Help:IPA/Ligurian

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The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet represents Romance Ligurian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

Consonants[1]
IPA Examples English approximation
b bödisson, Bàrboa bill
d veddro, cadello dill
gianco, ongia, giærâva Jill
ʎ coniggio, figgeu, muâgia Jill or billion[2]
f safran, feliçitæ, stuffa fill
ɡ preghêa, mëgo, gregâ grill
k ancheu, credensa, quæxi skill
l lann-a, gallo lid
m mënda, famme mill
n pinna, n nest
ŋ n nn-a, donn-o[3] nest or ring[2]
ŋ tenpo, savon, gianda[3] ring
ɲ âgna, scignôro onion
p capriççi, päpêto spill
ɾ ɹ ingreize, rebelêa, spar batter (American English) or barrel[2]
s sêuxoo, paçiensa, pastiççê, nissêua sell
s ʃ pescòu, pastiççê, sfròuxo sell or shell[2]
ʃ sciô, léscico, scerpa shell
t çittæ, töa, roêta still
masccio, ociâli, cêuve chill
v levòu, vailezzo veal
z zenéize, mazzo, spozoéi zeal
z ʒ desmentegâ, asbasciâ, deslengoâse zeal or leasure[2]
ʒ xo, scixèrboa, chixêximo leasure
 
Semivowels[1]
IPA Examples English approximation
j scciapeuia, leitûga, ziàrdoa, socjêtæ young
w ægoa, ciammòu, quâgia well
Vowels[4]
IPA Examples English approximation
Short vowels
a mäveggia, babà, grasso brother
e ebrêo, öxello, avédise bait
ɛ bello, caffè, fænn-a[4] bet
i infinïo, piccin beet, but shorter
ɔ o votta, òspitòu, Ouröpa bald, but shorter
ø béuisccio, cheuscia, euggezzâ bird (Received Pronunciation), but shorter
u môro, nasción, rotto fool, but shorter
y cuggiæ, fumme, virtù beauty, but shorter
Long vowels
mäveggia, cicchettâ, ociâli father
ej ebrêo, candéia, gêxâ, çëxetta bait
ɛː sæa, coæ, bæxinâ bear (Received Pronunciation)
abaçîa, barbacïo, moî beet
ɔː stöia, öxello, dizö bald
øː nissêua, dêuviemmo, faxeu bird
môro, servitô, dôçeménte fool
lettûa, dûo, aogûri beauty
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples Explanation
ˈ sciughêa [ʃyˈɡeːa] primary stress
ˌ bruxabaracche [ˌbɾyʒabaˈɾakˑe] secondary stress
. létia [ˈleti.a] syllable break
ˑ Sann-a [ˈsaŋˑa] geminated consonant[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Consonant and semivowel lengthening (optionally occurring in paroxytones after stressed short vowels, for semivowels only if also followed by a vowel) is represented in IPA by either doubling the consonant or through the ⟨ˑ⟩ marker (e.g. euggio [ˈøddʒu]/[ˈødˑʒu]).
  2. ^ a b c d e The latter realizations are most common in peripheric areas, such as Ventimiglia or southern Piedmont. In particular [ʃ] and [ʒ] are occurrences of /s/ and /z/ before consonants In the Tabarchino dialect of Carloforte.
  3. ^ a b As in most Northern Italian languages, Ligurian nasals never assimilate their place of articulation to that of the following consonant, differently from what happens in standard Italian. [ŋ] is used in all nasal plus consonant clusters, and it may only contrast with /n/ before vowels (e.g. nn-a /ˈpeŋa/ 'sorrow' vs pénna /ˈpena/ 'quill').
  4. ^ a b All vowels can occur either in stressed or unstressed position, except short /ɛ/ which is always stressed.

External links[edit]

  • Toso, Fiorenzo. "liguri, dialetti" [Ligurian dialects]. Enciclopedia Treccani (in Italian).
  • Official Website for the Académia Ligùstica do Brénno (in Ligurian)