Hellboy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Hellboy novels)
Jump to: navigation, search
Hellboy
Hellboy
Hellboy, by Mike Mignola.
Publication information
Publisher Dark Horse Comics
First appearance Dime Press #4 (Mar. 1993): 1st Hellboy prototype app., cover only
San Diego Comic Con Comics #2 (Aug. 1993): 1st full Hellboy app., black & white only
Next Men #21 (Dec. 1993): 1st app. in a regularly published title, 1st color app.
Created by Mike Mignola
In-story information
Alter ego Anung un Rama
Place of origin East Bromwich, UK
Team affiliations B.P.R.D.
Partnerships Abe Sapien
Liz Sherman
Johann Kraus
Notable aliases World Destroyer, Great Beast, Beast of the Apocalypse, Right Hand of Doom, Son of the Fallen One, Brother Red, Red, Man-Beast, Mane
Abilities

Hellboy is a fictional superhero created by writer-artist Mike Mignola. The character first appeared in San Diego Comic-Con Comics #2 (August 1993), and has since appeared in various eponymous miniseries, one-shots and intercompany crossovers. The character has been adapted into two live-action feature films in 2004 and 2008 that starred Ron Perlman in the title role, and two straight-to-DVD animated films, as well as three video games – Asylum Seeker, The Science of Evil, and recently as a playable character in Injustice 2.

A well-meaning half-demon whose true name is Anung Un Rama ("and upon his brow is set a crown of flame"), Hellboy was summoned from Hell to Earth as a baby on October 5th (given as his birth date by Mike Mignola[1]) by Nazi occultists (spawning his hatred for Nazis). He was discovered by the Allied Forces; amongst them, Professor Trevor Bruttenholm, who formed the United States Bureau for Paranormal Research and Defense (B.P.R.D.). In time, Hellboy grew to be a large, red-skinned adult with a tail, horns (which he files off, leaving behind circular stumps on his forehead), cloven hooves for feet, and an oversized right hand made of stone (the "Right Hand of Doom"). He has been described as smelling of dry-roasted peanuts. Although a bit gruff, he shows none of the malevolence thought to be intrinsic to classical demons, and has an ironic sense of humor. This is said to be because of his upbringing under Professor Bruttenholm, who raised him as a normal boy.

Hellboy works for the B.P.R.D., an international non-governmental agency, and for himself against dark forces including Nazis and witches, in a series of tales that have their roots in folklore, pulp magazines, vintage adventure, Lovecraftian horror and horror fiction. In earlier stories, he is identified as the "World's Greatest Paranormal Investigator."

Fictional character biography[edit]

Hellboy, or "Anung Un Rama," as he was called, was conceived on October 5, 1617, the day his birth-mother Sarah Hughes was on her deathbed. In life, Sarah was a witch who gained her powers from being a consort of the demon Azzael, a duke of Hell who is Hellboy's "biological" father. Taking Sarah's body to hell when she attempted to repent on her deathbed within a church in East Bromwich, England, Azzael burned her away so their child would be born, and chopped off the newborn's right hand to replace it with the "Right Hand of Doom," a relic tied to the Ogdru Jahad. When the other princes of Hell learned of his actions, Azzael sent his half-demon child away while he was stripped of his powers and imprisoned in ice (like Lucifer in Dante's Divine Comedy).

The child is eventually summoned to Earth in the final months of World War II by the "Mad Monk" Grigori Rasputin on Tarmagant Island, off the coast of Scotland, having been commissioned by the Nazis to change the tide of a losing war ("Project Ragna Rok"). As a direct result of this ritual, the child appears on Earth in a fireball at what remained of the ruined Bromwich Church on December 23, 1944. Proving not to be a devil, in the traditional sense, but a devil-like creature, the child was dubbed "Hellboy" by Professor Trevor "Broom" Bruttenholm.[2]

Taken by the United States Armed Forces to an Air Force base in New Mexico, Hellboy is raised by Professor Bruttenholm and the United States Army where the Bureau for Paranormal Research and Defense (BPRD), a private organization dedicated to combating occult threats, begins. Due to the success of his first mission in 1952, Hellboy is granted "honorary human" status by the United Nations and becomes a member of the BPRD as the "world's greatest paranormal investigator".[3] As such, Hellboy interacts regularly with humans, primarily law enforcement officials, the military, and various "scholars of the weird", most of whom are not presented as overtly reacting to his strange appearance.

As an adult, having matured physically within years and aging slowly while having a teenaged mind, Hellboy becomes the primary agent for the BPRD, alongside other human and quasi-human agents that include Kate Corrigan, a professor of folklore at New York University; Abe Sapien, an amphibian humanoid (Ichthyo sapiens); and Liz Sherman, a young pyrokinetic. Things change for Hellboy during the events of Seed of Destruction when he finds Professor Bruttenholm after he disappears in an expedition in the Arctic, and witnesses his adopted father's death at the hands of a Lovecraftian frog monster. The search takes Hellboy, Abe and Liz to the Cavendish Hall mansion, which is a trap established by Rasputin to lure Hellboy into an embrace of his own "destiny," with the assistance of Sadu-Hem: one of the spawn of the Ogdru Jahad. Controlled by the spirit of one of the ancestral Cavendish men, Abe impales Rasputin. Liz's firestorm then incinerates Rasputin's body alongside Sadu-Hem's, and destroys Cavendish Hall. Soon after, during a visit to Bromwich Church, Hellboy gets a glimpse of his conception 300+ years ago, and learns he has two human half siblings: a nun and a priest whose spirits haunt the church after their deaths, attempting to stop Azzael from claiming Sarah.

During the events of Hellboy: Wake the Devil, Hellboy's journey of self-discovery leads him to Romania to investigate the theft of an ancient box containing the corpse of Vladimir Giurescu, a Napoleonic officer who was in fact a vampire before he was "killed" on the order of a fearful Adolf Hitler. The culprit of the theft is revealed to be Ilsa Haupstein, one of the surviving members of Project Ragna Rok, who was revived from suspended animation and then aided in Giurescu's resurrection. Finding Castle Giurescu after splitting up with the other search groups, Hellboy learns that the source of Giurescu's rebirth is the ancient goddess Hecate. Though Hellboy destroys Hecate's original body, he faces her again after Rasputin unintentionally provides her with Ilsa's iron-maiden encased body. Hecate swallows Hellboy, but he returns to his own reality after he denounces the dark purpose he was born to perform.

Hellboy later learns that Liz is dying after losing her powers when she accidentally revived a homunculus while searching another location for Giurescu, finding Roger in the events of Hellboy: Almost Colossus as he convinces the homunculus to save Liz's life. Following the events of the Hellboy: The Right Hand of Doom, gaining insight about his stone hand and being referenced as a harbinger of the Apocalypse, Hellboy is accompanied by Abe to hunt down the warlock Igor Bromhead in Box Full of Evil. But it turned out to be a trap conducted by Bromhead and the demon Ualac to capture Hellboy so that the latter can claim Hellboy's normally invisible Crown of the Apocalypse. But this act allows Hellboy to no longer be controlled by his true name as he kills Ualac's mortal body before the demon and the crown are taken to Hell by the demon Astaroth, who is later revealed to be Hellboy's paternal uncle.

In the aftermath of Hellboy: Conqueror Worm, assisted by the ghost of Lobster Johnson, Roger, and Abe, a disillusioned Hellboy resigns from the Bureau before it later gains new agents in Johann Kraus, the spirit of a German medium kept in a containment suit; and Captain Ben Daimio, a special operations soldier that became an Olmec were-jaguar. From there, Hellboy decides to find out the truth of his existence once and for all. But, as revealed in Hellboy: Strange Places, Hellboy ends up being stranded on an island where he inadvertently resurrected an ancient mystic who gained knowledge of the secret history of the creation of Ogdru Jahad and the Right Hand of Doom.

Six years later, as Hellboy: Darkness Calls opens, Hellboy's search takes him to England where he finds himself in the middle of a power vacuum caused by Bromhead incapacitating Hecate in Italy. Refusing to serve the witches as their king, Hellboy ends up in the dimension of Baba Yaga, a witch whom he encountered in the past and happens to be an ally of Rasputin's. Managing to defeat Baba Yaga's champion Koshchei, Hellboy returns to his reality and is led to Bromhead after he became monstrous and in agony from his attempt to take Hecate's powers for his own. Hellboy gives Bromhead a merciful death before returning to England during the events of Hellboy: The Wild Hunt where he encounters Alice Monaghan, a young woman he saved as a baby from a fairy named Gruagach who has revived the lunatic sorceress Nimue to fill the void left by Hecate.

During that time, Hellboy encounters the spirit of Morgana le Fay who reveals to Hellboy both the names of his parents and that Sarah Hughes was her descendant, which names Hellboy as the last living heir to Arthur Pendragon and the rightful king of England.[4] But as he also learns from Astaroth that he is destined to kill Satan and become the new king of Hell, Hellboy is reluctant to wield Excalibur and the army of undead British nobility amassed to face Nimue's army. Therefore, enlisting Baba Yaga's assistance with his eye as payment for the injury he did to her in their first meeting, Hellboy decides to face Nimue one-on-one in the events of Hellboy: The Storm and the Fury. But in the aftermath of his battle with Nimue, who was possessed by Ogdru Jahad at the time, Hellboy is killed by the witch in her final moments. As revealed in Hellboy in Hell, Hellboy ends up trapped in Hell, where he encounters what's left of his demonic kin and the souls of the damned, and ultimately comes to terms with the destiny he's been shrugging off his whole life.

Powers and abilities[edit]

Afforded by his demonic heritage as well as extensive physical training and bodybuilding, Hellboy possess superhuman strength that exceeds the 1 ton base limit, endurance, a degree of resistance to injury, and a healing factor that allows him to heal quickly from virtually all bodily injuries as well as renders him immune to all diseases. He also has the innate ability to comprehend ancient and magical languages. The extent of his strength is unclear, but he has torn down a large tree and hurled it at an opponent and has lifted massive stones. He has also picked up and thrown opponents weighing at least four to five hundred pounds. Hellboy has a high degree of resilience to injury. He can withstand powerful blows that would severely injure or kill a human. He survived being shot many times in the chest with an MG 42 machine gun before destroying it.[5] He has survived being impaled through the chest with a sword, severe werewolf mauling, being beaten unconscious with heavy iron tongs, falling from extreme heights, being crushed by boulders, and more. In the film version it is stated that Hellboy is immune to all forms of fire and burns, including Liz Sherman's flames, and electrocution. Despite his ability to quickly recover from seemingly mortal wounds, he is far from invulnerable, and can be injured or bloodied by conventional weapons. It is revealed to Baba Yaga by the dead Russian nobility that Hellboy may not be slain even through supernatural means and that he appears to be as deathless as her warrior, Koschei the Deathless.[6] In the films, Hellboy has shown skill in necromancy, animating a man's dead body so that it could give him directions.

Hellboy ages very differently from humans. In the story Pancakes he is two years old but appears to be somewhere between 6 and 10 human years old. In Nature of the Beast, set in 1954, the ten-year-old Hellboy appears fully grown. His rapid physical maturation is in contrast to his actual rate of aging however, which seems to be much slower than humans. Throughout the sixty-year span of time depicted in the comics, he does not age beyond the plateau of physical maturity. This mystical aging process is similar to the other demons and supernatural beings that populate Hellboy's world. The lifespan of a Demon, or Half-demon as Hellboy's mother was human, are left undefined within the comics and seem to range from decades to many thousands of years. In the movies, Hellboy's aging process is described by BRPD as "reverse dog years".

In addition to his natural physical abilities, Hellboy carries a variety of items in his utility belt and jacket that can be used against various supernatural forces. He has been known to carry holy relics, horseshoes, various herbs, and hand grenades. Though he commonly carries an oversized revolver, Hellboy freely admits to being a lousy shot and often fights hand-to-hand, preferring to use short-ranged physical weapons like swords, spears, and his massive stone fist over firearms. Hellboy's lack of formal combat training and education is compensated for by his decades of experience as a paranormal investigator, though encounters with unfamiliar threats have often forced him to resort to improvisation and using his wits.

Right Hand of Doom[edit]

As revealed in Strange Places, Hellboy's right hand was originally the right hand of Anum, one of the "greater spirits" that watched over the burgeoning Earth and created the Ogdru Jahad. After sealing the Ogdru Jahad away, Anum was destroyed by his fellow spirits. Only his right hand remained intact as it was kept and preserved by many races throughout history, including the first race of man. The Right Hand of Doom eventually ended up in the possession of Azzael before he grafted it onto the newborn Hellboy.

As the hand which created and bound the Ogdru Jahad, it is also the key which will "loose and command" them; in other words, it is a catalyst that will bring about Ragnarok. The comic books themselves never mention how the Right Hand of Doom would actually perform these tasks; it is only ever announced that this is the case and that someone or something intends to do it with or without Hellboy's consent. The film shows it working like a key: being turned twice in a special obelisk secured by Rasputin would release the Ogdru Jahad. It is made clear that it is not necessary for the arm to be attached to Hellboy to perform its duties. It has been suggested that if Hellboy dies while the Hand is attached to him, it would become useless. He has therefore concluded that the only way to prevent its falling into the wrong hands is to keep and protect it.

Concept and creation[edit]

Hellboy originated with a drawing Mike Mignola did at a comic book convention of a demon with the name "Hellboy" written on his belt. The demon itself bears virtually no resemblance to Hellboy, and Mignola had no intention of doing anything serious with the concept, but later decided he liked the name.[7]

Later, Mignola became interested in doing a creator-owned comic, as he felt it made more sense to create his own characters for the stories he wanted to tell, rather than trying to shoehorn existing characters into these stories. Mignola elaborated, "The kinds of stories I wanted to do I had in mind before I created Hellboy. It’s not like I created Hellboy and said, 'Hey, now what does this guy do?' I knew the kinds of stories I wanted to do, but just needed a main guy." He initially created Hellboy as part of a team of five, but scrapped this idea when he realized he could not think of any team names that he liked.[7]

Much like other American comic book superheroes such as Batman, Spider-Man, Wolverine, Daredevil, and Spawn, Hellboy is constantly tormented by the knowledge of his past. One example being in Wake the Devil where he describes his mindset since the aftermath of Seed of Destruction by saying, "I like not knowing. I've gotten by for fifty-two years without knowing. I sleep good not knowing."

Publication history[edit]

Before Hellboy was published independently at Dark Horse Comics, the concept was initially pitched to a board of directors for DC Comics, who loved it, but did not like the idea of it involving "Hell".[dead link][8]

The early stories were conceived and drawn by Mignola with a script written by John Byrne and some later stories have been crafted by creators other than Mignola, including Christopher Golden, Guy Davis, Ryan Sook, and Duncan Fegredo. The increasing commitments from the Hellboy franchise meant that the 2008 one-shot In the Chapel of Moloch was the first Hellboy comic Mignola had provided the script and art for since The Island in 2005.[9]

Issues[edit]

Hellboy has an internal numbering on the inside cover of its issues. Below are the stories listed by their internal numbering for the comics.

Issue Title Date Story Art Colors Cover Collection Notes
#1 Seed of Destruction March, 1994 Mike Mignola (story)
John Byrne (script)
Mike Mignola Mark Chiarello Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy - Volume 1:
    Seed of Destruction
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 1
#2 April, 1994
#3 May, 1994
#4 June, 1994
#5 The Wolves of Saint August November, 1994 Mike Mignola James Sinclair Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy - Volume 3:
    The Chained Coffin and Others
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 2
The Wolves of Saint August originally appeared in Dark Horse Presents. It is reprinted and expanded here.
#6 The Corpse and the Iron Shoes January, 1996 Mike Mignola Matthew Hollingsworth
and James Sinclair
Mike Mignola The Corpse originally appeared in the Advance Comics catalog. It is reprinted here.
#7 Wake the Devil June, 1996 Mike Mignola James Sinclair Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy - Volume 2:
    Wake the Devil
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 1
#8 July, 1996
#9 August, 1996
#10 September, 1996
#11 October, 1996
#12 Almost Colossus July 30, 1997 Mike Mignola James Sinclair Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy - Volume 3:
    The Chained Coffin and Others
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 2
#13 June 25, 1997
#14 A Christmas Underground
(in the Hellboy Christmas Special)
December 3, 1997 Mike Mignola Dave Stewart Gary Gianni This was a one-shot anthology featuring
the work of Mike Mignola, Gary Gianni
and Steve Purcell.
#15 Box Full of Evil August 11, 1999 Mike Mignola Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy - Volume 4:
    The Right Hand of Doom
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 2
#16 September 8, 1999
#17 Conqueror Worm May 9, 2001 Mike Mignola Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy - Volume 5:
    Conqueror Worm
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 3
#18 June 13, 2001
#19 July 11, 2001
#20 August 8, 2001
#21 The Third Wish July 24, 2002 Mike Mignola Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy - Volume 6:
    Strange Places
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 3
#22 August 21, 2002
#23 The Island June 22, 2005 Mike Mignola Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
#24 July 27, 2005
#25 Makoma February 1, 2006 Mike Mignola Richard Corben
with Mike Mignola
Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy - Volume 7:
    The Troll Witch and Others
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 4
#26 March 1, 2006 Richard Corben
#27 Darkness Calls May 2, 2007 Mike Mignola Duncan Fegredo Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy - Volume 8:
    Darkness Calls
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 5
#28 May 30, 2007
#29 June 27, 2007
#30 July 25, 2007
#31 August 29, 2007
#32 November 7, 2007
#33 The Crooked Man July 2, 2008 Mike Mignola Richard Corben Dave Stewart Richard Corben
  • Hellboy - Volume 10:
    The Crooked Man and Others
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 4
#34 August 13, 2008
#35 September 24, 2008
#36 In the Chapel of Moloch October 29, 2008 Mike Mignola Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
#37 The Wild Hunt December 3, 2008 Mike Mignola Duncan Fegredo Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy - Volume 9:
    The Wild Hunt
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 5
#38 January 7, 2009 BACKUP STORY
How Koshchei Became Deathless
STORY
Mike Mignola
ART
Guy Davis
#39 February 11, 2009
#40 March 4, 2009 BACKUP STORY
Baba Yaga's Feast
STORY
Mike Mignola
ART
Guy Davis
#41 August 12, 2009 Features a MonsterMen backup by Gary Gianni. Not a part of the Hellboy Universe.
#42 September 9, 2009
#43 October 14, 2009 BACKUP STORY
The Burial of Katharine Baker
STORY
Scott Allie
ART
Patric Reynolds
#44 November 11, 2009
#45 The Bride of Hell December 23, 2009 Mike Mignola Richard Corben Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy - Volume 11:
    The Bride of Hell and Others
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 6
#46 Hellboy in Mexico May 5, 2010 Mike Mignola Richard Corben Dave Stewart Richard Corben
Mike Mignola (variant)
#47 The Storm July 7, 2010 Mike Mignola Duncan Fegredo Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy - Volume 12:
    The Storm and the Fury
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 6
#48 August 4, 2010
#49 September 1, 2010
#50 Double Feature of Evil November 17, 2010 Mike Mignola Richard Corben Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
Richard Corben (variant)
  • Hellboy - Volume 11:
    The Bride of Hell and Others
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 6
#51 The Sleeping and the Dead December 29, 2010 Mike Mignola Scott Hampton Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
Scott Hampton (variant)
#52 February 2, 2011 Mike Mignola
#53 Buster Oakley Gets His Wish April 13, 2011 Mike Mignola Kevin Nowlan Kevin Nowlan
Dave Stewart (variant cover)
Kevin Nowlan
Mike Mignola (variant)
#54 Being Human May 11, 2011 Mike Mignola Richard Corben Dave Stewart Richard Corben
  • B.P.R.D.: Being Human
#55 The Fury June 1, 2011 Mike Mignola Duncan Fegredo Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
Francesco Francavilla (variant)
  • Hellboy - Volume 12:
    The Storm and the Fury
  • Hellboy Library Edition - Volume 6
#56 July 13, 2011 Mike Mignola
#57 August 10, 2011

Issues: Hellboy in Hell[edit]

Hellboy in Hell is a finished series with its own numbering.

Issue Title Date Story & Art Colors Cover Collection
#1 The Descent December 5, 2012 Mike Mignola Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy in Hell - Volume 1:
    The Descent
#2 Pandemonium January 2, 2013
#3 Family Ties February 6, 2013
#4 Death Riding an Elephant March 6, 2013
#5 The Three Gold Whips December 4, 2013
#6 The Death Card May 14, 2014
  • Hellboy in Hell - Volume 2:
    The Death Card
#7 The Hounds of Pluto August 26, 2015
#8 September 23, 2015
#9 The Spanish Bride May 4, 2016
#10 For Whom the Bell Tolls June 1, 2016

Issues: Hellboy and the B.P.R.D.[edit]

Hellboy and the B.P.R.D. is an ongoing series of miniseries.

Issue Title Date Story Art Colors Cover Collection
1952
#1 1952 December 3, 2014 Mike Mignola
and John Arcudi
Alex Maleev Dave Stewart Alex Maleev
Mike Mignola (variant)
  • Hellboy and the B.P.R.D.:
    1952
#2 January 7, 2015 Alex Maleev
#3 February 4, 2015
#4 March 4, 2015
#5 April 1, 2015
1953
#6 The Phantom Hand
& The Kelpie
October 28, 2015 Mike Mignola Ben Stenbeck Dave Stewart Mike Mignola
  • Hellboy and the B.P.R.D.:
    1953
#7 The Witch Tree
& Rawhead and Bloody Bones
November 25, 2015
#8 Beyond the Fences February 24, 2016 Mike Mignola
and Chris Roberson
Paolo Rivera (pencils)
Joe Rivera (inks)
Paolo Rivera
#9 March 23, 2016
#10 April 27, 2016
1954
#11 The Black Sun September 21, 2016 Mike Mignola
and Chris Roberson
Stephen Green Dave Stewart Mike Huddleston
  • Hellboy and the B.P.R.D.:
    1954
#12 October 19, 2016
#13 The Unreasoning Beast November 23, 2016 Patric Reynolds
#14 Ghost Moon March 8, 2017 Brian Churilla
#15 April 12, 2017
1955
#15 Secret Nature August 9, 2017 Mike Mignola
and Chris Roberson
Shawn Martinbrough Dave Stewart Shawn Martinbrough
#16 Occult Intelligence September 13, 2017 Brian Churilla Paolo Rivera

Original Graphic Novels: Hellboy[edit]

Special stories were created for hardcover original graphic novels.

Title Story Art Colors Cover Published ISBN
House of the Living Dead Mike Mignola Richard Corben Dave Stewart Mike Mignola November 2, 2011 9781595827579
The Midnight Circus Duncan Fegredo October 23, 2013 9781616552381
Into the Silent Sea Mike Mignola
and Gary Gianni
Gary Gianni April 19, 2017 9781506701431

Trade Paperbacks: Hellboy[edit]

All in-continuity Hellboy comics are collected in trade paperbacks.

Number Title Collects Published ISBN
1 Seed of Destruction
  • Seed of Destruction
    (4-issue miniseries)
  • Mike Mignola's Hellboy
    (promo from San Diego Comic-Con Comics #2)
  • Mike Mignola's Hellboy:
    World's Greatest Paranormal Investigator

    (promo from Comics Buyer's Guide #1070)
Original Cover:
October 1, 1994
9781569713167
Hardcover Limited Edition:
March 1, 1995
9781569710517
Standardized cover:
February 4, 2004
9781593070946
2 Wake the Devil
  • Wake the Devil
    (5-issue miniseries)
Original Cover:
June 11, 1997
9781569712269
Standardized cover:
February 4, 2004
9781593070953
3 The Chained Coffin and Others Original Cover:
August 5, 1998
9781569713495
Standardized cover:
February 4, 2004
9781593070915
4 The Right Hand of Doom
  • Pancakes
    (short story)
  • The Nature of the Beast
    (from Dark Horse Presents #151)
  • King Vold
    (short story)
  • Heads
    (short story)
  • Goodbye, Mister Tod
    (short story)
  • The Vârcolac
    (serialized short)
  • The Right Hand of Doom
    (short story)
  • Box Full of Evil
    (2-issue miniseries)
Original Cover:
April 26, 2000
9781569714898
Standardized cover:
February 4, 2004
9781593070939
5 Conqueror Worm
  • Conqueror Worm
    (4-issue miniseries)
Original Cover:
February 27, 2002
9781569716991
Standardized cover:
February 4, 2004
9781593070922
6 Strange Places
  • The Third Wish
    (2-issue miniseries)
  • The Island
    (2-issue miniseries)
April 26, 2006 9781593074753
7 The Troll Witch and Others
  • The Penanggalan
    (short story)
  • The Hydra and The Lion
    (short story)
  • The Troll-Witch
    (short story)
  • Dr. Carp's Experiment
    (short story)
  • The Ghoul
    (short story)
  • The Vampire of Prague
    (short story)
  • Makoma
    (2-issue miniseries)
October 3, 2007 9781593078607
8 Darkness Calls
  • Darkness Calls
    (6-issue miniseries)
May 16, 2008 9781593078966
9 The Wild Hunt
  • The Wild Hunt
    (8-issue miniseries)
March 10, 2010 9781595824318
10 The Crooked Man and Others
  • The Crooked Man
    (3-issue miniseries)
  • They That Go Down to the Sea in Ships
    (one shot)
  • In the Chapel of Moloch
    (one shot)
  • The Mole
    (short story)
June 9, 2010 9781595824776
11 The Bride of Hell and Others
  • Hellboy in Mexico
    (one shot)
  • Double Feature of Evil
    (one shot)
  • The Sleeping and the Dead
    (2-issue miniseries)
  • The Bride of Hell
    (one shot)
  • The Whittier Legacy
    (short story)
  • Buster Oakley Gets His Wish
    (one shot)
October 5, 2011 9781595827401
12 The Storm and the Fury
  • The Storm
    (3-issue miniseries)
  • The Fury
    (3-issue miniseries)
March 7, 2012 9781595828279
Hellboy in Mexico
  • Hellboy in Mexico
    (one shot)
  • House of the Living Dead
    (original graphic novel)
  • Hellboy versus the Aztec Mummy
    (short story)
  • Hellboy Gets Married
    (short story)
  • The Coffin Man
    (short story)
  • The Coffin Man 2: The Rematch
    (short story)
April 13, 2016 9781616558970

Trade Paperbacks: Hellboy in Hell[edit]

All Hellboy in Hell comics are collected in trade paperbacks.

Number Title Collects Published ISBN
1 The Descent[10]
  • Hellboy in Hell #1–5
May 14, 2014 9781616554446
2 The Death Card
  • Hellboy in Hell #6–10
  • The Exorcist of Vorsk
    (short story)
October 5, 2016 9781506701134

Trade Paperbacks: Hellboy and the B.P.R.D.[edit]

All Hellboy and the B.P.R.D. comics are collected in trade paperbacks.

Title Collects Published ISBN
1952
  • 1952
    (5-issue arc)
August 12, 2015 9781616556600
1953
  • The Phantom Hand
    (short story)
  • Rawhead and Bloody Bones
    (short story)
  • The Witch Tree
    (short story)
  • The Kelpie
    (short story)
  • Wandering Souls
    (short story)
  • Beyond the Fences
    (3-issue arc)
August 10, 2016 9781616559670
1954
  • The Mirror
    (short story)
  • Black Sun
    (2-issue arc)
  • The Unreasoning Beast
    (one shot)
  • Ghost Moon
    (2-issue arc)
January 10, 2018 9781506702070

Library editions[edit]

These editions collect the stories in the size they were originally drawn.

Volume Collects Published ISBN
1
  • Seed of Destruction
  • Wake the Devil
May 7, 2008 9781593079109
2
  • The Chained Coffin and Others
  • The Right Hand of Doom
October 8, 2008 9781593079895
3
  • Conqueror Worm
  • Strange Places
September 23, 2009 9781595823526
4
  • The Crooked Man and Others
  • The Troll Witch and Others
June 15, 2011 9781595826589
5
  • Darkness Calls
  • The Wild Hunt
July 11, 2012 9781595828866
6
  • The Storm and the Fury
  • The Bride of Hell and Others
June 12, 2013 9781616551339
Hellboy
in Hell
  • The Descent
  • The Death Card
October 4, 2017 9781506703633


Omnibus editions[edit]

These editions collect the complete Hellboy series in chronological order.

Volume Collects Published ISBN
Hellboy Omnibus Volume 1: Seed of Destruction
  • Seed of Destruction (4-issue miniseries)
  • Wake the Devil (5-issue miniseries)
  • The Wolves of St August (short story)
  • The Chained Coffin (short story)
  • Almost Colossus (2-issue miniseries)
June 5, 2018 9781506706665
Hellboy Omnibus Volume 2: Strange Places
  • Conqueror Worm (4-issue miniseries)
  • The Third Wish (2-issue miniseries)
  • The Island (2-issue miniseries)
  • Into the Silent Sea (OGN)
  • The Right Hand of Doom (short story)
  • Box Full of Evil (short story)
Summer 2018
Hellboy Omnibus Volume 3: The Wild Hunt
  • Darkness Calls (6-issue miniseries)
  • The Wild Hunt (8-issue miniseries)
  • The Storm (3-issue miniseries)
  • The Fury (3-issue miniseries)
  • The Mole (short story)
Fall 2018
Hellboy Omnibus Volume 4: Hellboy in Hell
  • The Descent (Hellboy in Hell #1-5)
  • The Death Card (Hellboy in Hell #6-10)
  • The Magician and the Snake (short story)
  • The Hounds of Pluto (short story)
  • The Three Gold Whips (one shot)
  • The Exorcist of Vorsk (short story)
Winter 2019
Volume Collects Published ISBN
Complete Short Stories, Volume 1
  • The Corpse (short story)
  • Pancakes (short story)
  • The Nature of the Beast (short story)
  • King Vold (short story)
  • The Penanggalan (short story)
  • The Crooked Man (3-issue miniseries)
  • Hellboy in Mexico (one shot)
  • Double Feature of Evil (one shot)
  • Hellboy versus the Aztec Mummy (short story)
  • Hellboy Gets Married (short story)
  • The Coffin Man (short story)
  • The Coffin Man 2: The Rematch (short story)
  • The Midnight Circus (OGN)
  • House of the Living Dead (OGN)
June 5, 2018 9781506706641
Complete Short Stories, Volume 2
  • The Hydra and the Lion (short story)
  • The Troll Witch (short story)
  • The Baba Yag (short story)
  • The Sleeping and the Dead (short story)
  • Heads (short story)
  • Goodbye Mister Tod (short story)
  • The Vârcolac (short story)
  • The Vampire of Prague (short story)
  • The Bride of Hell (one shot)
  • The Whittier Legacy (short story)
  • Buster Oakley Gets His Wish (one shot)
  • They That Go Down to the Sea in Ships (one shot)
  • A Christmas Underground (short story)
  • Dr. Carp’s Experiment (short story)
  • The Ghoul (short story)
  • In the Chapel of Moloch (one shot)
  • Makoma (2-issue miniseries)
Fall 2018

Other trade paperbacks[edit]

Other appearances[edit]

Beyond the Hellboy comic and its associated spin-offs, Hellboy has made appearances in other publications:

Great Salt Lake Comic-Con pamphlet[edit]

The character name "Hell Boy" was included in a drawing by Mike Mignola of a demon character in a black and white illustration, with the later recognized name appearing on the demon's belt buckle. This image, accompanied by a short biography of Mike Mignola and his latest creation, appeared in the pamphlet in 1991. It is the first published mention of the later recognized name. This image was reprinted in The Art of Hellboy.

Dime Press[edit]

A prototype incarnation of Hellboy appeared on the cover of Dime Press #4 (Glamour International Production, 1993), an obscure Italian fanzine, with "Hellboy©Mignola 93" written at the bottom of the cover. The cover, illustrated by Mignola and by the Italian artist Nicola Mari, show Hellboy in the act of attacking a "diabolic" version of the Italian SF comic book character Nathan Never (with bat wings and pointed tail). Mari at the time was one of the artists that worked on Nathan Never, and the first two years of life of this comic were the main topic of the fanzine. With the exception of the cover, there is no other mention of Hellboy within the fanzine. The character shown was still in a draft stage, and although close to the final design of Hellboy, it had gray skin and an outfit not common to the character.

San Diego Comic-Con Comics[edit]

Mike Mignola's Hellboy by Mike Mignola and John Byrne featured the character's first full appearance, and was a four-page black-and-white story that had an approximately 1,500 book print run. It was published by Dark Horse Comics in San Diego Comic-Con Comics #2 (August 1993) for distribution at the San Diego Comic-Con convention held in San Diego, California.[11]

Hellboy travels to an American ghost town, where he encounters a mangy mutt that transforms into Anubis, the Ancient Egyptian god of mummification.[12]

The story was collected in the trade paperback Hellboy: Seed of Destruction.[13]

Next Men[edit]

Hellboy makes a guest appearance in John Byrne's Next Men #21; this is the first American appearance in a full color cameo.

Comics Buyer's Guide[edit]

Mike Mignola's Hellboy: World's Greatest Paranormal Investigator by Mike Mignola and John Byrne featured the character's next solo appearance. It was published by Dark Horse Comics in a special four-page mini-comic for distribution in Comics Buyer's Guide #1,070 (May 20, 1994).[14]

In the story Hellboy battles with the disembodied head of Nazi scientist Herman von Klempt and his puppet henchman Brutus the Gorilla to rescue a captive girl from the doctor's transference of nutrient fluids process.[12]

The story was collected in the trade paperback Hellboy: Seed of Destruction.[13]

Celebrate Diversity[edit]

Hi, My Name is Hellboy by Mike Mignola was a one-page panel ad that related the characters fictional origins. It was published by Diamond Comic Distributors in catalog supplement Celebrate Diversity collector's edition (October 1994).[15] The ad was collected in the trade paperback The Art of Hellboy.

Hellboy: The First 20 Years was published 1 April 2014.

In other media[edit]

Film[edit]

Ron Perlman as Hellboy

Hellboy (2004)[edit]

Guillermo del Toro co-wrote and directed a Hellboy feature film in 2004, sharing the credit with the original screenwriter Peter Briggs following Writers Guild of America arbitration.[16] Del Toro, a fan of Mike Mignola's work, had previously written the preface to Hellboy: Conqueror Worm.

The film starred Ron Perlman as Hellboy (the favorite of both del Toro and Mignola for the role), Selma Blair as Liz Sherman, Rupert Evans as FBI Special Agent John Myers (a character created for the film), John Hurt as Professor Trevor Bruttenholm, Doug Jones as Abe Sapien (voiced by an uncredited David Hyde Pierce), Karel Roden as Grigori Rasputin, and Jeffrey Tambor as FBI Senior Special Agent Tom Manning. The film depicts Hellboy as living at the BPRD with a dozen cats and limited access to the outside world, and considered an urban legend by the general populace.

The film received generally positive reviews, and a fair performance at the box office. However, the film debuted in theaters while The Passion of the Christ was still playing, and, according to del Toro's DVD commentary, some theaters would re-title the film on their signs, or outright refuse to play it to avoid running a "devil" movie against The Passion of the Christ.

Yvonne Navarro wrote the novelization for the Hellboy movie which was published by Pocket Star Books in 2004.

Hellboy II: The Golden Army (2008)[edit]

A sequel, Hellboy II: The Golden Army, was shot in Budapest by Guillermo del Toro and released in 2008, with Perlman and Blair returning.[17] Jones also returned as Abe Sapien (undubbed this time), and also in two other roles: The Angel of Death and The Chamberlain.[18] Revolution Studios had planned on making the film (which Columbia Pictures was to distribute), but the studio went out of business before filming. Universal Studios then picked it up. The plot is a shift to more folklore rather than action, with heavy European overtones. The character of Johann Krauss was added to the team, voiced by Seth MacFarlane. The character Roger the Homunculus was not, but he was written into the plot as a very prominent character in early drafts of the script. The character of Agent Myers from the first film does not return, his absence being explained by Liz remarking that Hellboy had him transferred to Antarctica out of jealousy. Hellboy also reveals himself to the outside world in this film, and Liz is revealed to be pregnant with his children, twins. On November 11, 2008, Hellboy II: The Golden Army was released on DVD.

Canceled sequel[edit]

A sequel for Hellboy: The Golden Army was in development in 2009, entitled Hellboy III: Dark Worlds, with Guillermo del Toro slated to return as the film's director and writer as well as Ron Perlman, Doug Jones, Seth MacFarlane, Selma Blair and Jeffrey Tambor were set to reprise their roles. In the sequel, Hellboy would live his normal life as a father for his two newborn twins with Liz Sherman, but also has to face an extremely powerful enemy who wishes to rule and bring the darkness upon Earth. In 2017, it was announced that the sequel was canceled due to the difficulty of funding the film, and a reboot would happen instead.

Reboot[edit]

In May 2017, a reboot, titled Hellboy: Rise of the Blood Queen, was announced by Hellboy creator Mike Mignola on his personal Facebook page revealing that the project is set to be directed by Neil Marshall and star David Harbour as the titular character. Mignola also stated that the film would have an R rating unlike previous installments.[19] It is expected to be released in 2019.[20] In August 2017, Ian McShane was cast as Trevor Bruttenholm.[21] Mila Jovovich was cast as the film's primary antagonist, Nimue the Blood Queen. On August 10, 2017, the Hellboy reboot dropped the Rise of the Blood Queen title and is now simply referred to as Hellboy. On August 16, 2017, Sasha Lane was cast as Alice Monaghan. On August 21, 2017, Ed Skrein was cast as Major Ben Daimio.[22] However, upon discovering that Daimio was portrayed in the comic books as a Japanese-American character, Skrein announced a week later that he was pulling out to allow an actor of Asian heritage to be cast instead.[23]

Animation[edit]

On November 9, 2005, IDT Entertainment issued a press release[24] announcing that the company had licensed the rights to develop "animated content for television and home entertainment" based on the Hellboy comic. Ron Perlman (Hellboy), Selma Blair (Liz Sherman), Doug Jones (Abe Sapien) and John Hurt (Professor Trevor "Broom" Bruttenholm) have all voiced their respective characters. Actress Peri Gilpin joined the cast as Professor Kate Corrigan.

The first two 75-minute animated movies, Sword of Storms and Blood and Iron, were aired on Cartoon Network before being released on DVD. The first one aired October 28, 2006, and the second aired March 17, 2007.

Both stories have much more in common with the comic book Hellboy rather than the film — Abe Sapien is not psychic, for example, and the artwork and color palette is derived more closely to Mignola's original artwork. The DVD of Sword of Storms was released on February 6, 2007; it contains documentary material commentary and a Hellboy comic, "Phantom Limbs". Blood and Iron similarly contains a comic called "The Yearning".

After the initial release, some stores included exclusive giveaways with copies of the Hellboy Animated: Blood and Iron DVD:

A "Hellboy 2 Pak" limited edition DVD set was released July 1, 2008, that contained both films and a 7" figure.

A third animated Hellboy film, The Phantom Claw, has been put on hold. Tad Stones, director and writer of the direct-to-video movies, says the film will star Lobster Johnson and will have some familiar characters, but Abe and Liz will not be in the film (at least not as main characters).

Novels and anthologies[edit]

Christopher Golden has written several novels about the character, the first two of which, The Lost Army and The Bones of Giants, are part of the official Hellboy story canon. The events of both these novels are listed in the comic's official timeline featured in Hellboy: The Companion. In particular, the Golden-penned character of Anastasia Bransfield was also described in the companion, despite having never actually appeared in a comic.

Video games[edit]

A Hellboy video game called Hellboy: Dogs of the Night, developed by Cryo Interactive, was released in 2000 for Microsoft Windows. It was ported to PlayStation as Hellboy: Asylum Seeker.

On April 6, 2005, Hellboy movie director Guillermo del Toro announced on his official site[26] that he had made a deal with developer Konami to create a new Hellboy video game based on the movie version of the character and his world, featuring new monsters, new villains, and a new storyline. Herman von Klempt and his war ape Kriegaffe #10 were slated to make appearances. On May 9, 2006, it was revealed that the Hellboy game would appear in the summer of 2007, on PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, and PlayStation Portable. The game was released in North America on June 24, 2008 with the name Hellboy: The Science of Evil. It is developed by Krome Studios, and published by Konami Digital Entertainment, Inc. As well as single player campaign where the player gets to play as Hellboy the game also features co-op play, featuring the characters Abe Sapien, Liz Sherman, and Lobster Johnson.

A Hellboy video game called Hellboy II: The Golden Army - Tooth Fairy Terror was released for the iPhone by Tuesday Creative on January 14, 2009.

Hellboy is a playable DLC character in Injustice 2, voiced by Michael-Leon Wooley as part of the "Fighter Pack 2". The character was released for download on Tuesday, November 14, 2017.

Appearances in popular culture[edit]

  • Hellboy appears as a "borrowed character" in author Kim Newman’s Anno Dracula series, specifically in the novella Andy Warhol's Dracula (2004) where he joins the ranks of Blade, John Shaft, Travis Bickle, the Punisher, Paul Kersey (of Death Wish), Scooby-Doo, and Shaggy in hunting down Johnny Pop, a vampire drug dealer.[27]
  • Hellboy has made guest appearances in Erik Larsen's long running comic book series, The Savage Dragon.
  • Hellboy makes a one-panel cameo appearance during a hallucination sequence in Frank Miller's Sin City: Hell and Back.
  • Hellboy made a cameo as a trick or treater in the last page of the Sam & Max story "Belly of the Beast".
  • Hellboy also appears in an issue of Eric Powell's Eisner Award-winning series The Goon.[28]
  • Hellboy made a one-panel cameo appearance, along with several other borrowed characters, in the Shi/Cyblade crossover The Battle for Independents from Image Comics.
  • Hellboy appeared in Madman Comics #5 (January 1995).
  • Abe Sapien, a popular character from Hellboy, appears in John Byrne's Babe 2 #2.
  • In Kevin Smith's film Dogma (1999), one of the Stygian Triplets is seen wearing a Hellboy T-shirt.
  • In one of the ending themes for Sayonara, Zetsubou-Sensei, the animation and graphic style is the same one used in the Hellboy comic books.
  • A large poster of Hellboy appears in a comic shop in the 2010 movie Kick-Ass.[29]
  • Hellboy makes somewhat of a cameo in the fifth volume of Requiem Chevalier Vampire, as a number of servants bear a striking resemblance to him.[30]
  • Hellboy appeared in the Mad episode "Garfield of Dreams / I Hate My Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles" voiced by Fred Tatasciore, where he advertises his magical Left Hand of Doom which can solve all lefty problems.
  • An action figure heavily resembling Hellboy can be seen on the teenagers nightstand in the Justice League Unlimited episode "Wake The Dead".
  • Yu-Gi-Oh! creator Kazuki Takahashi and Mike Mignola swapped renditions of their respective characters-i.e. a Takahashi take on Hellboy and a Mignola take on Yugi Mutoh-for a special issue of the magazine Shonen Jump.
  • In the movie Blade II the character of Scud played by Norman Reedus wears a B.P.R.D. emblem T-shirt. Ron Perlman acted in, and Guillermo del Toro directed Blade II and the two Hellboy movies.
  • Hellboy is featured in To Hold The Bridge, a collection of short stories by Garth Nix; In Strange Fishing in the Western Highlands, Hellboy is an essential ally of Dr. Malcolm MacAndrew's druidic soldier father.[31]
  • Hellboy will be a DLC character in Injustice 2, as part of the Fighter Pack 2.

Awards[edit]

The miniseries Hellboy: Conqueror Worm won a 2002 Eisner Award for "Best Limited Series", while The Art of Hellboy won an Eisner in 2004 for "Best Comics-Related Book". Mignola won a 2000 Harvey Award for "Best Artist", based on Hellboy: Box Full of Evil. Hellboy: Darkness Calls won a 2007 Eagle Award for "Favourite Colour Comicbook — American".

The character Hellboy was nominated for "Favourite Comics Character" at the 2004 and 2005 Eagle Awards. Other Eagle Award nominations include "Favourite Comics Story published during 2007" for Hellboy: Darkness Calls, and "Favourite Comics Hero".

Acclaimed comics writer Alan Moore (V for Vendetta, Watchmen) listed Hellboy on his recommendations page, particularly Wake the Devil (Vol. 2), calling it "the skillful cutting and the setting of the stone that we can see Mignola's sharp contemporary sensibilities at work".[32]

In March 2009, the Dark Horse Comics character, Hellboy, won two categories in the fan voted Project Fanboy Awards for 2008: "Best Indy Hero" and "Best Indy Character".[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mike Mignola Exclusive Hellboy Fury Print at The Comic Bug!". Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2011-10-06. 
  2. ^ Hellboy. (2004)
  3. ^ Hellboy and the B.P.R.D.: 1952 #5. (2015)
  4. ^ Hellboy: The Wild Hunt #6
  5. ^ The Lost Army
  6. ^ Hellboy: Darkness Calls
  7. ^ a b Irving, Christopher (April 2007). "The Genesis of Hellboy". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (21): 3–5. 
  8. ^ "Hellboy II: The Golden Army". Bam! Kapow!. Archived from the original on June 25, 2009. Retrieved 2011-02-12. 
  9. ^ "Going to the Chapel: Mignola Returns to Drawing Hellboy". Comic Book Resources. October 27, 2008. 
  10. ^ Means-Shannon, Hannah. "SDCC last gasp: Mike Mignola celebrates Hellboy's 20th anniversary". The New York Post. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "San Diego Comic Con Comics #2". Hellboy.com. Archived from the original on 2009-07-07. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  12. ^ a b Mignola, Mike (2004). Hellboy: Seed of Destruction. Dark Horse Comics. ISBN 978-1-59307-094-6. 
  13. ^ a b "Hellboy: Seed of Destruction". Dark Horse Comics. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  14. ^ "Mike Mignola's Hellboy: World's Greatest Paranormal Investigator". Hellboy.com. Archived from the original on 2009-07-07. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  15. ^ "Celebrate Diversity (Collector's Edition)". Hellboy.com. Archived from the original on 2009-07-07. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  16. ^ Peter Briggs interview - TVNZ's 'Good Morning' on YouTube
  17. ^ "Universal Pictures Picks Up Hellboy 2". Archived from the original on August 6, 2006. 
  18. ^ "Start Date for Hellboy 2 Confirmed". IGN. March 20, 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  19. ^ "'Hellboy' Reboot In the Works With 'Stranger Things' Star David Harbour". 
  20. ^ Squires, John. "We've Got 'Hellboy: Rise of the Blood Queen' Sales Art Out of Cannes!". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  21. ^ Kit, Borys (1 August 2017). "'American Gods' Star Ian McShane Joins David Harbour in 'Hellboy' Reboot (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. 
  22. ^ "'Deadpool' Actor Ed Skrein Joining 'Hellboy' Reboot (Exclusive)". www.hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved 2017-08-22. 
  23. ^ "Ed Skrein". Twitter. 
  24. ^ "IDT Entertainment Licenses Animation Rights to Hellboy From Revolution Studios". IDT Corporation. November 9, 2005. 
  25. ^ Holub, Christian. "Horror and fantasy authors team up for new Hellboy prose anthology". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  26. ^ "Del Toro Films - Guillermo Del Toro Fansite". 
  27. ^ Graeme McMillan (December 26, 2008). "Just How Is Everything Connected?". io9. Retrieved July 8, 2011. 
  28. ^ Joey Esposito (January 20, 2010). "The Goon Goes Digital + Buzzard Gets a Series". Crave Online. Archived from the original on September 27, 2012. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  29. ^ Ryan K Lindsay (May 3, 2010). "Kick-Ass - Movie Review". The Weekly Crisis. Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2011. 
  30. ^ Laurent Deneuve. "Dragon Blitz". ActuSF (in French). Retrieved July 8, 2011. 
  31. ^ "Selected Short Fiction Stories and Collections by Award-Winning Author Garth Nix". Garth Nix. Retrieved 2015-10-29. 
  32. ^ "Alan Moore Recommends". Archived from the original on December 19, 2007. 
  33. ^ "Project Fanboy Award Winners". 

External links[edit]