Hellenic Coast Guard
|Hellenic Coast Guard|
|Commandant||Vice Admiral Theodoros Kliaris|
AS332 Super Puma
The Hellenic Coast Guard (Greek Λιμενικό Σώμα-Ελληνική Ακτοφυλακή – Limeniko Soma-Elliniki Aktofylaki – lit. "Port Corps-Hellenic Coast Guard") is the national coast guard of Greece. Like many other coast guards, it is a paramilitary organization that can support the Hellenic Navy in wartime, but resides under separate civilian control in times of peace. It was founded in 1919 by an Act of Parliament (N. 1753/1919) and the legal framework for its function was reformed in 1927.
The Hellenic Coast Guard Force is currently under the authority of the Ministry of Shipping and Island Policy, which is headed by the Senior Coast Guard Officer who has the rank of vice admiral (Antinavarchos).
The basic roles of the Hellenic Coast Guard are law enforcement at sea, search and rescue, marine safety, preventing sea pollution, fisheries patrolling, preventing illegal immigration and drug interdiction.
In order to perform these roles, the Coast Guard operate a number of patrol boats of various sizes (6m to 60m) and different types (RIBs, coastal patrol boats, offshore patrol boats, lifeboats and pollution control vessels). On land the Hellenic Coast Guard is equipped with cars and motorcycles.
The Hellenic Coast Guard operates the Maritime Rescue Coordination Center (MRCC) in Piraeus and the Emergency Radio Communications Station SXE at Aspropyrgos ( ). The Hellenic Coast Guard also operates the Vessel Traffic Service (V.T.M.I.S.) at busy sea lanes, currently around the ports of Piraeus, Elefsis, Lavrion and Rafina.
Between May 21, 1964 and 1980 the Hellenic Coast Guard had its own special flag, which was derived from the Greek Ensign with the addition of the crossed anchors badge on the center of the white cross.
Role and responsibilities
This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2021)
The main activities of the Hellenic Coast Guard are defined in the present legislation and specified within its institutional framework of operation. These activities are the following:
- Law enforcement at sea, ports and coastal areas. Prevention of illegal immigration. Surveillance of the sea, shipping, ports and borders.
- Search and rescue at sea (jointly with the Hellenic Air Force, which is responsible for search and rescue by air).
- Safety of navigation (with the exception of lighthouses, racons and buoys, which are constructed, purchased, installed and maintained by the Hellenic Navy Lighthouse Service).
- Protection of the marine environment and response to marine pollution incidents.
- Provision of emergency maritime radio communication services.
- Port operations (excluding port pilots service).
- Representation of Greece in international organizations and the European Commission in matters related to these roles.
Most officers in recent years are graduates from higher education establishments, including the Merchant Marine Academies. After recruitment new officers study for four years at the Hellenic Naval Academy. Petty officers are trained for two years at Palaskas Naval Training Centre and lower rank enlisted men are trained at Scholi Limenofylakon at Piraeus, for a duration of two years. With law Law 4029 of 2011, a volunteer Auxiliary Coast Guard was established. The Officers of the Hellenic Coast Guard have the same ranks as the Officers of the Hellenic Navy and similar insignia, replacing the curl with two crossed anchors. The Petty Officers (Ratings) also use rank insignia similar to those of the Hellenic Navy, replacing the speciality symbol with the crossed anchors badge.
Ranks and Insignia
|Officer Grade Structure of the Hellenic Coast Guard|
|NCO Rank Structure of the Hellenic Coast Guard|
Archikelefstis (Master Chief Petty Officer)
Epikelefstis (Senior Chief Petty Officer)
(Chief petty officer)
(Harbor Guard/ Seaman)
As of 2015, the structure of the Hellenic Coast Guard predicts a fleet consisting of five Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs) sized 45–60 metres in length and of 300-450 tonnes displacement, six to twelve Patrol boats with lengths of 25–30 metres and more than fifty Coastal Patrol Vessels of various types with lengths of 14–20 metres. In addition the Hellenic Coast Guard operates a large number of fast Rigid-Inflatable Boat (RIB)/Special Forces vessels as well as eleven Lifeboats. Currently the Hellenic Coast Guard fleet in its totality consists of approximately 240 vessels of all types.
|Model & Class||Photo||Type||Length (m)||Displacement (tonnes)||Origin||Year
|Stan Patrol 5509 / Gavdos||OPV||58,5||565||The Netherlands||2015||1||Vessel ΛΣ-090, built by Damen shipyards and delivered in October 2015 with more than 82,5% funding of EU's External Borders Fund. Weapon systems of choice to be installed are still unspecified. |
Speed of 27-30 knots.
|Sa'ar 4.5 / Fourni||OPV||58||400||Israel Greece||2003/2004||3||Vessels ΛΣ-060, ΛΣ-070 built in Israel (2003) and ΛΣ-080 built in Greece (2004) are weapon-downsized/modified FACs, each fitted with an OTO Breda 30mm/70 gun as main armament and two remote controlled 0.50" heavy machine guns but without anti-ship missiles. Acquired prior to the 2004 Athens Olympics.|
Speed of 34.5 knots.
|Vosper Europatrol 250 Mk1 / Arkoi||OPV||47.3||300||United Kingdom||2002||1||Vessel ΛΣ-050 was originally bought by Financial Crime Prosecution Authorities in 1994 and transferred on HCG in 2002, in which remained decommissioned due mechanical problems. In 2014 underwent significant maintenance and repairs and entered active service again following donations from "Aikaterini Laskaridi" Foundation. The boat can be armed with 40mm gun as main weapon system.|
Speed of 40 knots.
|Cantiere Navale Vittoria P355 GR / Marinos Zampatis||OPV||36.3||160||Italy||2020/||2/4||Three ships order on January 2019, plus one option on July 2019 with 90% EU funding. Two of them were received at December 2020, starting replacement of the older Dilos (Abeking) class. They will be fitted with 2x0,50 LRCWS -Light Remotely Controlled Weapon Stations. |
Vessels ΛΣ-900 and ΛΣ-910. Speed of 40 knots.
|Abeking & Rasmussen / Class Dilos (Δήλος)||Patrol||29||86||Greece||1977/1978
|6||Vessels ΛΣ-010, ΛΣ-015, ΛΣ-020, ΛΣ-025, ΛΣ-030 and ΛΣ-040, all six boats are currently under decommissioning by Marinos Zampatis class; design by Abeking & Rasmussen built by ENAE shipyards. |
Speed of 27 knots.
|POB-24G / Class Faiakas (Φαίακας)||Patrol||24.6||Croatia||2015||2||Vessels ΛΣ-617 and ΛΣ-618 have been delivered. The remaining four (4) boats (type POB-24G) of the initial order will not be delivered following legal action of HCG against the manufacturer. Vessel ΛΣ-618 is equipped with an EMILY robotic SAR device. Each of the boats of the class will bear a .50" heavy machine gun.
Speed of 32 knots.
|LCS-57 (Lambro-57) Mk.II||Patrol||19.2||27||Greece||2002/2003||16||Vessels ΛΣ-601 to ΛΣ-616.|
Built by Motomarine-Greece.
Speed 50+ knots.
|Javelin-74||Coastal Patrol||19.2||27||Greece||2002||3||Vessels ΛΣ-192, ΛΣ-193 and ΛΣ-194 |
Speed of 50+ knots.
|LCS-57 (Lambro-57) Mk.I||Coastal Patrol||18.2||28||Greece||1998/1999||19||Vessels ΛΣ-137 to ΛΣ-151 and ΛΣ-169 to ΛΣ-172.|
Built by Motomarine-Greece.
Speed 44 knots.
|LCS-53 (Lambro-53 Guardian)||Coastal Patrol||16.8||21||Greece||1992/1994||11||Vessels ΛΣ-114 to ΛΣ-126. |
Built by Motomarine-Greece.
Speed 33 knots.
|Fabio Buzzi Design 56SF||FB 56SF Image||Patrol / HCG Special Forces||16,10||Italy||0/15||15 Fabio Buzzi 56F patrol boats have been ordered (Jan 2020), to be delivered by 2023. 
Speed over 50 knots.
|CB-90HCG||Patrol / HCG Special Forces||15.9||18.5||Sweden||1999||3||Combat boats by Dockstavarvet, each armed with two twin remote controlled 0.50" heavy machine guns and carry level IV armor plates.|
Vessels ΛΣ-134 to ΛΣ-136. Allocated to the HCG's Special Forces (Ionian Islands)
Speed of 45 knots. 
|Olympic D65/74||Coastal Patrol||22.5||30||Greece||1973 - under decommissioning||4||Olympic line is under decommissioning. Unknown number of boats still in service for secondary tasks / ΛΣ-102 series|
|Olympic D-45M||Coastal Patrol||13.9||25||Greece||1973 - under decommissioning||5||Olympic line is under decommissioning. Unknown number of boats still in service for secondary tasks|
|Olympic D-45||Coastal Patrol||13.9||25||Greece||1973 - under decommissioning||4||Olympic line is under decommissioning. Unknown number of boats still in service for secondary tasks|
|Olympic D-44||Coastal Patrol||13.4||25||Greece||1973 - under decommissioning||3||Olympic line is under decommissioning. Unknown number of boats still in service for secondary tasks / ΛΣ-153 series|
|Wellcraft||Coastal Patrol / HCG Special Forces||USA||2004||1||Donated by the USCG in 2004.
Vessel ΛΣ-797 allocated to the HCG's Seals.
|Madera MRCD-1250||MRCD-1250 Image||Patrol RIB / HCG Special Forces||12,5||The Netherlands||2||Military grade boats for HCG's Seals, able to carry 10-12 troops each. Armed with 0.50" gun and two 7.62mm machine guns. Speed of 49 knots.|
|MIL-40 Fabio Buzzi||Patrol / HCG Special Forces||12.2||7||Italy||1997/1999||2||Vessels ΛΣ-132 and ΛΣ-133. Allocated to the HCG's Special Forces (Ionian islands) |
Speed of 50-55 knots.
|Magna Onda||Patrol / HCG Special Forces||11.7||5.4||Greece||1987||2||Allocated to the HCG's Special Forces (Aegean islands)
Speed of 52 knots
|Halter Marine HSB||Patrol / HCG Special Forces||11.6||USA||2004||1||Donated by the USCG in 2004|
|MIL-38 Fabio Buzzi||Patrol / HCG Special Forces||11.58||7||Italy||1997/1999||2||Vessels ΛΣ-129 and ΛΣ-130 allocated to the HCG's Special Forces (Aegean islands) |
Speed of 50-55 knots.
|Rafnar 1100||Patrol RIB / HCG Special Forces||11,5||4||Greece Iceland||2020/2021||10||Donation from the 'Union of Greek Shipowners'. Icelandic design, built by RAFNAR Hellas under licence. Vessels ΛΣ-1054 to ΛΣ-1063.
Speed of 50+ knots.
|Magna 110 Hurricane Mk.I/II||Patrol RIB / HCG Special Forces||10,8||Greece||2013||2||ΛΣ-1002, ΛΣ-1005|
|System 33/Nemesis RIB||Patrol RIB / HCG Special Forces||10.35||Greece||2014||10||All vessels are donation by SNF having speed of 50+ knots.|
|Oceanic Interceptor||Patrol RIB / HCG Special Forces||Greece||2004||?||Allocated to the HCG's Seals.|
|Super Onda||Patrol / HCG Special Forces||8.6||2.8||Greece||1987||2||Allocated to the HCG's Special Forces (Aegean islands)
Speed of 52 knots
|Boston Whaler, Outrage-280||Patrol / HCG Special Forces||8.34||3||USA||2004||3||Allocated to the HCG's Special Forces at Piraeus.|
|Gibli-1025||Coastal Patrol RIB||10,25||Greece||2001||12||Vessels ΛΣ-3xx|
|Mostro Top Gun 964||Coastal Patrol RIB||9.9||1.6||Greece||1997||8||Vessels ΛΣ-2xx|
|Mostro Top Gun 864||Coastal Patrol RIB||9.3||1.4||Greece||1992||11||Vessels ΛΣ-2xx|
|Oceanic 9000 Stealth||Coastal Patrol RIB||9||2||Greece||1998/1999||18||Vessels ΛΣ-3xx|
|Magna 31||Coastal Patrol RIB||8.6||2.8||Greece||2013||2||ΛΣ-1003, ΛΣ-1004|
|Viking Norsafe Munin S1200 Ext.Cabin||Ambulance Vessel||12||7||Greece Norway||2020/||3/8||Built by Viking Norsafe Hellas.
Vessels ΛΣ-1064 to ΛΣ-1066 allocated to Greek islands. Speed of 40 knots.
|Lambro Halmatic 60||Lifeboat||18||37||Greece||1999||10||Vessels' series Ν/Γ-511 to Ν/Γ-520|
|Arun Halmatic||Lifeboat||16||37||United Kingdom||1992||1||Vessel Ν/Γ-510|
|LMPA-29||Pollution control||29||240||Greece Spain||1994||5||Built by Motomarine - Greece. Designed by Astilleros Gondan - Spain. Vessels ΛΣ-413 to ΛΣ-417|
|Pollcat||Pollution control||19||85||Denmark||1999||4||by Desmi, Denmark. Vessels ΛΣ-418 to ΛΣ-421|
The Hellenic Coast Guard operates a small fleet of fixed wing aircraft based at Tatoi (Dekelia) Air Base, (LGTT, Hellenic Air Force 384 Squadron, based at Elefsis Air Base (LGEL), with mixed Air Force and Coast Guard crews.). Its four AS 332 Super Puma Search and Rescue (SAR) helicopters are operated by the
|Aircraft||Photo||ID||Type||Versions||Origin||Year acquired||In service||Notes|
|Eurocopter Super Puma||SAR helicopter||AS 332C||France||4||The aircraft belongs to the Hellenic Air Force and is also used by the Coast Guard|
|Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin||HC-31 to HC-36||Patrol helicopter||AS 365N3||France||2003||6||Based at Kotroni Naval Air Station (LGKN) in cooperation with Hellenic Navy|
|Cessna 406 Caravan II||AC-21 to AC-23||Maritime patrol||F406||France||2000||3||Built by Reims|
|Socata TB||AC-3, AC-4||Utility aircraft||TB 20||France||1985||2|||
|Cessna 172 Skyhawk||AC-1, AC-2||Utility aircraft||172RG||USA||1981||2|||
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (July 2008)
- New headquarters and VTMIS operations centre (Pireaus):
- Old headquarters and SAR coordination centre (Pireaus):
- Mooring for Open Sea Patrol Vessels (Keratsini):
- Coast Guard apron at Tatoi Air Base:
- Aspropyrgos Maritime Communications Radio Station SXE:
- Piraeus Central Port Authority:
- Enlisted men training facility (Σχολή Λιμενοφυλάκων):
- Piraeus VTMIS AIS receiver 002393200
- Psyttaleia Island VTMIS AIS receiver 002391100
- Patras VTS
- Thessaloniki VTS
- Corfu Island VTS
- Igoumenitsa VTS
- Lavrion VTS
- Rafina Port
- "Greece, Coast Radio Stations, Hellenic Coast Guard MRCC and MRSC" (PDF). The United Kingdom Hydrographic Office. 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-03. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
- Law 4029, Government Gazette A 245, 2011-11-22
- "Grade/rank insignia of the Hellenic CG (Ministry of Merchant Marine)". Archived from the original on 3 October 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- http://www.hcg.gr/sites/default/files/pages/diakritika.jpg[dead link]
- "Ο Στόλος του Λιμενικού Σώματος /Ελληνικής Ακτοφυλακής το 2015". Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- Επιχειρησιακά μέσα Εκτύπωση (Business Media Printing)Archived 2010-12-02 at the Wayback Machine
- E. Pagotsis, ed. (May 2011). Ετήσια Ανασκόπηση Ισορροπία Δυνάμεων 2011-2012 (Annual Review Balance of Power 2011-2012. Athens, Greece: Dyros Ltd. p. 77.
- "Τελετή Απόδοσης σε Ενέργεια του Πλοίου Ανοιχτής Θαλάσσης Λιμενικού Σώματος (ΠΑΘ/ΛΣ)050". 10 December 2015. Retrieved December 2015. Check date values in:
- "Greek coastguard orders six coastal patrol craft". janes.com. 29 April 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "New FB 56' SF model for the Hellenic Coast Guard". www.fbdesign.it. Retrieved 2020-12-20.
- Archus, Dorian (2020-02-02). "FB Design to build 15 patrol boats for Hellenic Coast Guard". Naval News. Retrieved 2020-12-20.
- "Shipowners donate 10 high-speed boats Rafnar to Greek Coast Guard". Keep Talking Greece. 2019-11-23. Retrieved 2020-12-20.
- "ELMON - DEFENCE SYSTEMS". www.elmon.com. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- "We're sorry, that page can't be found". www.state.gov. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- "Antipollution vessel ALPHA" (PDF). Astilleros Gondan shipbuilders. 1994.
- "Astilleros Gondan Alfa". Astilleros Gondan shipbuilders. 2011.
- "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.
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