Help:IPA/Kurdish

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The chart below shows how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Kurdish pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. This page includes the three main Kurdish dialects; Northern Kurdish, Central Kurdish, and Southern Kurdish. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-ku}}, {{IPA-kmr}}, {{IPA-ckb}}, {{IPA-sdh}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Kurdish phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Kurdish.

Consonants
IPA Orthography English approximation
NK[1] CK[2] SK[3]
b b ب ب boy
c ج ج juice
ç چ چ chest
d d د د dog
f f ف ف foot
ɡ g گ گ good
ɣ ğ / gh غ go, but without completely blocking airflow on the g
h h ھ ھ hope
ħ ḧ / h ح somewhat like hope
ʒ j ژ ژ pleasure
k k ک ک skin
l l ل ل lip
ɫ ł / l / ll ڵ‎ ڵ‎ pill
m m م م moon
n n ن ن nap
ŋ[4] ň / ng نگ نگ sing
p p پ پ spin
q q ق ق somewhat like call, but further back in the mouth
ɾ r ر ر butter (American English)
r ř / r / rr ڕ ڕ rolled r
s s س س sip
ʃ ş ش ش ship
t t ت ت stop
v v ڤ ڤ vase
w w و و west
x x خ خ Scottish loch
j y ی ی yolk
z z ز ز zap
Vowels
IPA Orthography English approximation
NK[1] CK[2] SK[3]
ɑː a ا ا father
a ه somewhat like trap
ê ێ ێ pay
ɛ e ه bed
æ ه bad
ə ه‌و[5] about
i î ى ى see
ɪ i ى ى sit
o ۆ ۆ shore
u u و و influence
û وو وو moon
ʊ و wood
ʉː ۊ somewhat like cute

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Celadet Bedir Khan & Roger Lescot (1970). Grammaire Kurde (Dialecte kurmandji). Paris: La librairie d'Amérique et d'Orient Adrien Maisonneuve. p. 3-7. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  2. ^ a b W. M. Thackston. "—Sorani Kurdish— A Reference Grammar with Selected Readings" (PDF). Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  3. ^ a b Hussein Ali Fattah. "Ordlista på sydkurdiska Wişename we Kurdî xwarîn" (PDF). p. V. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  4. ^ Hiwa Asadpour & Maryam Mohammadi. "A Comparative Study of Phonological System of Kurdish Varieties" (PDF). Journal of Language and Cultural Education. pp. 108-109 & 113. ISSN 1339-4584. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  5. ^ ه followed by ى in the same syllable

External links[edit]