|Born||5 December 1895|
|Died||12 June 1971 (aged 75)|
|Institutions||University of Würzburg|
|Alma mater||University of Munich|
|Doctoral advisor||Ernst Wagner|
|Doctoral students||Elmar Zeitler|
|Known for||Studies of X-ray behaviour|
His father was the virtuoso violinist Georg Kulenkampff (1898-1948).
Helmuth Kulenkampff (5 December 1895 – 12 June 1971) was a physicist notable for his studies of X-rays. He obtained his PhD in 1922 under Ernst Wagner at the University of Munich with a thesis entitled: Über das Kontinuierliche Röntgenspektrum (On the continuous X-ray spectrum).
In 1937, Alfred Ehmert made the surprising observation that cosmic ray absorption in water is less than in air for same effective thickness. In 1938, Kulenkampff was the first to correctly explain this effect in terms of meson decay, and this then enabled Hans Heinrich Euler and Werner Heisenberg to calculate an improved figure for meson decay time.
- Laurie M. Brown and Helmut Rechenberg, The Origin of the Concept of Nuclear Forces, IOP, 1996, p. 181.
- Kulenkampff's math genealogy
- Kulenkampff family connections
- An account of Kulenkampff's opposition to the Nazi X-ray gun
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