Help:IPA/Lithuanian

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Lithuanian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Lithuanian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Lithuanian.

IPA Examples IPA Examples[1] English approximation
Consonants
b butas labiau boot; beautiful
d du didelis do; adieu
dz dzūkas dzʲ dziedas adze
ar iaugsmas jeans
f[2] fabrikas [2] fizika fool; few
ɡ galva ɡʲ gerai goo; argue
ɣ[2] halas ɣʲ[2] himnas between go and ahead
j jauna, ji yes, boy
k kas kiek cool; cute
ɫ labas lietus pill; least
m mama miltai moot; mute
n namas niekas noon; newt (for some dialects)
ŋ[3] ranka ŋʲ[3] rengti sing
p padas pienas pool; pew
r ratas rėtis trilled r, like in Spanish
s saulė siena soup; assume (for some dialects)
ʃ šaukštas ɕ šienas, šis sheet
t tai ten tool; tune (for some dialects)
ts caras tsʲ citrina cats
čaižus čia chip
v vanduo visi vapor; view
x[2] choras [2] chimera loch; huge (for some dialects).
z zaunyti zylė zoo; Zeus (for some dialects)
ʒ žodis ʑ žilas asia
IPA Examples English approximation
Vowels
ratas, kąsti father
ɛː tęsti pat (but longer)
æː retas bad
ɐ kas, ta putt
tėtė play
ɛ mesti met
vyras, į need
ɪ ji, kitas sit
voras chore
ɔ[2] choras off
rūta, namų moon
ʊ kur, du foot
Stress and tone
ˈ primary stress follows
ǐː "circumflex" or rising tone
îː "acute" or falling tone

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lithuanian makes contrasts between palatalized and unpalatalized consonants. Palatalized consonants are denoted by [ʲ] and are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, like the articulation of the y sound in yes.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Phonemes /f/, /fʲ/, /ɣ/, /ɣʲ/, /x/, /xʲ/, and /ɔ/ occur only in loanwords.
  3. ^ a b [ŋ] and [ŋʲ] are allophones of /n/ and //, respectively, before velar consonants.