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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents pronunciations of most Australian Aboriginal languages in Wikipedia articles. Only a few languages on the continent have sounds not in the tables below.
|b̥, b||spy, by|
|d̥, d||stool, do|
|ɖ̥, ɖ||strudle, drew|
|ɡ̊, ɡ||sky, guy|
|ɟ̊, ɟ||dew (UK), Jew|
|ʎ||million, (UK) lewd|
|ɲ||canyon, (UK) new|
|ɾ||setting (US), bury (Scots)|
|ɻ||red (some Irish or West Country dialects; pronounced with rounded lips)|
|ʈ||time (Indian dialects)|
|i, ɪ||see, sit|
|u, ʊ||food, foot|
- The sounds [b̥ d̪̥ d̥ ɖ̥ ɟ̊ ɡ̊] are often pronounced tenuis, like spy, sty, stew/chew, sky (like French or Spanish p, t, tch/ch, k) at the beginnings of words, and voiced, like buy, die, dew/Jew, guy between vowels, but that is variable, and the distinction is not meaningful in Australian languages.
- The plain consonants [d̥ l n] are like English sty, noose, lose, with the tip of the tongue touching the gums, and the consonants with the 'bridge' under them, [d̪̥ l̪ n̪], are like t n l in French or Spanish, with the tip of the tongue touching the teeth and its upper surface touching the gums, giving them a light sound. The alveolar–dental distinction is very important in most Australian languages.
- The consonants with a 'tail', [ɖ̥ ɭ ɳ ɽ], are pronounced with the tonɡue curled back, which gives them a dark "r"-like retroflex quality
- The consonants [ɟ̊ ʎ ɲ] are pronounced with a y-like quality. English dy, ly, ny are similar.
- The vowels i and u typically vary across [i] ~ [ɪ] ~ [e] and [u] ~ [ʊ] ~ [o], respectively. However, a few Australian languages distinguish both sounds.