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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Malayalam pronunciations. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-ml}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

IPA Malayalam English approximation
k sky
ɡ go
ɡʱ Ghana
t͡ʃ church
t͡ʃʰ which hand
ɟ junior
ɟʱ hedgehog
ʈ tide but retroflex
ʈʰ got the but retroflex
ɖ dog but retroflex
ɖʱ bond her hair but retroflex
t earthed
get down
d dad
had done
p pain
f/ Has two pronunciations, either as football or pan
b big
ŋ sing
ɲ cognac
ɳ Hindi Varuna
m mall
j yes
ɾ Spanish tres
l listen
ʋ curve
ʃ sugar
ʂ shun
s so
h head
ɭ Swedish sorl
ɻ run
r Spanish rojo
n not
IPA Malayalam English approximation
a ാ, അ cart
ə about[note 1]
ɪ ി, ഇ sit
ീ, ഈ seat
ʊ ു, ഉ full
ൂ, ഊ fool
ൃ, ഋ better
e െ, എ eight
േ, ഏ eight but longer
o ൊ, ഒ sole
ോ, ഓ Irish pronunciation of coat
əɪ ൈ, ഐ mile
əʊ ൗ, ൌ, ഔ British RP of fold
ˈ stress
(placed before stressed syllable)


  1. ^ [ə] may occur as an allophone of /a/ in some word-medial and final positions.