Help:IPA/Māori

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Māori language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-mi}}, {{IPAc-mi}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Māori phonology for detailed discussion of the phonology of Māori.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
ɸ Whakatane fat, what[1]
h Heretaunga hat
k kea sky
m Māori moon
n nā not
ŋ Ngaruawahia sing
p Paraparaumu spy
ɾ Te Reo ladder (US)
t Tongariro sty
w waka we
Stress
IPA Example Note
ˈ Mount Ruapehu [ˈɾʉaˌpɛhʉ] Placed before the stressed syllable.[2]
ˌ
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
Māori father
a Aotearoa cut
ɛː tēnā koe yeah (US), bad (NZ)
ɛ Te Reo bed (US), mat (NZ)
kīanga meet
i iwi mit (US), party (NZ)
ɔː tēnā kōrua awkward (without cot/caught merger)
ɔ Oamaru off
ʉː Ngāi Tūhoe move
ʉ Te Urewera influence
Diphthongs
ae marae lie
ai ka pai
ao house
au
oi like boy
oe like wet
ou snow

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Māori wh is variable, and is often equated to English wh (as pronounced by those without the wine-whine merger). However, contemporary Māori's most common pronunciation is [f]. The voiceless bilabial fricative [ɸ] is a rarer pronunciation, although it is deemed without proof by some to be the sole pre-European contact variant.[citation needed]
  2. ^ Stress falls on the first long vowel or on the first diphthong. Otherwise, it is on the first syllable but never earlier than the fourth-last vowel in a word, with both long vowels and diphthongs counting twice.