Hellenic Coast Guard

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Hellenic Coast Guard
Hellenic Coast Guard Arms-rls.jpg
Coat of Arms of the Hellenic Coast Guard
Active 1919
Country  Greece
Type Coast Guard
Role Maritime law enforcement, paramilitary navy, search and rescue, sea pollution control
Size 7,000
Patron St. Nicholas
Colors Cyan, White & Gold             
Commanders
Commandant Vice Admiral A. Athanasopoulos
Insignia
Identification
symbol
Λ.Σ.-ΕΛ.ΑΚΤ.
Identification
symbol
Crossed anchors
Aircraft flown
Patrol Cessna 406 Caravan II
Transport Cessna 172 Skyhawk

The Hellenic Coast Guard (Greek Λιμενικό Σώμα-Ελληνική ΑκτοφυλακήLimeniko Soma-Elliniki Aktofylaki – lit. "Port Corps-Hellenic Coast Guard") is the national coast guard of Greece. Like many other coast guards, it is a paramilitary organization that can support the Hellenic Navy in wartime, but resides under separate civilian control in times of peace. It was founded in 1919 by an Act of Parliament (N. 1753/1919) and the legal framework for its function was reformed in 1927. The current name is specified in Law 3022/2011.

Organization[edit]

Old ensign of the Hellenic Coast Guard (in use 1964-1980)

The Hellenic Coast Guard Force is currently under the authority of the Ministry of Shipping. The Hellenic Coast Guard Force is headed by the Senior Coast Guard Officer who has the rank of Vice Admiral (Antinavarchos).

The basic roles of the Hellenic Coast Guard are law enforcement at sea, search and rescue, marine safety, preventing sea pollution, fisheries patrolling, preventing illegal immigration and drug interdiction.

In order to perform these roles, the Coast Guard operate a number of patrol boats of various sizes (6m to 60m) and different types (RIBs, coastal patrol boats, offshore patrol boats, lifeboats and pollution control vessels). On land the Hellenic Coast Guard is equipped with cars and motorcycles.

The Hellenic Coast Guard operates the Maritime Rescue Coordination Center (MRCC) in Piraeus and the Emergency Radio Communications Station SXE at Aspropyrgos (38°02′12.5″N 23°35′7.5″E / 38.036806°N 23.585417°E / 38.036806; 23.585417). The Hellenic Coast Guard also operates the Vessel Traffic Service (V.T.M.I.S.) at busy sea lanes, currently around the ports of Piraeus, Elefsis, Lavrion and Rafina.

Between May 21, 1964 and 1980 the Hellenic Coast Guard had its own special flag, which was derived from the Greek Ensign with the addition of the crossed anchors badge on the center of the white cross.[1]

Role and responsibilities[edit]

PLS-015 in port in Crete

The main activities of the Hellenic Coast Guard are defined in the present legislation and specified within its institutional framework of operation. These activities are the following:

  • Law enforcement at sea, ports and coastal areas. Prevention of illegal immigration. Surveillance of the sea, shipping, ports and borders.
  • Search and rescue at sea (jointly with the Hellenic Air Force, which is responsible for search and rescue by air).
  • Safety of navigation (with the exception of lighthouses, racons and buoys, which are constructed, purchased, installed and maintained by the Hellenic Navy Lighthouse Service).
  • Protection of the marine environment and response to marine pollution incidents.
  • Provision of emergency maritime radio communication services.[2]
  • Port operations (excluding port pilots service).
  • Representation of Greece in international organizations and the European Commission in matters related to these roles.

Personnel[edit]

Most officers in recent years are graduates from higher education establishments, including the Merchant Marine Academies. After recruitment new officers study for one year at the Hellenic Naval Academy. Petty officers are trained for nine months at Palaskas Naval Training Centre and lower rank enlisted men are trained at Scholi Limenofylakon at Piraeus. With law Law 4029 of 2011, a volunteer Auxiliary Coast Guard was established.[3]

The Officers of the Hellenic Coast Guard have the same ranks as the Officers of the Hellenic Navy and similar insignia, replacing the curl with two crossed anchors. The Petty Officers (Ratings) also use rank insignia similar to those of the Hellenic Navy, replacing the speciality symbol with the crossed anchors badge.[4]

Officer Grade Structure of the Hellenic Coast Guard
OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1
(no equivalent) Αντιναύαρχος
Antinavarchos
(Vice Admiral)
Υποναύαρχος
Yponavarchos
(Rear Admiral)
Αρχιπλοίαρχος
Archiploiarchos
(Commodore)
Πλοίαρχος
Ploiarchos
(Captain)
Αντιπλοίαρχος
Antiploiarchos
(Commander)
Πλωτάρχης
Plotarchis
(Lt. Commander)
Υποπλοίαρχος
Ypoploiarchos
(Lieutenant)
Ανθυποπλοίαρχος
Anthypoploiarchos
(Lieutenant junior grade)
Σημαιοφόρος
Simaioforos
(Ensign)
(no equivalent)
GR-Coastguard-OF8-sleeve.svg
GR-Coastguard-OF7-sleeve.svg
GR-Coastguard-OF6-sleeve.svg
GR-Coastguard-OF5-sleeve.svg
GR-Coastguard-OF4-sleeve.svg
GR-Coastguard-OF3-sleeve.svg
GR-Coastguard-OF2-sleeve.svg
GR-Coastguard-OF1b-sleeve.svg
GR-Coastguard-OF1-sleeve.svg
NCO Rank Structure of the Hellenic Coast Guard
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Ανθυπασπιστής
Anthipaspistis
(Fleet Chief Petty Officer)
Αρχικελευστής
Archikelefstis (Chief Petty Officer)
Επικελευστής
Epikelefstis (Petty Officer)
Κελευστής
Kelefstis
(Leading seaman)
Λιμενοφύλακας
Limenofylakas
(Seaman)
GR-Coastguard-WO1-sleeve.svg
GR-Coastguard-OR9.svg
GR-Coastguard-OR8.svg
GR-Coastguard-OR7.svg
GR-Coastguard-OR6.svg

Fleet[edit]

Lambro PB-57 patrol boat ΛΣ-172 at Zea marina coast guard station, Piraeus
SAR-513, one of ten Arun 60 lifeboats operated by the Hellenic CG, at Zea marina coast guard station, Piraeus
Boston Whaler ΛΣ-798 patrol craft of the Hellenic Coast Guard, towed for a parade.

The current structure of the Hellenic Coast Guard predicts five Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs) with lengths of approximately 45-60 metres, six to twelve Patrol boats with lengths of 25–30 metres, more than fifty Coastal Patrol Vessels of various types with lengths of 16-20 metres, eleven Lifeboats and a large number of RIBs/Special Forces boats.[5][6]

Model/Class Type Length (m) Displacement (tonnes) Origin In service Notes
Sa'ar 4 OPV 58 450  Israel /  Greece 3[7] Vessels ΛΣ-060, ΛΣ-070 and ΛΣ-080 are demilitarized FACs fitted with 30mm gun each but without missiles.
Speed of 34.5 knots.
Stan Patrol 5509 OPV 58  The Netherlands 0 (+1) Vessel ΛΣ-090, imminent delivery from B.V.Scheepswerf Damen Gorinchem.
Speed of 30 knots.
Vosper Europatrol 250 Mk1 OPV 47.3 255  United Kingdom 1 Vessel ΛΣ-050, currently undergoing upgrades.
Speed of 40 knots.
Class Faiakas (Φαίακας) Patrol 24.6  Croatia 2 (+4) Vessels ΛΣ-617 and ΛΣ-618 delivered with four (4) vessels (type POB-24G) remaining on order,[8] to be delivered by 2016. Each of the boats will be bear a 0,50mm gun.
Speed of 32 knots.
Class Dilos (Δήλος) Patrol 29 86  Greece 6 Vessels ΛΣ-010, ΛΣ-015, ΛΣ-020, ΛΣ-025, ΛΣ-030 and ΛΣ-040, currently, all boats are currently under consideration for decommissioning; design by Abeking & Rasmussen.
Speed of 27 knots.
CB-90HCG Coastal Patrol 15.9 20  Sweden 3[7] Vessels ΛΣ-134, ΛΣ-135 and ΛΣ-136
Speed of 40-45 knots.
Javelin-74 Coastal Patrol 19.2 27  Greece 3 Vessels ΛΣ-192, ΛΣ-193 and ΛΣ-194
Speed of 50+ knots.
LCS-57 (Lambro-57) Mk.I Coastal Patrol 18.2 28  Greece 16 Speed of 44 knots.
LCS-57 (Lambro-57) Mk.II Coastal Patrol 19.2 27  Greece 19 Speed of 50+ knots.
LCS-53 (Lambro-53 Guardian) Coastal Patrol 16.8 21  Greece 11 Vessels' series ΛΣ-114.
Speed of 33 knots.
Olympic L65/74 Coastal Patrol 23  Greece 4 ΛΣ-102 series
Arun Halmatic Lifeboat 16 37  United Kingdom 1 Vessel SAR-510
Lambro Halmatic 60 Lifeboats 18 37  Greece 10 Vessels' series SAR-511 to SAR-520.
System 33/Nemesis RIB[9] RIB Coastal Patrol 10.35  Greece 10 All vessels are donation by SNF having speed of 50+ knots.
D-45 Coastal Patrol 13.9 25  Greece 4
D-45M Coastal Patrol 13.9 25  Greece 5
Olympic L-44 Patrol 14 25  Greece 3 ΛΣ-153 series
MIL-38 Coastal Patrol 11.85 7  Greece 2
MIL-40 Coastal Patrol 13 7  Greece 2 ΛΣ-132, ΛΣ-133
Madera MRCD-1250 RIB Coastal Patrol 12,5  The Netherlands 0 (+2) Two (2) on order.
Magna 110 Hurricane Mk.I/II RIB Coastal Patrol 10,8  Greece 2
Magna Onda Coastal Patrol 11.7 5.4  Greece 2
Super Onda Coastal Patrol 8.6 2.8  Greece 2
Magna 31 RIB Coastal Patrol 8.6 2.8  Greece 3 One (1) donated at 2014 by Dmitry Rybolovlev
Oceanic Interceptor RIB Coastal Patrol  Greece  ?
Gibli-1025 RIB Coastal Patrol 10,25  Greece 12
Oceanic 9000 Stealth RIB Coastal Patrol 9 2  Greece 18
Mostro Top Gun 864/964 RIB Coastal Patrol 9.3/9.9 1.4/1.6  Greece 19
Boston Whaler Coastal patrol, Diver support 9  USA 3 ΛΣ-798, ... Donated by the USCG in 2004.[10]
Halter Marine HSB Coastal patrol, Diver support  USA 1 ... Donated by the USCG in 2004
Wellcraft Coastal patrol, Diver support  USA 1 ... Donated by the USCG in 2004
LS-413 (LMPA) Pollution control 29 240  Spain 3 by Astilleros Gondan, Spain.[11][12]
Pollcat Pollution control 18.5 85 3

Aircraft fleet[edit]

Reims Cessna F-406 aircraft of the Hellenic Coast Guard
Socata TB-20 Trinidad single engine aircraft AC-3 of the Hellenic CG at Dekelia Air Base.

The Hellenic Coast Guard operates a small fleet of fixed wing aircraft based at Tatoi (Dekelia) Air Base, (LGTT, 38°06′35.1″N 23°46′55.5″E / 38.109750°N 23.782083°E / 38.109750; 23.782083). Its four AS 332 Super Puma Search and Rescue (SAR) helicopters are operated by the Hellenic Air Force 384 Squadron, based at Elefsis Air Base (LGEL), with mixed Air Force and Coast Guard crews.

Aircraft ID Type Versions Origin In service[13] Notes
Eurocopter Super Puma SAR helicopter AS 332C  France 4[7] Operated by the Hellenic Air Force
Aérospatiale Dauphin HC-31 to HC-36 Patrol helicopter AS 365N3  France 6[7] Based at Kotroni Naval Air Station (LGKN) in cooperation with Hellenic Navy
Cessna 406 Caravan II AC-21 to AC-23 Maritime patrol F406  France 3[7] Built by Reims
Cessna 172 Skyhawk AC-1, AC-2 Utility aircraft 172RG  USA 2[7]
Socata TB AC-3, AC-4 Utility aircraft TB 20  France 2[7]

HCG facilities[edit]

Coast guard vehicle
  1. New headquarters and VTMIS operations centre: 37°56′33″N 23°37′35″E / 37.94250°N 23.62639°E / 37.94250; 23.62639
  2. Old headquarters and SAR coordination centre: 37°56′23.5″N 23°38′55″E / 37.939861°N 23.64861°E / 37.939861; 23.64861
  3. Mooring for Open Sea Patrol Vessels (Keratsini): 37°57′25.7″N 23°36′39.7″E / 37.957139°N 23.611028°E / 37.957139; 23.611028
  4. Coast Guard apron at Tatoi Air Base: 38°06′35.1″N 23°46′55.5″E / 38.109750°N 23.782083°E / 38.109750; 23.782083
  5. Aspropyrgos Maritime Communications Radio Station SXE: 38°02′12.5″N 23°35′7.5″E / 38.036806°N 23.585417°E / 38.036806; 23.585417
  6. Piraeus Central Port Authority: 37°56′23″N 23°38′24″E / 37.93972°N 23.64000°E / 37.93972; 23.64000
  7. Enlisted men training facility (Σχολή Λιμενοφυλάκων): 37°56′10.3″N 23°37′40.4″E / 37.936194°N 23.627889°E / 37.936194; 23.627889
  8. Piraeus VTMIS AIS receiver 002393200 37°56.369′N 023°38.381′E / 37.939483°N 23.639683°E / 37.939483; 23.639683
  9. Psyttaleia Island VTMIS AIS receiver 002391100 37°56.620′N 23°35.664′E / 37.943667°N 23.594400°E / 37.943667; 23.594400
  10. Patras VTS 38°14′46″N 21°43′44″E / 38.24617°N 21.72886°E / 38.24617; 21.72886
  11. Thessaloniki VTS 40°38′17″N 22°55′31″E / 40.63802°N 22.92522°E / 40.63802; 22.92522
  12. Corfu Island VTS 39°37′37″N 19°54′20″E / 39.62708°N 19.90554°E / 39.62708; 19.90554
  13. Igoumenitsa VTS 39°29′17″N 20°15′32″E / 39.48799°N 20.25899°E / 39.48799; 20.25899
  14. Lavrion VTS 37°42′50″N 24°03′45″E / 37.71394°N 24.06252°E / 37.71394; 24.06252
  15. Rafina Port 38°01.347′N 24°0.522′E / 38.022450°N 24.008700°E / 38.022450; 24.008700

References[edit]

  1. ^ Photo of old Hellenic CG flag.
  2. ^ "Greece, Coast Radio Stations, Hellenic Coast Guard MRCC and MRSC" (PDF). The United Kingdom Hydrographic Office. 2002. Retrieved 2008-07-02. [dead link]
  3. ^ Law 4029, Government Gazette A 245, 2011-11-22
  4. ^ Grade/rank insignia of the Hellenic CG (Ministry of Merchant Marine)
  5. ^ "Ο Στόλος του Λιμενικού Σώματος /Ελληνικής Ακτοφυλακής το 2015". Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  6. ^ http://www.yen.gr/wide/yen.chtm?prnbr=24177
  7. ^ a b c d e f g E. Pagotsis, ed. (May 2011). Ετήσια Ανασκόπηση Ισορροπία Δυνάμεων 2011-2012 (Annual Review Balance of Power 2011-2012. Athens, Greece: Dyros Ltd. p. 77. 
  8. ^ "Greek coastguard orders six coastal patrol craft". janes.com. 29 April 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  9. ^ http://www.elmon.com/products/defence-systems.htm
  10. ^ http://www.state.gov/m/ds/rls/34009.htm
  11. ^ "Antipollution vessel ALPHA" (PDF). Astilleros Gondan shipbuilders. 1994. 
  12. ^ "Astilleros Gondan Alfa". Astilleros Gondan shipbuilders. 2011. 
  13. ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.

External links[edit]