance by one or both teams will cause him to close one (or both sides) of the kitchen early and send the team(s) back to the dorms. Ramsay may also evict individual chefs from the kitchen based on repeated poor performances during a service, and on rare occasions, may eliminate a chef on the spot.

Elimination[edit]

Once the dinner service is complete, Ramsay determines which team is the losing team and informs them to come up with two chefs to be nominated for elimination. Occasionally, Ramsay declares that both teams have lost, or requests a different number of chefs to be nominated for elimination. In some cases, Ramsay has named both teams winners, but still requires both teams to nominate someone for elimination. This is a group consensus, but Ramsay may occasionally name a chef "best of the worst" on their team and instruct them to choose the nominees.

Ramsay reassembles the teams in the dining hall and hears out the nominations from the losing team(s). Ramsay may also nominate other chefs for elimination if he believes it appropriate. After giving these nominees the chance to defend themselves, Ramsay selects one to hand over their jacket and "leave Hell's Kitchen." If he disagrees with the nominations or wishes to eliminate a chef on a winning team, Ramsay may choose to eliminate an unnominated chef instead.

The eliminated chef is shown leaving the restaurant, providing some last thoughts on the experience. Ramsay is shown going to his office and symbolically placing their jacket on a sharp hook below their picture in a row with the others. The hook rips through the jacket and the chef's picture ignites, signalling their departure. During this scene, there is a voiceover of Ramsay explaining his reasons for eliminating the chef. If an eliminated chef has performed exceptionally well, Ramsay may allow that chef to keep their jacket as a token of their success up to that point, if he sees fit.

Chefs may be eliminated from the competition due to medical reasons, both voluntarily and involuntarily. Chefs that violate the competition's rules may be immediately eliminated. Chefs may also exit the competition voluntarily for any other reason; though this is not encouraged, their wishes are ultimately granted.

Final service[edit]

In the finale, the two remaining chefs are each given the opportunity to develop their own menu and lead a brigade of former competitors through a full dinner service on their own. In the first five seasons, this included the opportunity to decorate half of the Hell's Kitchen restaurant to their liking. Prior to the dinner service, the two chefs compete in a tasting contest using the dishes they are planning to cook at the service, and the winner will earn the advantage of picking their brigade of chefs first. Ramsay will ensure that all menu items meet his standards for high cuisine prior to service, and he and his sous chefs will oversee the service to make sure that his high quality standards are retained, but does not otherwise get involved, allowing the two remaining chefs to demonstrate their ability to run the line.

Ramsay uses his own observations and those from the diners and other sources to decide who is the winning chef. He has two doors in his office leading out to the balcony above the Hell's Kitchen seating area. Each chef stands at a door and Ramsay tells them to both turn their handles at the same time. After a commercial break, only the door of the winning chef is unlocked allowing the winner to walk through and be greeted by the crowd below. The winning chef receives two prizes including the opportunity to work as the head chef or executive chef at a restaurant of Ramsay's choosing, as well as a cash prize of $250,000.[8] In a similar manner to the voiceover at each elimination, Ramsay has a voiceover to explain his reasons for choosing that chef as the winner.

Cast[edit]

Gordon Ramsay is the head chef. Jason Thompson is the narrator. Jean-Philippe Susilovic, a Belgian maître d'hôtel, comes from Petrus, one of Ramsay's London restaurants and appeared in the first seven seasons and later returned for season 11. He left after season 12 and was replaced by Marino Monferrato for season 13. Susilovic was also the maître d'hôtel for the first series of the original British version. James Lukanik replaced Susilovic for seasons 8–10.[9] Each team also has the services of one of two sous-chefs. The sous-chefs are season 10 winner Christina Wilson (since season 15) and Aaron Mitrano (since season 15). Previous sous-chefs were Mary Ann Salcedo, Gloria Felix, season 2 winner Heather West, Andrea "Andi" Van Willigan, Scott Leibfried and James Avery

Production[edit]

Broadcasting[edit]

The theme song is Fire by the Ohio Players. When the U.S. version is broadcast in the U.K., Italy, Portugal and some countries (shown on the table below), it features only the instrumental version.

Setting[edit]

For the show's first two seasons, the Hell's Kitchen restaurant set itself was housed in the former studios of Los Angeles television station KCOP at 915 North La Brea Avenue, in Hollywood, which at one time hosted production of game shows Tic Tac Dough and The Joker's Wild.[11] KCOP was acquired by News Corporation in 2001 and its studios were integrated with those of Fox affiliate KTTV in 2003, leaving the La Brea facility vacant.[12] Originally the studio was put up for sale, but in the end they were retooled for the production of Hell's Kitchen. The dining room area was the location of the former KCOP news studios, and living quarters for the contestants were built behind the restaurant.[13] Before season three, the Hell's Kitchen facility was moved to Century Studios at 3322 La Cienega Place in Los Angeles. Since the fourth season, Hell's Kitchen's venue has been located at 8660 Hayden Place in Culver City.[citation needed] According to Arthur Perkins, the soundstage is only open for audience members when taping is taking place.[14] The studio sits on the former location of the famous RKO Forty Acres backlot, which was used in movies such as Gone With The Wind and television series such as The Andy Griffith Show and The Adventures of Superman. The studio building sits on the location of the military camp seen in the television series Gomer Pyle U.S.M.C..

Accusations of staging[edit]

The series has drawn numerous online and editorial accusations of staging and dramatic license,[15] mostly due to editing techniques of the producers which splice together several hours of footage from a dinner service, in order to make certain contestants appear as poor performers, later justifying their elimination. This was most obvious when one episode featured clips showing an already eliminated contestant in the background, still cooking.[16]

One of the most controversial accusations of staging on Hell's Kitchen relates to an incident with contestant Joseph Tinnelly, who, during one elimination round, angrily confronted Ramsay, challenging him to fight, and was then escorted off the set. The incident drew immediate fire from critics as an overplayed and possibly faked scene, conducted to cause action and tension on the show in order to spark viewer interest.[17]

In a 2013 interview, Ramsay admitted that the vast majority of his anger towards contestants was acting, his on-camera rage being done to force contestants to give their all and that when off-camera he treated all contestants with friendliness and respect. Ramsay further stated he would often meet with eliminated contestants after their departure from the show, offering positive criticism and advice. Staff and production members further affirmed that in real life, Ramsay was a sociable and friendly person and most of the on-camera drama is played out for the benefit of the audience.[18]

Seasons[edit]

Season Original run Winner Runner-up Reason for winning Contestants Winner's prize
01 May 30 – August 1, 2005 Michael Wray Ralph Pagano High standards[19] 12 United States Tatou in Los Angeles[a]
02 June 12 – August 14, 2006 Heather West Virginia Dalbeck Determination[19] United States Terra Rossa at Red Rock Resort Spa and Casino in Las Vegas
03 June 4 – August 13, 2007 Rock Harper Bonnie Muirhead Leadership United States Terra Verde at Green Valley Ranch in Henderson
04 April 1 – July 8, 2008 Christina Machamer Louis Petrozza Potential 15 United States London West Hollywood in Los Angeles
05 January 29 – May 14, 2009 Danny Veltri Paula da Silva Maturity[19] 16 United States Fornelletto at the Borgata in Atlantic City
06 July 21 – October 13, 2009 Dave Levey Kevin Cottle Ability[19] 17 Canada Araxi Restaurant and Bar in Whistler
07 June 1 – August 10, 2010 Holli Ugalde Jay Santos Confidence[19] 16 United Kingdom Savoy Grill at Savoy Hotel in London[b]
08 September 22 – December 15, 2010 Nona Sivley Russell Kook II Palate[19] United States LA Market at JW Marriott Hotel in Los Angeles
09 July 18 – September 19, 2011 Paul Niedermann Will Lustberg Enthusiasm 18 United States BLT Steak in New York City
10 June 4[20] – September 10, 2012[21] Christina Wilson Justin Antiorio Passion United States Gordon Ramsay Steak in the Paris Las Vegas[22]
11 March 12 – July 25, 2013 Ja'Nel Witt Mary Poehnelt Composure 20 United States Gordon Ramsay Pub & Grill at Caesars Palace[23][c]
12 March 13 – July 24, 2014 Scott Commings Jason Zepaltas Artistry
13 September 10 – December 17, 2014 La Tasha McCutchen Bryant Gallaher Will & Determination 18[24] United States Gordon Ramsay Pub & Grill at Caesars Atlantic City[25][d]
14 March 3 – June 9, 2015[26] Meghan Gill T Gregoire Natural Leadership
15 January 15 - April 29, 2016[27] Ariel Malone Kristin Barone Vocalness United States BLT Steak at Bally's Las Vegas[28]
16 September 23, 2016[29] TBD TBD TBA TBA TBA
Notes
  1. ^ Season 1 winner Michael was offered the alternative choice of working at Gordon Ramsay in London, which he initially accepted, but subsequently reverted to the original prize due to not wanting to be separated from his family.
  2. ^ Season 7 winner Holli was refused a UK work permit, and so was awarded the cash prize in lieu of the job at the Savoy Grill.
  3. ^ Season 11 winner Ja'Nel's job offer was withdrawn after she failed a drug test, but she kept the cash prize. Due to a commitment on Ja'Nel's job withdrawal, season 12 winner Scott later won the job offer after winning in the next season.
  4. ^ Season 13 winner La Tasha McCutchen, and Season 14 winner Meghan Gill to share head chef duties at Caesars Atlantic City.

Awards and nominations[edit]

Hell's Kitchen has been nominated for three Primetime Emmy Awards in the Outstanding Art Direction for Variety, Music or Nonfiction Programming category in 2007, 2008, and 2009. It has also been nominated for two Art Directors Guild Awards in the Television — Awards Show, Variety, Music or Non-Fiction Program category in 2007 and 2008, winning one in 2008. It has also been nominated for a Teen Choice Award for Choice Summer Series.

In 2009, Gordon Ramsay won an Astra Award for Favourite International Personality or Actor.[30]

At the 2011 People's Choice Awards, Hell's Kitchen was nominated for Favorite Reality Show and Gordon Ramsay was nominated for Favorite TV Chef.[31]

At the 2014 Reality TV Awards ceremony, Hell's Kitchen won an award for best new cast.[32] In 2015, Hell's Kitchen won awards for best overall show and guilty pleasure at the 2015 Reality TV Awards.[33]

Other media[edit]

DVD and Blu-ray releases[edit]

Visual Entertainment has released the first fourteen seasons of Hell's Kitchen in Region 1.[34] Season 14 was released on March 15, 2016, and to the Blu-ray format for the first time.[35]

In Region 4, Shock Entertainment has released seasons 1–8 on DVD in Australia.[36]

DVD/BD title No. of
episodes
Release dates
Region 1 (CAN) Region 1 (US) Region 4 (AUS)
Hell's Kitchen – Season 1: Raw and Uncensored 10 April 8, 2008 December 1, 2008
Hell's Kitchen – Season 2: Raw and Uncensored 10 October 27, 2009 May 11, 2010 February 2, 2009
Hell's Kitchen – Season 3: Raw and Uncensored 11 August 10, 2010 September 21, 2010 February 2, 2009
Hell's Kitchen – Season 4: Raw and Uncensored 15 November 16, 2010 November 9, 2010 April 1, 2009
Hell's Kitchen – Season 5: Raw and Uncensored 15 August 30, 2011 November 27, 2009
Hell's Kitchen – Season 6: Raw and Uncensored 15 November 1, 2011 April 10, 2012 March 9, 2011[37]
Hell's Kitchen – Season 7: Raw and Uncensored 15 June 5, 2012 May 11, 2011[38]
Hell's Kitchen – Season 8: Raw and Uncensored 15 December 4, 2012 May 11, 2011[39]
Hell's Kitchen – Season 9: Raw and Uncensored 16 August 27, 2013 September 10, 2013 TBA
Hell's Kitchen – Season 10: Raw and Uncensored 20 October 8, 2013[40] October 1, 2013 TBA
Hell's Kitchen – Season 11: Raw and Uncensored 22 April 15, 2014 TBA
Hell's Kitchen – Season 12: Raw and Uncensored 20 September 1, 2015 TBA
Hell's Kitchen – Season 13: Raw and Uncensored 16 November 24, 2015 TBA
Hell's Kitchen – Season 14: Raw and Uncensored 16 March 15, 2016 TBA

Hell's Kitchen: The Game[edit]

Hell's Kitchen: The Game
Developer(s) Ludia
Publisher(s) Ubisoft
Platform(s) Wii, Nintendo DS, Windows and iPhone OS
Release date(s) September 11, 2008
Genre(s) Sim

On September 11, 2008, Ubisoft released Hell's Kitchen: The Game for the Wii, Nintendo DS, Windows, and iOS which features the likeness of Ramsay, and the many important tasks shown in the U.S. version of the show.[41]

Hell's Kitchen on Facebook
Developer(s) Ludia / Social2u
Platform(s) Facebook
Release date(s) April 2, 2009
Genre(s) Sim

On April 2, 2009, Ludia and Social2u released the official Facebook version of the Hell's Kitchen game.[42]

International versions[edit]

     Currently airing franchise
     Franchise no longer in production
Country Title Broadcaster Head Chef Sous Chefs Maître d' Original run
 Brazil Hell's Kitchen - Cozinha Sob Pressão SBT Carlos Bertolazzi, Danielle Dahoui Alex Caputo (Seasons 1 - 2)
Zi Saldanha (Season 3)
Gilda Maria Bley (Season 3)
Dídio Perini (Season 1) Season 1: 11 October 2014 – 10 January 2015
Season 2: 25 April 2015 - 18 July 2015
Season 3: 31 October 2015 - 30 January 2016
 Denmark Helvedes Køkken TV 2 Wassim Halla 16 March 2010 - 18 May 2010
 Finland Hell's Kitchen Suomi MTV3 Sauli Kemppainen Kira Weckman
Tero Laukkanen
Nina Koiranen 20 September 2013 - 13 December 2013
 Germany Teufels Küche Deutschland RTL Television Christian Rach
8 April 2005 - 21 April 2005
 Germany Hell's Kitchen Deutschland Sat.1 Frank Rosin Miguel[43]
Michael
Gerhard Retter[44] 7 May 2014 - 11 June 2014
 Indonesia Hell's Kitchen Indonesia SCTV Juna Rorimpandey Rano Abryanto
Winnie Kusumawardani
Andrie Khusyi 3 January 2015 - 8 August 2015
 Italy Hell's Kitchen Italia Sky Uno Carlo Cracco Entiana Osmenzeza (Season 1)
Omar Allievi (Season 1)
Marion Lichtle (Season 2)
Misha Sukyas (Season 2)
Luca Cinacchi Season 1: 17 April 2014 - 5 June 2014
Season 2: 21 May 2015 - 9 July 2015
 Poland Hell's Kitchen - Piekielna Kuchnia Polsat Wojciech Modest Amaro Piotr Ślusarz (Seasons 1 - 2)
Dariusz Kuźniak (Seasons 1 - 2)
Piotr Ogiński (Season 3)
Paulina Sawicka (Season 3)
Sebastian Olma (Season 4 -)
Marcin Przybysz (Season 4 -)
Paweł Gruba Season 1: 8 April 2014 - 10 June 2014
Season 2: 9 September 2014 - 18 November 2014
Season 3: 10 March 2015 - 12 May 2015
Season 4: 8 September 2015 - 10 November 2015
 Romania Hell's Kitchen - Iadul Bucatarilor Antena 1 Sorin Bontea, Florin Dumitrescu, Catalin Scarlatescu Mimi Nicolae
Alex Petricean "D'Artagnan"
Virgil Mănescu Season 1: 22 September 2014 - 22 December 2014
Season 2: 9 March 2015 - 4 May 2015
 Russia Адская Кухня РЕН ТВ Aram Mnatsakanov Season 1: 9 February 2012 – 31 May 2012
Season 2: 17 January 2013 - 25 April 2013
 Ukraine Пекельна Кухня 1+1 Aram Mnatsakanov Vladimir Yaroslavsky
Jerome Laurier
Season 1: 13 April 2011 – 20 July 2011
Season 2: 11 January 2012 - 11 March 2012
Season 3: 4 April 2013 - 12 July 2013
 United States Hell's Kitchen Fox Gordon Ramsay Scott Leibfried (Season 1 - 10)
James Avery (Season 11 - 14)
Aaron Mitrano (Season 15)
Mary Ann Salcedo (Seasons 1 - 3)
Gloria Felix (Seasons 4 - 5)
Heather West (Season 6)
Andi Van Willigan (Season 7 - 14)
Christina Wilson (Season 15)
Jean-Philippe Susilovic (Seasons 1 - 7, 11, 12)
James Lukanik (Seasons 8 - 10)
Marino Monferrato (Season 13 -)
Season 1 30 May 2005 – 1 August 2005 (Mondays)
Season 2 12 June 2006 – 14 August 2006 (Mondays)
Season 3 4 June 2007 – 13 August 2007 (Mondays)
Season 4 1 April 2008 – 8 July 2008 (Tuesdays)
Season 5 29 January 2009 – 14 May 2009 (Thursdays)
Season 6 21 July 2009 – 13 October 2009 (Tuesdays)
Season 7 1 June 2010 – 10 August 2010 (Tuesdays)
Season 8 22 September 2010 – 15 December 2010 (Wednesdays)
Season 9 18 July 2011 - 19 September 2011
Season 10 4 June 2012 - 10 September 2012
Season 11 12 March 2013 – 25 July 2013
Season 12 13 March 2014 – 24 July 2014
Season 13 10 September 2014 – 17 December 2014
Season 14 3 March 2015 – 9 June 2015
Season 15 15 January 2016 – 29 April 2016

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Watch Hell's Kitchen Online – At Hulu". Hulu. Retrieved February 11, 2016. 
  2. ^ https://www.facebook.com/notes/fox/fox-announces-fall-premiere-dates-for-the-2014-2015-season/10154342036545557
  3. ^ http://tvimpulse.com/fox-renews-hells-kitchen-through-season-16=28139
  4. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (May 20, 2015). "'Hell's Kitchen' Moves to Tuesday 9PM Timeslot Beginning Next Week". TV By the Numbers. Retrieved June 23, 2015. 
  5. ^ "FOX ANNOUNCES WINTER PREMIERE DATES". FOX.com. Fox Broadcasting Company. Retrieved November 10, 2015. 
  6. ^ Littleton, Cynthia. "Fox Shuffles ‘Second Chance,’ ‘Hell’s Kitchen’ Time Slots". Variety. Littleton, Cynthia. Retrieved January 24, 2016. 
  7. ^ Perkins, Jr. 2011, p. 7.
  8. ^ Perkins, Jr. 2011, p. 5.
  9. ^ "James Lukanik – Hell's Kitchen on FOX". FOX Broadcasting Company. 
  10. ^ a b "HELL'S KITCHEN / Location, Location, Location from "18 Chefs Compete" / FOX BROADCASTING". YouTube. January 4, 2016. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  11. ^ Reality TV Calendar. June 3, 2007. "Hell's Kitchen — Everything You Want To Know".[1]
  12. ^ Latzman, Darrell. Los Angeles Business Journal. June 30, 2003. "KCOP studio sale is latest chapter in duopoly shifting. (Up Front).(Fox Broadcasting puts television studio facility up for sale)".[2]
  13. ^ Kaplan, Don. New York Post. June 29, 2005 (TV Wednesday section). "DRESSED TO GRILL ; 'HELL' ISN'T A REAL RESTAURANT".[3]
  14. ^ Perkins, Jr. 2011, p. 3.
  15. ^ "Is Hell's Kitchen too fake, even for a reality show?". Aoltv.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  16. ^ http://www.realityblurred.com/realitytv/archives/hells_kitchen_6/2009_Sep_02_tek_back
  17. ^ "Joseph Just a Ploy on 'Hell's Kitchen'?". Buddytv.com. July 30, 2009. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  18. ^ Boucher, G. (June 2013). Gordon Ramsay's Bark Worse Than His Bite, Entertainment Weekly
  19. ^ a b c d e f Perkins, Jr. 2011, p. 264.
  20. ^ "'So You Think You Can Dance,' 'Hell's Kitchen' And More: Fox Announces Summer Premiere Dates". Huffingtonpost.com. March 28, 2012. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  21. ^ http://thefutoncritic.com/news/2012/06/18/exclusive-fox-sets-finales-for-masterchef-hells-kitchen-so-you-think-you-can-dance-142313/9834/
  22. ^ Huth, Kelly (May 18, 2012). "Phillipsburg chef to compete on new season of 'Hell's Kitchen'". The Express Times. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Hell's Kitchen winner Ja'Nel Witt loses Las Vegas head chef job after 'failing drug test' (but keeps $250k salary)". Daily Mail. August 24, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2013. /
  24. ^ "About Hell's Kitchen". Facebook. Retrieved December 15, 2015. 
  25. ^ http://www.pressofatlanticcity.com/life/meghan-gill-wins-hell-s-kitchen-to-head-gordon-ramsay/article_e0224dfc-0ec2-11e5-986f-ffdc9f28d554.html
  26. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (May 20, 2015). "'Hell's Kitchen' Moves to Tuesday 9PM Timeslot Beginning Next Week". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved May 20, 2015. 
  27. ^ "FOX ANNOUNCES WINTER PREMIERE DATES". Fox Broadcasting. November 10, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2015. 
  28. ^ "Watch Preview Of New Season Of 'Hell's Kitchen' Friday, Jan. 15". RedCarpetCrash. RedCarpetCrash. Retrieved December 18, 2015. 
  29. ^ Anthony Cuorto (June 16, 2016). ""GOTHAM," "LUCIFER" & MORE PREMIERE DATES SET FOR FOX'S FALL SCHEDULE". Comic Book Resources. 
  30. ^ IMDB "Astra Awards (2009)"
  31. ^ "People's Choice Awards 2011 Nominees". PeoplesChoice.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  32. ^ "2014 Winners – Reality TV Awards". Reality TV Awards. Retrieved November 13, 2015. 
  33. ^ "Winners – Reality TV Awards". Reality TV Awards. Retrieved November 13, 2015. 
  34. ^ "Hell's Kitchen on DVD, Release Info, News at". Tvshowsondvd.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  35. ^ "Hell's Kitchen – Date for 'Season 14: Raw and Uncensored' on DVD...AND on Blu-ray!". TVShowsOnDVD. Lambert, Dave. Retrieved January 14, 2016. 
  36. ^ EzyDVD Search – Hell's Kitchen
  37. ^ "Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 6: Raw & Uncut (4 Disc Set)". Ezydvd.com.au. March 9, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 7: Raw & Uncut (4 Disc Set)". Ezydvd.com.au. May 11, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 8: Raw & Uncut (4 Disc Set)". Ezydvd.com.au. May 11, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  40. ^ http://www.tvshowsondvd.com/news/Hells-Kitchen-Seasons-9-and-10/18870
  41. ^ "Hell's Kitchen: The Game". Hellskitchenvideogame.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  42. ^ "Hell's Kitchen on Facebook". Apps.facebook.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  43. ^ Interview with Frank Rosin
  44. ^ German broadcaster Sat.1 on the Maître d'

External links[edit]