Help:IPA/Albanian

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Albanian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

Consonants
IPA Orthography English approximation
b b bat
c q similar to cute
d d debt
dz x goods
xh jet
ð dh then
f f far
ɡ g go
h h hat
j j yes
ɟ gj Jew
k k car
l l lean
ɫ ll wool
m m man
n n not
ɲ nj onion
ŋ ng bang
p p pen
r rr rolled r [1]
ɾ r butter (American English) [1]
s s son
ʃ sh show
t t tan
ts c hats
ç[2] chin
v v van
z z zip
ʒ zh vision
θ th thin
Vowels
IPA Written as English approximation
a a father
ɛ e bed
ə ë about
i i seed
ɔ o off (Tosk)
o Joe (Gheg)[3]
u u boot
y y Similar to [i] made with rounded lips

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The contrast between flapped r and trilled rr is the same as in Spanish. English does not phonemically have either sound.
  2. ^ The letter ⟨ç⟩ is sometimes written ⟨ch⟩ due to technical limitations because of its use in English for the same sound and its analogy to the other digraphs ⟨xh⟩, ⟨sh⟩, and ⟨zh⟩. Usually, it is written simply ⟨c⟩ or, more rarely ⟨q⟩, with the context resolving any ambiguities.
  3. ^ http://www.omniglot.com/writing/albanian.htm