Hell in the Heavens
|Hell in the Heavens|
|Directed by||John G. Blystone|
|Produced by||Al Rockett|
|Screenplay by||Byron Morgan (screenplay)|
Ted Parsons (screenplay)
Jack Yellen(additional dialogue)
Ferdinand Reyher (contributor to screenplay construction) (uncredited)
Herman Rossman (play) (as Hermann Rossmann)
(additional French dialogue) (uncredited)
Frank Wead (contributor to screenplay construction) (uncredited)
Reginald Berkeley (contributor to treatment) (uncredited)
Joe Cunningham (contributor to special sequences: prologue and epilogue) (uncredited)
|Music by||Louis De Francesco|
|Edited by||Margaret Clancey|
|Distributed by||Fox Film Corporation|
Hell in the Heavens is a 1934 American aviation drama film directed by John G. Blystone and written by Byron Morgan, Ted Parsons and Jack Yellen based on a stage lay by . The film stars Warner Baxter, Conchita Montenegro, Russell Hardie, Herbert Mundin, Andy Devine and William Stelling. The film was released on November 9, 1934, by Fox Film Corporation.
During World War I, American ace pilot Lieutenant Steve Warner (Warner Baxter) leads a group of replacements for the French Lafayette Escadrille. Captain Andre DeLaage (William Stack) is in charge but he has lost many pilots shot down by the German ace known only as "The Baron" (Arno Frey).
Steve falls in love with Aimee (Conchita Montenegro), a French girl. After a German air raid, the flyers keep the only bottle of bourbon calling it the "bottle of death" to be used only to toast the downing of German pilots. During a morning patrol, DeLaage is shot down by The Baron, who returns his helmet by parachute. Warner, now in command, vows to bring The Baron down. He shoots down Schroeder (Rudolph Anders), a German officer who tells him that The Baron already shot down 32 flyers. New man, Corporal Teddy May (William Stelling), has repeatedly turned back because of disturbing dreams where he is shot down in flames by The Baron. Steve also has the same dreams of being shot down.
Steve proposes to Aimee but she is afraid for him. In a series of aerial battles, Steve shoots down the Baron's younger brother while the Baron shoots down May, and issues a challenge to Steve. Despite Aimee's pleas, Steve flies alone and during their dogfight, his guns jam, but he drives his aircraft into the Baron, bringing both of them down. Steve drags the Baron to safety and proposes they drink a toast from the "bottle of death," Stephen is surprised to hear the Baron also has dreams of dying.
- Warner Baxter as Lt. Steve Warner
- Conchita Montenegro as Aimee
- Russell Hardie as 2nd Lt. Hartley
- Herbert Mundin as Granny Biggs
- Andy Devine as Sgt. "Ham" Davis
- William Stelling as Cpl. Teddy May
- Ralph Morgan as Lt. "Pop" Roget
- Vince Barnett as Ace McGurk
- William Stack as Capt. Andre De Laage
- J. Carrol Naish as Sgt. Chevalier
- Johnny Arthur as Clarence Perkins
- Arno Frey as Baron Kurt von Hagen
- Rudolph Anders as Lt. Schroeder
- Vincent Carato as Sgt. Cortez
Hell in the Heavens was based on the stage play, Flieger by Hermann Rossman (copyrighted 1931) and the English-language adaptation, The Ace, by Miles Malleson (London, Aug 1933). In adapting the play, the production company (Fox) agreed in writing when they purchased the rights to the play not to make any changes "which shall in tone or form discredit the honour of Germany." Screenwriter Byron Morgan further stated the play was based on the experiences of officers and men in a German flying squadron and those of his co-writer, Ted Parsons, who had been a member of the Lafayette Escadrille. The introduction of a new comic character with Andy Devine as Sgt. "Ham" Davis was the only major departure from the tone of the original play.
Most of the location photography was done at Baker's Ranch in Saugus, California. One of the major locales for the film was a castle that was found at the Fussell Brothers Ranch in Triunfo, California.
Although lukewarm in his personal assessment, The New York Times film reviewer Frank S. Nugent, stated: "Endowed with the talents of Warner Baxter, some excellent aerial photography and the exciting title, "Hell in the Heavens," the film went on view last night at the Mayfair Theatre and seemed to please its audience. Which is to say that the spectators appeared to be no little impressed by the traditional delineation of the heroism, hysteria and humor that are common to most cinematic flying squadrons."
- Garland-Lincoln LF-1, Model N12237 was featured in Hell in the Heavens (1934), Dawn Patrol (1938), and Men with Wings (1938). It was later used by Frank Tallman and Paul Mantz in other film and television work.
- Garland Lincoln, pilot and aircraft designer was retained as a technical assistant for Hell in the Heavens.
- "Detail view: Hell in the Heavens." Afi.com. Retrieved: May 20, 2019.
- "Screenplay info: Hell in the Heavens (1934)." TCM.com. Retrieved: May 20, 2019.
- "Notes: Hell in the Heavens (1934)." TCM.com. Retrieved: May 20, 2019.
- "Overview: Hell in the Heavens (1934)." TCM.com. Retrieved: May 20, 2019.
- AAHS Journal, Volume 51, 2006.
- "Garland-Lincoln History." garlandlincoln.com, November 5, 2012.
- Beck 2016, p. 112.
- Nugent, Frank S. (F.S.N.) "Movie Review: Hell in the Heavens; Again the Escadrille." The New York Times (NYTimes.com). Retrieved: May 20. 2019.