Help:IPA/Tigrinya

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Tigrinya language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-ti}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

The Tigrinya letters (ፊደላት) in the last charts have the consonants in rows and the vowels in columns. Each letter is represented by one consonant (or consonant cluster) and one vowel.


Vowels
Vowel Orders IPA Transliteration English Approximation
First Order ɐ ä The e in better (sometimes a schwa)
Second Order u u The "oo" in foot or soon
Third Order i i The "ea" in seat
Fourth Order ä a The "o" in cot SAE
Fifth Order e e Similar to "a" in Way except with no glide
Sixth Order ɨ ə The "e" in Roses (sometimes a schwa)
Seventh Order o o The "oa" in Boat
Abugida
IPA ɐ u i ä e ɨ o English approximation Transliteration
b Bed b
d Dad d
d͡ʒ Judge ǧ, j
f Far f
g Go g
h How h
h   h,
ħ   h,
j Yes y
k King k
Ski
Kite ḳh
l Let l
m Match m
n Now n
ɲ Onion ñ
p Pin p
Upper
ɾ ~ r Water SAE r
s Sight s
s   ś
Sight
  ṣ́
ʃ Short š
t Talk t
t͡ʃ Church č
t͡ʃʼ Achoo č̣
Stick
v Vault v
x Scottish loch x, kh
w Walk w
z Zoo z
ʒ Pleasure ž
ʔ Uh-oh ʾ , -
ʕ   ʿ, ʾ, -
Labiovelar Abugida
IPA ɐ i ä e ɨ
kʼʷ
xʼʷ

Notes[edit]