US picture sleeve
|Single by the Beatles|
|from the album Help!|
19 July 1965 (US)|
23 July 1965 (UK)
13 April 1965,|
EMI Studios, London
|The Beatles UK singles chronology|
|The Beatles US singles chronology|
"Help!" is a song by the Beatles that served as the title song for both the 1965 film and its soundtrack album. It was released as a single in July 1965, and was number one for three weeks in both the United States and the United Kingdom.
Credited to Lennon–McCartney, "Help!" was written by John Lennon with some assistance from Paul McCartney. During an interview with Playboy in 1980, Lennon recounted: "The whole Beatles thing was just beyond comprehension. I was subconsciously crying out for help".
The documentary series The Beatles Anthology revealed that Lennon wrote the lyrics of the song to express his stress after the Beatles' quick rise to success. "I was fat and depressed and I was crying out for 'Help'", Lennon told Playboy. Writer Ian MacDonald describes the song as the first crack in the protective shell Lennon had built around his emotions during the Beatles' rise to fame, and an important milestone in his songwriting style.
In the 1970 Rolling Stone "Lennon Remembers" interviews, Lennon said that the song was one of his favourites among the Beatles songs he wrote. In these interviews, Lennon said he felt that "Help!" and "Strawberry Fields Forever" were his most honest, genuine Beatles songs and not just songs "written to order". According to Lennon's cousin and boyhood friend Stanley Parkes, "Help!" was written after Lennon "came in from the studio one night. 'God,' he said, 'they've changed the title of the film: it's going to be called 'Help!' now. So I've had to write a new song with the title called 'Help!'."
The Beatles recorded "Help!" in 12 takes on 13 April 1965 using four-track equipment. The first nine takes concentrated on the instrumental backing. The descending lead guitar riff that precedes each verse proved to be difficult, so by take 4 it was decided to postpone it for an overdub. To guide the later overdub by George Harrison, Lennon thumped the beat on his acoustic guitar body, which can be heard in the final stereo mix. Lead and backing vocals were recorded twice onto take 9, along with a tambourine. A reduction mix was applied to the two vocal tracks, taking three attempts (takes 10 to 12), freeing up a track for the lead guitar overdub. This was the group's first use of two 4-track machines for "bouncing".
The vocals were re-recorded for the film during a session on 24 May 1965 at CTS Studios, a facility specializing in post-synchronisation. In addition to attempting a better vocal performance, the session might have been done to eliminate the tambourine (which had been on the same track as the vocals) since no tambourine appeared in the film sequence. With the new vocals, a mono mix was created at CTS Studios which was used for the film soundtrack. Mixes for record releases were prepared on 18 June. For the mono version, Martin decided to use a mix of the opening chorus of take 12 edited to the remainder of the CTS film mix. Because all instruments were combined on a single track for the CTS session, it could not be used for a stereo mix, so the stereo mix was made from take 12.
This film version of the song was only heard on the original VHS releases of the movie, later replaced by the stereo mixes. A true release was never issued. New mixes were created for releases of the Help! CD (1987), the Love album (2006), and the Help! DVD (2007).
"Help!" went to number 1 on both the UK and US singles charts in late summer 1965. It was the fourth of six number 1 singles in a row on the American charts: "I Feel Fine", "Eight Days a Week", "Ticket to Ride", "Help!", "Yesterday" and "We Can Work It Out". At the following year's Ivor Novello Awards, "Help!" was named as the second best-selling single of 1965, behind "We Can Work It Out". "Help!" was nominated in four categories at the 1966 Grammy Awards but failed to win in any of them.
The song appears on the Help! LP, the US Help! soundtrack, 1962–1966, the Imagine: John Lennon soundtrack, 1, Love, and The Capitol Albums, Volume 2. The mono version (with different vocals and no tambourine) was included on the Beatles' Rarities LP and in The Beatles in Mono collection. The American soundtrack album included a James Bond-type introduction to the song, followed by a caesura just before the opening lyric. No such introduction appeared on the British soundtrack album, nor was it included in the released single in either country.
Although Lennon was proud of "Help!" and the honesty it conveyed, he expressed regret that the Beatles had recorded it at such a fast tempo in the interests of giving the track more commercial appeal. Music critic Dave Marsh refuted this idea, saying: "'Help!' isn't a compromise; it's bursting with vitality … [Lennon] sounds triumphant, because he's found a group of kindred spirits who are offering the very spiritual assistance and emotional support for which he's begging. Paul's echoing harmonies, Ringo's jaunty drums, the boom of George's guitar speak to the heart of Lennon's passion, and though they cannot cure the wound, at least they add a note of reassurance that he's not alone with his pain."
The Beatles filmed the title performance for the movie Help! on 22 April 1965. The same footage (without the darts and credits seen in the film sequence) was used as a clip to promote the release of the single. It was shown starting in July 1965 on programmes such as Top of the Pops and Thank Your Lucky Stars. They made another promotional clip of "Help!" on 23 November 1965 for inclusion in the year-end recap special of Top of the Pops. Directed by Joseph McGrath, the black-and-white clip shows the group miming to the song while sitting astride a workbench. Starr holds an umbrella overhead throughout the song, which becomes useful as fake snow falls during the final verse. The November 1965 promo was included in the Beatles' 2015 video compilation 1.
The Beatles performed "Help!" live on the 1 August 1965 broadcast of Blackpool Night Out, which was included in the Anthology 2 album and shown during The Beatles Anthology documentary. On 14 August, the group recorded a live performance of "Help!" and five other songs for The Ed Sullivan Show, broadcast the following month; the show is available on the DVD The 4 Complete Ed Sullivan Shows Starring The Beatles.
"Help!" was included in the set list for The Beatles' 1965 US tour. The 15 August performance at Shea Stadium was seen in the 1966 documentary The Beatles at Shea Stadium, although the audio for the song was re-recorded prior to release. The group's 29 August performance at the Hollywood Bowl was chosen for the 1977 album The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl. The final live concert performances of "Help!" were heard within The Beatles' 1965 UK tour in December.
Use in advertising
In February 1985, "Help!" became the first Beatles song licensed for a US television commercial. The Lincoln–Mercury division of Ford Motor Company paid $100,000 for the rights to the song, but not for the use of the original Beatles' recording. The song was re-created by a sound-alike group with assistance from George Martin. The US electronics and appliance chain hhgregg used a cover version of the song in their ads. The song was once used in a Halifax advert.
- John Lennon – double-tracked lead vocals, acoustic twelve-string rhythm guitar
- Paul McCartney – vocals, bass guitar
- George Harrison – lead guitar, backing vocals
- Ringo Starr – drums, tambourine
Charts and certifications
The song reached number one in several other countries in 1965 according to charts listed in Billboard's "Hits of the World" feature at the time: Australia, Hong Kong, New Zealand, and Sweden.
|Song by Joe Cocker|
|Genre||Psychedelic rock, hard rock|
Parlophone (UK (England))|
|Song by Deep Purple|
|from the album Shades of Deep Purple|
11–13 May 1968 |
Pye Studios, London
|Genre||Psychedelic rock, hard rock|
Parlophone (UK (England))|
|Shades of Deep Purple track listing|
|Single by Tina Turner|
|from the album Private Dancer|
|B-side||"Rock 'n' Roll Widow"|
|Released||25 February 1984|
|Format||7", 12" single|
|Producer(s)||Wilton Felder, Ndugu Chancler, Joe Sample|
|Tina Turner singles chronology|
|Single by Bananarama (with Lananeeneenoonoo)|
|from the album Greatest Hits Collection|
|Format||7" single, 12" single, CD single|
|Producer(s)||Stock Aitken Waterman|
|Bananarama singles chronology|
- 1976Henry Gross covered "Help!" for the musical documentary All This and World War II. John Lennon once stated that this was his favourite version of the song; George Harrison and Paul McCartney are backup vocalists.:
- 1980John Farnham released the song as a piano-based ballad at a much-slower tempo - the first artist to do so. His version peaked at No.–8 on the Australian : Kent Music Report Singles Chart.
- 1982South African rock group Hotline, featuring PJ Powers, released the song as a single.:
- 1984Tina Turner released a ballad version of the song (recorded with the Crusaders) that peaked at number 14 in the Netherlands, number 25 in Belgium and number 40 in the United Kingdom. The song was included on European editions of her album Private Dancer. It was a staple of her live shows for a time, and appears on her double album Tina Live in Europe and the Private Dancer Tour concert film.:
- 12 June 1985Roy Orbison performed a shorter version of the song at much slower tempo for the television documentary Everyman: John Lennon "Journey In The Life".:
- 1989The song was recorded by Bananarama (with French & Saunders and Kathy Burke) and released as the Red Nose Day single to raise money for Comic Relief. French, Saunders and Burke were credited as "Lananeeneenoonoo" (a parody of Bananarama, whom they imitated in the French & Saunders television programme). This version is one of Bananarama's best charting singles, and reached #3 in the UK charts. It was Bananarama's last UK Top 10 single. The song was featured on the 1989 Christmas episode ("The Jolly Boys Outing") of Only Fools and Horses. It was included on reissues of the band's : The Greatest Hits Collection compilation in 1989.
- 2003Art Paul Schlosser recorded a parody of "Help!" ("Smelt"), which appears on his Words of Cheese and Other Parrot CD.:
- The song featured in "Cutting It Close", an episode of Full House, when Jesse Katsopolis breaks both of his arms in a motorcycle accident and has to adjust to a life in which he always needs assistance.
- The song was also used in commercials for defunct phone company GTE, during the 1990s.
- The lyrics are quoted in the film Yellow Submarine; when Young Fred knocks on the Beatles' door, he says, "Won't you please, please help me?"
- In the Only Fools and Horses episode "The Jolly Boys' Outing", Mickey Pearce sings "Won't you please, please help me?" to a sleeping Albert, prompting Albert to tell him to "Get off, you noisy little git!" The version playing on the radio as Mickey sings is the Bananarama cover version rather than the original.
- Several Major League Baseball teams (notably the New York Yankees) play the song when the opposing manager/pitching coach go out for a mound visit.
- Unterberger, Richie. "1960s-Folk-Rock Overview". www.richieunterberger.com. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
- "500 Greatest Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone.
- Spitz 2005, p. 555.
- Sullivan, Steve (2013). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings. Scarecrow Press. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-8108-8296-6.
- Lennon.net 2004, p. 5.
- MacDonald 2003, p. 153.
- Miles 1998, p. 199.
- Beatles Interview Database 1984, p. 2.
- Winn 2008, pp. 314-316.
- Help! stereo remaster 2009 inlay card, "Recording notes".
- Winn 2008, p. 320.
- Ryan & Kehew 2006, p. 392.
- Wallgren 1982, pp. 38–45.
- Miles 2001, p. 236.
- Miles 2001, p. 226.
- Lewisohn 2000, p. 190.
- Lewisohn 2000, pp. 206-208.
- Rowe, Matt (18 September 2015). "The Beatles 1 To Be Reissued With New Audio Remixes... And Videos". The Morton Report. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
- Winn 2008, pp. 337-338.
- Lewisohn 2000, pp. 198-199.
- Lewisohn 2000, p. 215.
- Winn 2008, p. 354.
- Badman 2009, p. 352.
- Miller 1988, p. 198.
- "14 New Chicago Area HHGregg Stores To Open Thursday". CBS Chicago. September 13, 2011.
- MacDonald 2005, p. 153.
- "Austriancharts.at – The Beatles – Help" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "Ultratop.be – The Beatles – Help" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "Top RPM Singles: Issue 5644." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Help". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 32, 1965" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – The Beatles – Help!" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – The Beatles – Help!". VG-lista. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "Swedish Charts 1962–March 1966/Kvällstoppen – Listresultaten vecka för vecka > Augusti 1965" (PDF) (in Swedish). hitsallertijden.nl. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "The Beatles Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- Hoffmann, Frank (1983). The Cash Box Singles Charts, 1950-1981. Metuchen, NJ & London: The Scarecrow Press, Inc. pp. 32–34.
- "Offizielle Deutsche Charts" (Enter "Beatles" in the search box) (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "Hits of the World". Billboard. 18 September 1965. p. 30. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- "Hits of the World". Billboard. 25 September 1965. p. 34. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- Cash Box Year-End Charts: Top 100 Pop Singles, December 25, 1965
- Copsey, Rob (19 September 2017). "The UK's Official Chart 'millionaires' revealed". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
- "American single certifications – The Beatles – Help". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 14 May 2016. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
- "All This and World War II". In The Life Of ... The Beatles. Google. 29 April 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- "Help! by The Beatles". Songfacts. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "PJ Powers and Hotline". South African Rock Encyclopedia. 1999–2011. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- "Crusaders - Vocal Album CD". CD Universe. 1996–2012. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- "Help!". The Beatles Universe. Archived from the original on 10 November 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- "Comic Relief singles 1986-2001". UK Charts. 24 April 2003. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- Badman, Keith (2009). The Beatles Diary, Volume 2: After the Break-Up. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-85712-001-4.
- Compton, Todd (2017). Who Wrote the Beatle Songs? A History of Lennon-McCartney. San Jose: Pahreah Press. ISBN 978-0-9988997-0-1.
- "Playboy Interview With Paul and Linda McCartney". Beatles Interview Database. 1984. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
- Lewisohn, Mark (2000). The Complete Beatles Chronicle. London: Hamlyn. ISBN 0-600-60033-5.
- Miles, Barry (1998). Paul McCartney: Many Years From Now. New York: Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 0-8050-5249-6.
- Miles, Barry (2001). The Beatles Diary Volume 1: The Beatles Years. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-8308-9.
- Miller, Mark Crispin (1988). Boxed In: The Culture of TV. Northwestern University Press. ISBN 0-8101-0792-9.
- Pollack, Alan W. (2000). "Notes on "Help!"". Notes On ... Series. Retrieved 5 December 2009.
- Ryan, Kevin; Kehew, Brian (2006). Recording The Beatles. Houston: Curvebender. ISBN 0-9785200-0-9.
- Spitz, Bob (2005). The Beatles: The Biography. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-80352-9.
- Wallgren, Mark (1982). The Beatles on Record. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-45682-2.
- Winn, John C. (2008). Way Beyond Compare: The Beatles' Recorded Legacy, 1957-1965. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-0-307-45157-6.
- "An Interview with Stanley Parks". Lennon.net. 2004. Archived from the original on 15 January 2009.
- MacDonald, Ian (2005). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties (Second Revised ed.). London: Pimlico (Rand). ISBN 1-84413-828-3.
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