US picture sleeve
|Single by the Beatles|
|from the album Help!|
|Recorded||13 April 1965|
|The Beatles UK singles chronology|
|The Beatles US singles chronology|
"Help!" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles that served as the title song for the 1965 film and its soundtrack album. It was released as a single in July 1965, and was number one for three weeks in the United States and the United Kingdom.
Credited to Lennon–McCartney, "Help!" was written by John Lennon with some help from Paul McCartney. During an interview with Playboy in 1980, Lennon recounted: "The whole Beatles thing was just beyond comprehension. I was subconsciously crying out for help".
The documentary series The Beatles Anthology revealed that Lennon wrote the lyrics of the song to express his stress after the Beatles' quick rise to success. "I was fat and depressed and I was crying out for 'Help'", Lennon told Playboy. Writer Ian MacDonald describes the song as the first crack in the protective shell Lennon had built around his emotions during the Beatles' rise to fame, and an important milestone in his songwriting style.
In the 1970 Rolling Stone "Lennon Remembers" interviews, Lennon said that the song was one of his favourites among the Beatles songs he wrote. In these interviews, Lennon said he felt that "Help!" and "Strawberry Fields Forever" were his most honest, genuine Beatles songs and not just songs "written to order". According to Lennon's cousin and boyhood friend Stanley Parkes, "Help!" was written after Lennon "came in from the studio one night. 'God,' he said, 'they've changed the title of the film: it's going to be called 'Help!' now. So I've had to write a new song with the title called 'Help!'."
The Beatles recorded "Help!" in 12 takes on 13 April 1965 using four-track equipment. The first nine takes concentrated on the instrumental backing. The descending lead guitar riff that precedes each verse proved to be difficult, so by take 4 it was decided to postpone it for an overdub. To guide the later overdub by George Harrison, Lennon thumped the beat on his acoustic guitar body, which can be heard in the final stereo mix. Lead and backing vocals were recorded twice onto take 9, along with a tambourine. A reduction mix was applied to the two vocal tracks, taking three attempts (takes 10 to 12), freeing up a track for the lead guitar overdub. This was the group's first use of two 4-track machines for "bouncing".
The vocals were re-recorded for the film during a session on 24 May 1965 at CTS Studios, a facility specializing in post-synchronisation. In addition to attempting a better vocal performance, the session might have been done to eliminate the tambourine (which had been on the same track as the vocals) since no tambourine appeared in the film sequence. With the new vocals, a mono mix was created at CTS Studios which was used for the film soundtrack. Mixes for record releases were prepared on 18 June. For the mono version, Martin decided to use a mix of the opening chorus of take 12 edited to the remainder of the CTS film mix. Because all instruments were combined on a single track for the CTS session, it could not be used for a stereo mix, so the stereo mix was made from take 12.
This film version of the song was only heard on the original VHS releases of the movie, later replaced by the stereo mixes. A true release was never issued. New mixes were created for releases of the Help! CD (1987), the Love album (2006), and the Help! DVD (2007).
"Help!" went to number 1 on both the UK and US singles charts in late summer 1965. It was the fourth of six number 1 singles in a row on the American charts: "I Feel Fine", "Eight Days a Week", "Ticket to Ride", "Help!", "Yesterday" and "We Can Work It Out". At the following year's Ivor Novello Awards, "Help!" was named as the second best-selling single of 1965, behind "We Can Work It Out". "Help!" was nominated in four categories at the 1966 Grammy Awards but failed to win in any of them.
The song appears on the Help! LP, the US Help! soundtrack, 1962–1966, the Imagine: John Lennon soundtrack, 1, Love, and The Capitol Albums, Volume 2. The mono version (with different vocals and no tambourine) was included on the Beatles' Rarities LP and in The Beatles in Mono collection. The American soundtrack album included a James Bond-type introduction to the song, followed by a caesura just before the opening lyric. No such introduction appeared on the British soundtrack album, nor was it included in the released single in either country.
Although Lennon was proud of "Help!" and the honesty it conveyed, he expressed regret that the Beatles had recorded it at such a fast tempo in the interests of giving the track more commercial appeal. Music critic Dave Marsh disagreed, saying: "'Help!' isn't a compromise; it's bursting with vitality … [Lennon] sounds triumphant, because he's found a group of kindred spirits who are offering the very spiritual assistance and emotional support for which he's begging. Paul's echoing harmonies, Ringo's jaunty drums, the boom of George's guitar speak to the heart of Lennon's passion, and though they cannot cure the wound, at least they add a note of reassurance that he's not alone with his pain."
The Beatles filmed the title performance for the movie Help! on 22 April 1965. The same footage (without the darts and credits seen in the film sequence) was used as a clip to promote the release of the single. It was shown starting in July 1965 on programmes such as Top of the Pops and Thank Your Lucky Stars. They made another promotional clip of "Help!" on 23 November 1965 for inclusion in the year-end recap special of Top of the Pops. Directed by Joseph McGrath, the black-and-white clip shows the group miming to the song while sitting astride a workbench. Starr holds an umbrella overhead throughout the song, which becomes useful as fake snow falls during the final verse. The November 1965 promo was included in the Beatles' 2015 video compilation 1.
The Beatles performed "Help!" live on the 1 August 1965 broadcast of Blackpool Night Out, which was included in the Anthology 2 album and shown during The Beatles Anthology documentary. On 14 August, the group recorded a live performance of "Help!" and five other songs for The Ed Sullivan Show, broadcast the following month; the show is available on the DVD The 4 Complete Ed Sullivan Shows Starring The Beatles.
"Help!" was included in the set list for The Beatles' 1965 US tour. The 15 August performance at Shea Stadium was seen in the 1966 documentary The Beatles at Shea Stadium, although the audio for the song was re-recorded prior to release. The group's 29 August performance at the Hollywood Bowl was chosen for the 1977 album The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl. The final live concert performances of "Help!" took place on The Beatles' 1965 UK tour in December.
- John Lennon – double-tracked lead vocals, acoustic guitar
- Paul McCartney – bass guitar, backing vocals
- George Harrison – lead guitar, backing vocals
- Ringo Starr – drums, tambourine
Charts and certifications
The song reached number one in several other countries in 1965 according to charts listed in Billboard's "Hits of the World" feature at the time: Australia, Hong Kong, New Zealand, and Sweden.
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|Single by Bananarama & Lananeeneenoonoo|
|from the album Greatest Hits Collection|
|Released||13 February 1989|
|Producer(s)||Stock Aitken Waterman|
|Bananarama singles chronology|
British girl group Bananarama covered the song with comedians French & Saunders and Kathy Burke, who were credited as Lananeeneenoonoo, which is a spoof on the Bananarama name. The song was released in February 1989 as the Red Nose Day single to raise money for Comic Relief. It was then included on the 1989 re-release of Bananarama's Greatest Hits Collection album. The single peaked at number three on the UK Singles Chart and was a Top-10 hit in several countries.
Background and release
In December 1988, comedy duo French and Saunders did a Christmas special sketch that poked fun at Bananarama, with Dawn French playing a character based on Keren Woodward and Jennifer Saunders playing Sara Dallin. Guest comedian Kathy Burke played a character based on Jacquie O'Sullivan. The sketch featured the trio recording music, being interviewed and making a video.
Bananarama said they "saw [the sketch] before it was even on television" and "everyone thought we would be furious... but we really laughed. It was hilarious". After the sketch, Comic Relief decided to get in touch with French and Saunders to ask if they would do a single with Bananarama, so long as the latter would agree to it, which they did "without hesitation".
The single was then released in February, for the second ever Red Nose Day, with two-thirds of money from the sales of the single going to relief work in Africa and the other third going to fight homelessness and drug and alcohol abuse in the UK and in Ireland. With the huge popular success of the Red Nose Day, the single was also a hit, peaking at number 3 in the UK on the week of the Red Nose Day (10 March) and staying at that position the following week. This meant it became Bananarama's joint highest charting song, along with "Robert De Niro's Waiting" and "Love in the First Degree".
"Help!" was released with the B-side of a different version of the song, titled with the bracketed 'Straight Version', which removed the comedic parts by Lananeeneenoonoo. The 12-inch single featured another collaboration with Lananeeneenoonoo, "Love in a Factory", an outtake-esque improvised conversation.
Outside of the UK, in Europe and Japan, on the 7-inch single the sides were swapped with the 'Straight Version' of the song being released as the A-side. This was most likely due to the fact the three comedians were not so well known outside of the UK.
The music video was directed by Andy Morahan and features the members of Bananarama and Lananeeneenoonoo (dressed like in the Bananarama sketch) singing and dancing in the snow along with several shirtless men, credited as Bassie, Norman and Paul. As well as this, there are clips of Lananeeneenoonoo recording their backing vocals whilst the production team look in despair at their 'singing'.
7-inch: London / LON 222 (UK)
- "Help!" – 2:58
- "Help" (Straight Version) – 2:22
- "Help!" (Straight version) – 2:22
- "Help!" (Comedy version) – 2:58
12-inch: London / LONX 222 (UK)
- "Help!" (Extended version) – 6:31
- "Love in a Factory" (Extended version) – 4:17
CD: London / LONCD 222 (UK)
- "Help!" – 2:58
- "Help" (Straight version) – 2:22
- "Love in a Factory" (Extended version) – 4:17
CD Mini: London / 886 598-3 / P00L 40008 (Germany & Japan)
- "Help" (Straight Version) – 2:22
- "Help!" – 2:58
- Sara Dallin – vocals
- Jacquie O'Sullivan – vocals
- Keren Woodward – vocals
- Dawn French – backing vocals
- Jennifer Saunders – backing vocals
- Kathy Burke – backing vocals
- Matt Aitken – guitar, keyboards
- Mike Stock – keyboards
- George De Angelis – additional keyboards
- As on other Stock Aikten Waterman productions, the drummer is credited as 'A. Linn' (based on the Linn 9000)
- Karen Hewitt, Yoyo – engineering
- Pete Hammond – mixing
- Chris McDonnell, Gordon Dennis, Jason Barron, Pete Day, Steve Davies – assistant mixing
- Terry O'Neill – photography
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Silver||200,000^|
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
Other cover versions
- John Farnham released a much-slower tempo, piano-based ballad version of the song in 1980. His version peaked at No. 8 on the Australian Kent Music Report Singles Chart.
- Tina Turner recorded the song for her 1984 album Private Dancer. Her version was a top forty hit in several countries, including Belgium, the Netherlands, and the UK.
- Roxette in November 1995, at London’s iconic Abbey Road studio, Roxette’s Marie Fredriksson and Per Gessle paid homage the fab four with this wonderful acoustic version of The Beatles’ classic 1965 track, “Help!”.
- In 2001, a version recorded by Howie Day was included on the soundtrack to the film I Am Sam, which consisted entirely of Beatles covers. His version was much slower than the original, a unique tempo change in a soundtrack which otherwise mimicked the tempos of the Beatles's original recordings used during the film's production. The original Beatles songs were changed to covers at the last minute, due to licensing issues.
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