Help:IPA/Venetian

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The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Venetian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Venetian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Venetian.

IPA Consonants
S&E C N Examples English approximation
b barba; sbaro bike
d dove; idra done
dz ð z zaino; żenòcio; franża; fredha; ordho; đanđivi; lapiđea dads; this; zipper
gèmo; giara; ġarón; ġen jab
f finco; fìnferli; rufa fast
ɡ gato; figo; ghìngari; rughe gas
h ahari; hémena hat
k coa; checa; tenca; karèga; quacio scar
l làrese; molton; stèla lip
ɰ[1] łate; goła roughly like toll
m mare; rema mother
n nasion; ànara nest
ŋ ladi; piro; óngara; venco; canpo[2] sing
ɲ cugnà; gnaro; ñel; ñaña roughly like canyon
p popà; despèrdere spin
ɾ[3] rosto; vara roughly like water (American English)
s soto; baston; strassa sorry
t talpa; butiro; gat star
ts θ s zata; marz; nòzze; çanpedon; petaça; cazhòt; zhèrzha cats; thing; sorry
cèrega; ciaro; moc'; ċave chip
v vaca; ava vent
z àseno; sbaro; io; ono; xe; piaxe zipper
Marginal consonants
ʎ artiglièr, batàglia roughly like million
ʃ šchena; mešedà ship
ʒ žal; ruža measure
 
Semivowels
j jèri; ajo; lezièr; yacht you
w suòr; aqua; web wine
 
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
a aqua; man roughly like father
e feta; paré roughly like pay
ɛ ghènga; perèr bed
i fio; intrada see
o bote; bogó roughly like law (British English)
ɔ fiòco; pòro off
u duto; dudolèr tool
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples English approximation
ˈ poro [poˈnaɾo] bottle
ˌ liberamente [ˌlibeɾaˈmeŋte] intonation
. fio [ˈfi.o] moai

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In some dialects it is pronounced [l] or omitted.
  2. ^ As in most Northern Italian languages, nasals do not assimilate their place of articulation to that of the following consonant, differently from what happens in standard Italian. In Venetian, [ŋ] (in Italian only occurring in /nɡ/, /nk/) is used in all nasal plus consonant clusters: e.g. canpo [ˈkaŋpo], cantoṅ [kaŋˈtoŋ].
  3. ^ The phoneme /r/ in Venetian is almost always an alveolar flap.