The charts below show the way in which the
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents pronunciation for Tagalog language and a number of related Philippine languages in Wikipedia articles.
Tagalog phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Tagalog.
[ˈbuʔaŋ], oo [oʔo]
the catch in uh-oh
bagay, Ca vite
diyan; u dyók
hawak; Eci ja
you, bo y
linò, tapa l
nasipát, así n
rami, pade r
North American, Australian wa ter
siya, ka sya
ca ts, sometimes chew
tiyák; ku tyà, ku tsara
Regional and marginal consonants
roughly like go
, si Llanes lya
Rajah, Salvado r
r, ride r
lo ch ( Scottish English)
sgado, i sda
Other symbols used in transcription of Tagalog pronunciation
ˈ Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable): tayô [taˈjoʔ] 'to stand', táyo [ˈtajo] 'we'
^ a b c
/d/, /p/ and /t/ are never aspirated, unlike in English.
^ a b c The
/r/ phoneme is generally an alveolar rhotic that varies freely between [ ɾ] [ and r] [, and it exists as a distinct phoneme mostly in loanwords. ɹ]
^ For native words,
/ɾ/ is normally a flapped form of /d/. The two phonemes were separated with the introduction of the Latin script during the Spanish era.
^ a b
/f/ and /v/ are usually pronounced by younger speakers, who tend to have English-leaning pronunciations. Others would replace for these phonemes with /p/ and /b/, respectively, in a fashion similar to fortition.
/z/ is sometimes an allophone of /s/ before voiced consonants like in Spanish.
/a/ is normally pronounced as a central vowel [ä]. However, the front variant [a] may also be used.
/a/ is relaxed to [ in unstressed positions and also occasionally in stressed positions in words such as ɐ] ( Inang B ayan [iˈnɐŋ ˈbɐjɐn]).
^ a b
[ɛ] usually exists in slow or formal speech and may become a mid [ɛ̝] or close mid [e] in normal speech.
[e, o] are allophones of /i, u/ in final syllables, but they are distinct phonemes in some native words and English and Spanish loanwords.
^ a b c
[ɪ, ʊ] are allophones of /i, u/ and sometimes /e, o/ (the latter for English and Spanish loanwords) in unstressed initial and medial syllables. See Tagalog phonology#Vowels and semivowels.
^ An allophone of
[o] used in stressed syllables or interjections.
^ Sometimes replaced by
[eː] in casual speech.
^ Occurs mostly in