Help:IPA/Czech

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Czech language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-cs}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Czech phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Czech.

Consonants
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
b být, bzukot
beat
c lať, těšit, ticho, loď, loďka between skew and UK stew[note 1]
d délka, odběr, modlitba delta
dz kamikadze, leckdo heads
bán, léčba jab
f foukat, flétna, kavka, lov focus
ɡ gram, gril, kdo gag
ɦ hořet, hbitost ahead
j jenom yellow, boy
ɟ ďas, děda, dík, between ague and UK dew[note 2]
k kolo, ping-pong, který scald
l lak lack
Vltava, kýbl little
m mouka mocha
sedm rhythm
n nyní ninny
ɲ laň, koně, nyní canyon
ŋ Hanka sing
p pyl, pes, lebka, šváb spill
r robot robot (trilled)
vrba, vichr lover (US, trilled)
řeka, řvát No English equivalent; simultaneous [r] and [ʒ]
r̝̊ chřest, keř No English equivalent; simultaneous [] and [ʃ]
s stůl, krása, zkáza, kaz stole
ʃ šelest, štěstí, muž, vážka shell
t ten, matka, led, podkova stand
ts cena, pocta bats
čas, kočka, poněva chase
v vítr, vdova wave
x chomout, prach, nehty,

práh

loch
z zima, uzda, sdružení zoo
ʒ žár, kaž sabotage
Vowels
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
a matka pasta
máma father
ɛ let, světlo let
ɛː létat square (UK)
ɪ klid, byl kid
klít, být clean
o pod pot (UK)
móda thought (UK)
u kup full, bull
úroda, kůlna fool
Diphthongs
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
au auto out
ɛu euro say oo
ou louka local (US)
IPA Other
ˈ Primary stress. Stress falls on the first syllable of a word.
. Syllable break, e.g. nauka [ˈna.uka] is three syllables, not two.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Alveolo-palatal. Substantially closer to t than to k.
  2. ^ Alveolo-palatal. Substantially closer to d than to g.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dankovičová, Jana (1999), "Czech", Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 70–74, ISBN 0-521-65236-7
  • Šimáčková, Šárka; Podlipský, Václav Jonáš; Chládková, Kateřina (2012), "Czech spoken in Bohemia and Moravia" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 42 (2): 225–232, doi:10.1017/S0025100312000102