From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Standard Tibetan pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-bo}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

IPA Tibetan English approximation
b bog ([p] on a low tone)
c ཀྱ skew
ཁྱ གྱ cute
ɕ ཞ ཤ sheep
d dog ([t] on a low tone)
ɖ ~ ɖʐ གྲ draw ([ʈ]~[ʈʂ] on a low tone)
dz adz ([ts] on a low tone)
jeep ([tɕ] on a low tone)
ɡ gone ([k] on a low tone)
h head
j yes
ɟ གྱ argue ([c] on a low tone)
k scat
ཁ ག cat
l leap
ལྷ (voiceless l, like hl)
m moon
n noon
ɲ canyon
ŋ song
p spin
ཕ བ pin
ɹ the r in drink
ɹ̥ རྷ (voiceless r, like hr)
s ཟ ས song
ʂ ཧྲ like first part of shrew [ʂɹu]
t stop
ད ཐ top
ʈ ~ ʈʂ ཀྲ stream
ʈʰ ~ ʈʂʰ ཁྲ གྲ track
tɕʰ ཇ ཆ cheer
ts cats
tsʰ ཛ ཚ tsunami
w water
z zoo ([s] on a low tone)
ʑ genre ([ɕ] on a low tone)
ʔ oh-oh!
ʎ ལྱ Spanish castilla
ɥ ཝཡ Between yet and wet
ç ཧྱ similarly huge
IPA Tibetan English approximation
a between fat and father
e ཨེ Spanish e (in Sp. open syllables)
ɛ bed
i ཨི see
ɪ ཨི sit but more centralised
o ཨོ Spanish o (in Sp. open syllables)
ø ཨོ French eu, German ö
ɔ ཨོ off
œ ཨོ Danish ø
u ཨུ moon
ʊ ཨུ good but more centralised
y ཨུ French u, German ü
ʏ ཨུ Dutch u
◌̃ nasal vowel
IPA Description
high level: si˥
high falling: si˥˧
low rising: si˩˧
low level: si˩