^ abThe phonemes /θ/ and /ð/ are used fully or partially and mostly by younger speakers due to the influence of Modern Standard Arabic and other dialects in the Arabian Peninsula, for older speakers they mainly occur in Classical Arabic borrowings and foreign loanwords.
^/zˤ/ is spelled ⟨ض⟩ only in words derived from the two trilateral root ⟨ض ب ط⟩ and ⟨ض ر ط⟩.
^[ðˤ] is an optional allophone of the grapheme ⟨ظ⟩. In general, most urban Hejazi speakers pronounce it as /zˤ/ or merge it with /dˤ/ depending on the word.
^The classicized [q] is an allophone of /ɡ/ ⟨ق⟩ and it only occurs in few phrases and proper nouns.
^The marginal phoneme /ɫ/ only occurs in the word الله/aɫːaːh/ ('god') and words derived from it, such as يلا/jaɫːa/ "come on".
^The phonemes /p/ and /v/ are only found in loanwords and they are pronounced as /b/ and /f/ respectively by a number of speakers.
^ abWord initial and medial /u/ is typically pronounced [ʊ] or [o̞] depending on the word and speaker. but it's strictly pronounced [u] at the end of words, and before /w/.
^ abWord initial and medial /i/ is typically pronounced [ɪ] or [e̞] depending on the word and speaker. but it's strictly pronounced [i] at the end of words, and before /j/