^ abcdIn the contemporary dialect, the voiced plosives /b/ and /d/ are devoiced to [p] and [t] in the syllable coda. In the traditional dialect however, they tend to stay voiced [b, d].
^ abcdThe phoneme /r/ has the following allophones: • Pre-vocalic /r/ is realized as either a uvular trill [ʀ] (in the contemporary dialect) or an alveolar trill [r] (in the traditional dialect); • After vowels, the non-prevocalic /r/ is realized as a non-syllabic low vowel [ɐ̯]; • The sequence /ər/ is realized a syllabic low vowel [ɐ].
^ abIn the contemporary dialect /s/ before a consonant tends to be retracted to [ʃ]. In the traditional dialect however, a preconsonantal /s/ is realized simply as [s].
^After [u] and diphthongs ending in [u], /v/ is realized as [w].
^ abAs several other Germanic languages, Saterland Frisian has mid [ə] and open [ɐ] schwas. Care must be taken to clearly distinguish between the two. In English, the former appears in words such as balance, cannon and chairman and the latter variably in sofa, China (especially at the very end of utterance) and, in some dialects, also in ago and again, but one needs to remember that Saterland Frisian [ɐ] has no such free variation and is always open, just as [ə] is always mid. In some English dialects, /ʌ/ in words such as nut and strut is a perfect replacement for Saterland Frisian [ɐ], but the latter is an unstressed-only vowel that can also appear in open syllables, which generally cannot be said about English /ʌ/.