Hellmut G. Haasis
Hellmut G. Haasis (born 7 January 1942) is a German historian, author, and broadcaster. He is particularly known for his biographies of Georg Elser who attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler in 1939; Reinhard Heydrich who was one of the main architects of the Holocaust; and Joseph Süß Oppenheimer who was executed in 1738 and in 1940 was the subject of a notorious Nazi anti-semitic propaganda film, Jud Süß. Haasis was born in Mühlacker, a town in the Swabia region of Germany, and has written two novels in Swabian dialect as well as a collection of poetry. He is the recipient of the Thaddäus Troll Literature Prize, the Schubart Literature Prize, and the Civis Media Prize.
Life and career
Haasis was born in Mühlacker in southwestern Germany in 1942, the youngest of Edwin and Gertrude Haasis's three children. His father was a Protestant pastor who was killed in 1944 during an Allied Forces bombing raid on Strasbourg where he was serving as a purser on German military hospital trains. Initially intending to become a clergyman, Hellmut Haasis studied Protestant theology, history, sociology and political science at universities in Tübingen, Marburg and Bonn from 1961 to 1966. After completing his doctoral thesis under Jürgen Moltmann in 1971, he worked as a political commentator, writer and broadcaster. He also made study trips to Italy during the worker and student unrest there in the 1970s. His observation of a major series of strikes at Fiat's Mirafiori plant led to his 1976 article, "Fiat–Legende und Wirklichkeit" which discussed the company's "reorganization in the name of humanization" as an attempt to destroy its militant work groups. During that period he also travelled to Sardinia where he photographed the island's political graffiti murals. He later published the images as a series of postcards.
A self-described libertarian socialist, Haasis wrote several books during the 1980s on German social and political history. These included Spuren der Besiegten (Traces of the vanquished), a three volume history of popular uprisings and freedom movements in Germany from the peasant revolts during the Thirty Years War to the anti-nuclear movement in the late 20th century. In the mid-1980s he also served briefly on the Reutlingen City Council as a member from the coalition of the German Green Party and the Independents. Haasis's literary breakthrough came in 1989 with the publication of his novel, Em Chrischdian sei Leich (A Christian's corpse). Written in Swabian dialect, the novel went on to win the 1990 Thaddäus Troll Literature Prize. He published a second novel in Swabian in 2008 entitled Heisel Rein der Gscheite Narr (Heisel Rein the clever fool). The book is a fictionalized account of the life of Reinhold Haussler (aka Heisel Rein) who was murdered in 1940 at the Grafeneck Euthanasia Centre. In addition to his novels and non-fiction works, Haasis has published short stories, poems, dramas and radio plays. He also performs (primarily in schools) in the persona of "Märchenclown Druiknui" (Druiknui, the fairy tale clown), the protagonist of a children's book by Haasis published in 2005.
- Thaddäus Troll Literature Prize (1990) for his novel, Em Chrischdian sei Leich 
- Civis Media Prize (1997) for his radio play, Jud Süß. Das Leben und Leiden des Joseph Süß Oppenheimer
- Schubart Literature Prize (1999) for his biography, Joseph Süß Oppenheimer, genannt Jud Süß: Finanzier, Freidenker, Justizopfer
- Jetz isch fai gnuag Hai honna. Schwäbische Gedichte (1978), poetry in Swabian dialect. Schwäbische Verlagsgesellschaft
- Spuren der Besiegten (1984), 3 volume history. Rowohlt
- Vol. 1: Freiheitsbewegungen von den Germanenkämpfen bis zu den Bauernaufständen im Dreißigjährigen Krieg ISBN 3499162806
- Vol. 2: Von den Erhebungen gegen den Absolutismus bis zu den republikanischen Freischärlern 1848/49 ISBN 3499162814
- Vol. 3: Freiheitsbewegungen vom demokratischen Untergrund nach 1848 bis zu den Atomkraftgegnern ISBN 3499162822
- Morgenröte der Republik: Die linksrheinischen deutschen Demokraten 1789 - 1849 (1984), history. Ullstein-Verlag. ISBN 3548351999
- Gebt der Freiheit Flügel. Die Zeit der deutschen Jakobiner 1789-1805 (1988) 2 volume history. Rowohlt ISBN 3499183633
- Em Chrischdian sei Leich (1989), novel in Swabian dialect. Der Freiheitsbaum. ISBN 3922589057
- Edelweisspiraten–Erzählungen über eine wilde Jugendbewegung gegen die Nazis (1996), short stories inspired by the Edelweiss Pirates with illustrations by Angela Laich. Trotzdem-Verlag. ISBN 3922209610
- Joseph Süß Oppenheimer genannt Jud Süß: Finanzier, Freidenker, Justizopfer (1998), biography of Joseph Süß Oppenheimer. Rowohlt. ISBN 3498029177
- Den Hitler jag' ich in die Luft: Der Attentäter Georg Elser (1999), biography of Georg Elser. Rowohlt. ISBN 3871343714
A second edition, revised and expanded by the author was published in 2009 by Edition Nautilus. In 2013, Skyhorse Publishing published an english version of the book, translated by William Odom. It is titled Bombing Hitler: The Story of the Man Who Almost Assassinated the Führer.
- Tod in Prag: Das Attentat auf Reinhard Heydrich (2002), biography of Reinhard Heydrich. Rowohlt. ISBN 3498029657
- Märchenclown Druiknui (2005), children's book with illustrations by Haasis's daughter Flora and graphic artist Uli Trostowitsch. Der Freiheitsbaum. ISBN 3922589308
- Heisel Rein der Gscheite Narr (2008), novel in Swabian dialect, with illustrations by Uli Trostowitsch. Der Freiheitsbaum. ISBN 3922589324
- Volksbuch der verspotteten Päpste. Ein befreiendes Lachbuch (2011), satirical writing on the German pope, Benedict XVI. Der Freiheitsbaum. ISBN 978-3-922589-34-1.
- Totengedenkbuch für Joseph Süß Oppenheimer (2012, memorial book for Joseph Süß Oppenheimer. Worms. ISBN 978-3-936118-85-8.
- Südwest Presse (7 January 2012). Hellmut G. Haasis wird 70" (Hellmut G. Haasis turns 70). Retrieved 14 October 2012. (German)
- Hassis, Hellmut G. (1986) "Vaterlos im Himmel wie auf Erden" (Fatherless in heaven and on earth), originally published in Siegfried Rudolf Dunde (ed.), Vater im Himmel – seine Söhne auf Erden: Männer und Religion. Rowohlt. Retrieved 14 October 2012. (German)
- Südwest Presse (8 May 2010). "Im Schatten von Stauffenberg" (In the shadow of Stauffenberg). Retrieved 14 October 2012. (German)
- Haasis, Hellmut G. (1976) "Fiat – Legende und Wirklichkeit" in Karl-Markus Michel and Harald Wieser (eds.), Arbeitsorganisation: Ende des Taylorismus?, pp. 102–117. Kursbuch (German)
- See Institut für Graffiti-Forschung. Graffiti und Street-Art: News Nr. 113/2004 for examples of two of the postcards. Retrieved 16 October 2012. (German)
- Die Grünen und Unabhängigen, Reutlingen. Zur Geschichte der Grünen und Unabhängigen in Reutlingen (On the history of the Greens and Independents in Reutlingen). Retrieved 16 October 2012. (German)
- Freidenker (May 2009). "Hellmut G. Haasis: Heisel Rein der Gscheite Narr", pp. 12-15. Retrieved 14 October 2012. (German)
- Kürschners Deutscher Literatur-Kalender 2010-2011 (Kürschner's Almanac of German Literature) (2011). "Haasis, Hellmut G.". p. 359. Walter de Gruyter (German)
- Schwäbische Zeitung (17 October 2009). "Märchenclown Druiknui begeistert Grundschüler" (Fairy tale clown Druiknui excited elementary school students). Retrieved 14 October 2012. (German)
- CIVIS Media Foundation. CIVIS Media Prize for integration and cultural diversity in Europe: Prize winners and nominations 1988–2012. Retrieved 14 October 2012. (German)
- City of Aalen. Schubart Literary Prize winners. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- Ginzel, Günther B. (25 November 2009). "Psychogramm eines 'einfachen Mannes'" (Psychological portrait of a "common man"). Deutschlandradio. Retrieved 14 October 2012. (German)
- Langels, Otto (11 January 2010). "Widerstandskämpfer ohne Adelstitel" (Resistance fighters without noble titles). Deutschlandradio. Retrieved 14 October 2012. (German)
- Hellmut G. Haasis. Bombing Hitler: The Story of the Man Who Almost Assassinated the Fuhrer. Translated by William Odom. Skyhorse Publishing Company, Incorporated. ISBN 978-1-62087-954-2.
- Hellmut G. Haasis official website
- "The Left-Bank German Jacobins From the Mainz Republic to the First Democratic Constitution*, a summary article by Hellmut Haasis (in English translation) based on his 1984 book, Morgenröte der Republik: Die linksrheinischen deutschen Demokraten 1789 - 1849.
- Photographs of Haasis performing as the clown "Druiknui" in a German Montessori school.
- Works by and about Hellmut G. Haasis on WorldCat