Help:IPA for Egyptian Arabic

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The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Egyptian Arabic language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Egyptian Arabic phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Egyptian Arabic.

The romanization of the examples is based on the romanization system used on Wiktionary.

Consonants
IPA Arabic letter Example Romanization English approximation
ʔ ء, أ, إ, ؤ, ئ uh-(ʔ)oh
ʕ ع no equivalent
b ب bike
d د done
ض emphatic /d/
f ف fast
ɡ ج gas
h هـ hat
ħ ح no equivalent
j ي yes
k ك skin
l ل lip (Irish English)
m م mother
n ن nest
q[1] ق no equivalent
ɾ ر run
s س ث sorry
ص emphatic /s/
ʃ ش ship
t ت star
ط emphatic /t/
w و water
x خ loch (Scottish English)
ɣ غ French r, French: parler
z ز ذ zebra
ظ emphatic /z/
Non-native Consonants[2]
p پ ب put
v ڤ ف view
ʒ چ ج vision
Vowels
IPA Example Romanization English approximation
Monophthongs
æ man
ɑ palm
ɪ~e[3] sit or set[3]
i
ʊ~o[4] put or not (Scottish English)[4]
u
æː mare
ɑː father
bay (Scottish English)
need
thought (received pronunciation)
food
Diphthongs (vowel+glide)
æj, ɑj tie
æw, ɑw how
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA examples Explanation
ˈ جميل /ɡæˈmiːl/ ("beautiful") Indicates that the following syllable is stressed.
ː ليل /leːl/ ("night") Indicates that the preceding vowel is long.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The classicized allophone [q] only occurs in Classical Arabic borrowings and proper nouns.
  2. ^ The phonemes /p/, /v/ and /ʒ/ are only found in loanwords and they can be pronounced as /b/, /f/ and /ʃ/ respectively depending on the speaker.
  3. ^ a b [ɪ]~[e] and [i] are allophones of the phoneme /i/. Word initial and medial /i/ in stressed syllables typically varies across [ɪ] ~ [e], but it is strictly [i] at the end of words, in unstressed syllables.
  4. ^ a b [ʊ]~[o] and [u] are allophones of the phoneme /u/. Word initial and medial /u/ in stressed syllables typically varies across [ʊ] ~ [o], but it is strictly [u] in final positions.