Help:IPA/Khmer

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Khmer language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

Consonants[edit]

Full Subscript Initial Value Final Value[1] Series[2]
្ក k k, ʔ 1
្ខ k 1
្គ k k, ʔ 2
្ឃ k 2
្ង ŋ ŋ 2[3]
្ច c c 1
្ឆ none [4] 1
្ជ c c 2
្ឈ none [4] 2
្ញ ɲ ɲ 2[3]
្ដ ɗ 1
្ឋ t̪ʰ 1
្ឌ ɗ 2
្ឍ t̪ʰ 2
្ណ 1
្ត , ɗ[5] 1
្ថ t̪ʰ 1
្ទ 2
្ធ t̪ʰ 2
្ន 2[3]
្ប ɓ, p[6] p 1
្ផ p 1
្ព p p 2
្ភ p 2
្ម m m 2[3]
្យ j j 2[3]
្រ r - , r[7] 2[3]
្ល 2[3]
្វ ʋ /ʋ/, /w/ 2[3]
្ស s h 1
្ហ h none [4] 1
- none [4] 1
្អ ʔ none [4] 1


Dependent Vowels[edit]

Vowel 1st Series Value 2nd Series Value[2]
ɑː ɔː
ឣិ , e, ə , i, ɨ
ឣី əj
ឣឹ ə ɨ
ឣឺ əɨ ɨː
ឣុ o u
ឣូ ou
ឣួ
ឣូវ əw ɨw
ឣើ əː
ឣឿ ɨə
ឣៀ
ឣេ ei, ə[8] , ɨ[8]
ឣែ ae ɛː
ឣៃ aj ɨj
ឣោ ao
ឣៅ aw ɨw
ឣុំ om um
ឣំ ɑm um
ឣាំ am oə̯m
ឣះ ah eah
ឣិះ eh ih
ឣុះ oh uh
ឣេះ eh ih
ឣោះ ɑh uəh


Independent Vowels[edit]

Vowel IPA
e; i; əi
ʔəj
;
(obsolete)
ʔuː
ʔɨw
ʔrɨʔ
ʔrɨː
ʔlɨʔ
ʔlɨː
ʔae; ʔɛː,ʔeː
ʔaj
, ʔaːo
ʔaw

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The stops /p, t, c, k/ have no audible release when occurring as syllable finals
  2. ^ a b Khmer consonants belong to two classes that dictate the value of dependent vowels.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Can be changed to 1st series by stacking a above the subscript form. See here for further details.
  4. ^ a b c d e never occurs at the end of words
  5. ^ is used by orthographic convention to represent ɗ in disyllabic words whose underlying form is spelled with or as opposed to derivatives of bases spelled with , which keep the original for ɗ.
  6. ^ in certain words of Pali or Sanskrit origin
  7. ^ final is silent (not transcribed) in central dialects of Cambodia and Vietnam, represents a trill in Northern Khmer dialects of Thailand
  8. ^ a b before palatals