Help:IPA/Egyptian Arabic

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The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Egyptian Arabic pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-arz}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Egyptian Arabic phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Egyptian Arabic.

The romanization of the examples is the commonly used form in Egypt.

Consonants
IPA Arabic letter Example Romanization English approximation
ʔ ء, أ, إ, آ, ؤ, ئ, ق مؤمن
[ˈmoʔmen]
Moamen uh-(ʔ)oh
ʕ ع عين
[ʕeːn]
ein no equivalent
b ب بواب
[bæwˈwæːb]
bawab bike
d د دقه
dæʔʔæ]
dakka done
ض ضمير
[ɑˈmiːɾ]
damir emphatic /d/
f ف فول
[fuːl]
foul fast
ɡ ج جمال
[ɡæˈmæːl]
Gamal gas
h هـ هشام
[heˈʃæːm]
Hesham hat
ħ ح حب
[ħob]
hob no equivalent
j ى ياما
jæːmæ]
yama yes
k ك كوارع
[kæˈwæːɾeʕ]
kawarea skin
l ل لمبه
lɑmbɑ]
lamba lip
m م مازوره
[mɑˈzuːɾɑ]
mazoura mother
n ن نونو
nnu]
nounou nest
q[1] ق القاهره
[elqɑ(ː)ˈheɾɑ]
el Kahera no equivalent
ɾ ر راجل
ɾɑːɡel]
ragel run
s س
ث
سوق
[suːʔ]

ثامر
sæːmeɾ]

souk

Thamer

sorry
ص صباح
[ɑˈbɑːħ]
Sabah emphatic /s/
ʃ ش شوربه
ʃoɾbɑ]
shorba ship
t ت تف
[tæf]
taf star
ط طارق
ɑːɾeʔ]
Tarek emphatic /t/
w و وش
[weʃ]
wesh water
x خ خريف
[xæˈɾiːf]
kharif loch (Scottish English)
ɣ غ غسيل
[ɣæˈsiːl]
ghasil French R
z ز ذ زباله
[zeˈbæːlæ]
zebala zebra
ظ ظابط
ɑːbet]
zabet emphatic /z/
Non-native Consonants[2]
p پ ب پيتر
piːteɾ, -tɑɾ]
Peter spark
v ڤ ف نيڤين
[nɪˈviːn, ne-]
Nevin view
ʒ چ ج چورچ
[ʒʒ]
George vision
Vowels
IPA Example Romanization English approximation
Monophthongs
æ جمال
æˈmæːl]
Gamal man
ɑ لمبه
[ˈlɑmbɑ]
lamba father
ɪ~e[3] انتى
enti]
enti sit or set
i[3] انتى
[ˈenti]
enti happy
ʊ~o[4] انتو
[ˈentʊ]
ento put or more
u[4] نونو
[ˈnuːnu]
nounou food
æː جمال
[ɡæˈmæːl]
Gamal man
ɑː بابا
[ˈbɑːbɑ]
baba father
ليل
[ll]
leil bay
حبيبى
[ħæˈbbi]
habibi need
روح
ħ]
roh more
فول
[fl]
foul food
Diphthongs (vowel+glide)
æj أيمن
[ˈʔæjmæn]
Ayman
ɑj مايه
[ˈmɑj.jɑ]
mayya white
æw دوله
[ˈdæwlæ]
dawla
ɑw دوره
[ˈdɑwɾɑ]
dawra
ej ميه
[ˈmej.jæ]
meyya
ew~ow اوعه
[ˈ(ʔ)ewʕæ]
ewaa
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA examples Explanation
ˈ جميل
/ɡæˈmiːl/ ("beautiful")
Indicates that the following syllable is stressed.
ː ليل
/leːl/ ("night")
Indicates that the preceding vowel is long.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The classicized consonant [q] only occurs in Classical Arabic borrowings and proper nouns.
  2. ^ The phonemes /p/, /v/ and /ʒ/ are only found in loanwords and they can be pronounced as /b/, /f/ and /ʃ/ respectively depending on the speaker.
  3. ^ a b [ɪ~e] and [i] are allophones of the phoneme /i/. Word initial and medial /i/ in stressed syllables typically varies across [ɪ~e], but it is strictly [i] at the end of words, in unstressed syllables.
  4. ^ a b [ʊ~o] and [u] are allophones of the phoneme /u/. Word initial and medial /u/ in stressed syllables typically varies across [ʊ~o], but it varies [u~ʊ~o] in final positions.