Help:IPA/Esperanto

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Esperanto pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Esperanto phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Esperanto. For a list of common pronunciation errors, see Anglophone pronunciation of foreign languages § Esperanto.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
b bela best
t͡s enciklopedio
celo
pizza
t͡ʃ ĉar cheese
d devi debt
f fero face
ɡ gumo go
d͡ʒ ĝeni Jane
h havi high
x monaĥo
ĥaoso
loch
j jaro you
ʒ heredaĵo
ĵurnalo
vision
k kilo keen
l lerni lean
m mapo mother
n nazo need
p perlo pearl
r resti far (Scottish English)
s sekvi sell
ʃ ŝelko shadow
t teritorio territory
v valvo valve
z zinko zinc
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
a sana father
e bele bell
i vidi seat
o modo more
u ŝutu shoot
Diphthongs
IPA Examples English approximation
ai̯ pajlo; gaja; veraj bye
au̯ dri; na; hodi about
ei̯ vejno; lernejo bay
eu̯ fdo; ropo go (Scouse)
oi̯ sojlo; vojo; kukoj boy
ui̯ tuj; Francujo; kiuj tui
ou̯ ppo; tfuo oh