It provides a set of symbols to represent the pronunciation of Hejazi Arabic in Wikipedia articles, and example words that illustrate the sounds that correspond to them. Integrity must be maintained between the key and the transcriptions that link here. Some keys are built on consensus more strongly than others; if the conventions of this key are already in wide use, any substantive change to it should be discussed on the talk page first as it would affect a large number of articles.
^In general Hejazis alternate between the three letters ⟨ث⟩ pronounced /θ, t, or s/, ⟨ذ⟩ pronounced /ð, d, or z/ and ⟨ظ⟩ pronounced /dˤ, zˤ/ or [ðˤ] (allophone), on the other hand ⟨ض⟩ is pronounced /zˤ/ only in words derived from the two trilateral roots ⟨ض ب ط⟩ and ⟨ض ر ط⟩.
^ abthe affricate/d͡ʒ/ ⟨ج⟩ and the trill /r/ ⟨ر⟩ are realised as a [ʒ] (English s in pleasure) and a tap [ɾ] respectively by a number of speakers or in a number of words.
^ abThe phonemes /θ/ and /ð/ are used fully or partially and mostly by younger speakers due to the influence of Modern Standard Arabic and other dialects in the Arabian Peninsula, for older speakers they mainly occur in Classical Arabic borrowings and foreign loanwords.
^[q] is an allophone of /ɡ/ ⟨ق⟩ and it only occurs in few phrases and words due to the influence of Modern Standard Arabic.
^The marginal phoneme /ɫ/ only occurs in the word الله/aɫːaːh/ ('god') and words derived from it, such as يلا/jaɫːa/ "come on", they contrast in والله /waɫːa/ ('i swear') vs. ولَّا /walːa/ ('or').
^[ðˤ] is an optional allophone of the grapheme ⟨ظ⟩. In general, most urban Hejazi speakers pronounce it as /zˤ/ or merge it with /dˤ/ depending on the word.
^The phonemes /p/ and /v/ are only found in loanwords and they can be substituted by /b/ and /f/ respectively depending on the speaker, /tʃ/ occurs only in loanwords as well and it is not considered to be part of the phonemic inventory but as a sequence of /t/ ⟨ت⟩ and /ʃ/ ⟨ش⟩.
^ abWord initial and medial /u/ is typically pronounced [ʊ] or [o̞] depending on the word and speaker, but strictly pronounced [u] at the end of words, and before /w/.
^ abWord initial and medial /i/ is typically pronounced [ɪ] or [e̞] depending on the word and speaker, but strictly pronounced [i] at the end of words, and before /j/
^[ɑː] is an optional allophone for /aː/ in some words such as ألمانيا [almɑːnja] ('Germany'), بابا [bɑːbɑ] ('dad') and يابان [jaːbɑːn] ('Japan').