Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
|Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren e.V.|
|Headquarters||Bonn and Berlin|
|Annual budget||3.4 billion Euro|
The Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres (German: Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren) is the largest scientific organisation in Germany. It is a union of 18 scientific-technical and biological-medical research centers. The official mission of the Association is "solving the grand challenges of science, society and industry". Scientists at Helmholtz therefore focus research on complex systems which affect human life and the environment. The namesake of the association is the German physiologist and physicist Hermann von Helmholtz.
The annual budget of the Helmholtz Association amounts to more than 3.4 billion euros, of which about 70% is raised from public funds. The remaining 30% of the budget is acquired by the 18 individual Helmholtz Centres in the form of contract funding. The public funds are provided by the federal government (90%) and the rest by the States of Germany (10%).
Members of the Helmholtz Association are:
- Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforschung (AWI) Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven
- Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) German Electron Synchrotron, Hamburg
- Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg (DKFZ) German Cancer Research Centre, Heidelberg
- Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) German Aerospace Center, Köln
- Deutsches Zentrum für Neurodegenerative Erkrankungen (DZNE) German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Bonn
- Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ) Jülich Research Centre, Jülich
- Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), (formerly Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe), Karlsruhe
- Helmholtz Zentrum für Infektionsforschung (HZI) Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig
- Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam
- Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Centre for Materials and Coastal Research (HZG), Geesthacht
- Helmholtz Zentrum München German Research Centre for Environmental Health (HMGU), Neuherberg
- GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research, Darmstadt
- Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie (HZB), Berlin
- Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung (UFZ) Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig
- Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (IPP), Garching
- Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine (MDC), Berlin-Buch
- Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) formerly known as Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (FZD) changed 2011 from the Leibniz Association to the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Dresden
The works of the centres are categorised into programmes, which are divided into six research groups. The Helmholtz centres are grouped according to which research group they belong to:
- Energy includes contributions from DLR, KIT, FZJ, GFZ, HZB, HZDR, IPP. Topics are Renewable energies,energy efficient conversion, nuclear fusion and nuclear safety.
- Earth and environment is studied at AWI, DLR, FZJ, KIT, HZI, GFZ, HZG, HMGU, UFZ. Topics are the The changing earth, marine, coastal and polar systems, atmosphere and climate, biogeosystems and the topic terrestrial environment.
- Health is studied at the DKFZ, FZJ, KIT, HZI, DZNE HZG, HMGU, GSI, HZB, HZDR, MDC, and UFZ. This includes cancer research, cardio-vascular and metabolic disease research, (dys)function of the nervous system, infection and immunity, environmental health studies, comparative genomics for human health.
- Structure of Matter is studied at DESY, FZJ, KIT, HZG, GSI, HZB), HZDR. Topics are elementary and astroparticle physics, hadrons and nuclear physics, PNI-research (research with Photons, Neutrons and Ions), aeronautics, space and transport research.
The Helmholtz Climate Initiative
Eight of the above mentioned Helmholtz centers are part of the Helmholtz Climate Initiative Regional Climate (in German: Regionale Klimainitiative) REKLIM in order to tackle the interactions between atmosphere, sea ice, ocean and land surfaces. These interactions determine the climate of the Earth. Detailed observations and process studies are combined within the initiative. For the funding period 2009-2013 the REKLIM-initiative has a budget of 32.2 million Euro. In this funding period, the program is divided into seven topics, each of the topics is organized in various work-packages.
- Coupled modelling of regional earth systems. Model regions are the Arctic and Europe. Highly resolved regional model are used to simulate atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, ice sheets, land surface, soil, vegetation, aerosol chemistry and other components on a regional scale.
- Sea-level changes and coastal protection. The effects of glacier and ice-stream dynamics, the response of the ocean on heating and melt water run-off are studied in particularly for Greenland.
- Regional climate changes in the Arctic Forcing and long-term effects at the land-ocean interface
- The land surface in the climate system
- Chemistry-climate interactions on global to regional scales
- Extreme weather events Storms, heavy precipitation, floods and droughts
- Socio-economics and management Climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies
In the second funding period (2011-2015), three additional topics have been added.
Note: Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe is often abbreviated as FZK, although this violates the rights of Feuerverzinkerei FZK Karlsruhe.
- Helmholtz Association - About Us retrieved 24-May-2012.
- "Pressemitteilung vom 22. Juni 2009: Per Unterschrift besiegelt – das FZD wechselt zur Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren (german)". FZD. 2009-05-22. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
- "Helmholtz-Verbund Regionale Klimaänderungen (REKLIM)". Süddeutsches Klimabüro. Retrieved 2013-11-04.
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