Help:IPA for Haitian Creole

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Haitian Creole language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

English approximations are, in some cases, very loose and are intended to give only a general idea of the pronunciation. See Haitian Creole phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Haitian Creole.

There are no silent letters in Haitian Creole unless it is being written with the traditional orthography.

All sounds are always spelled the same except when a vowel carries a grave accent ⟨`⟩ before ⟨n⟩; then, it is an open vowel instead of a nasal vowel (⟨en⟩ for /ɛ̃/ and ⟨èn⟩ for /ɛn/; ⟨on⟩ = /ɔ̃/, but ⟨òn⟩ = /ɔn/; <an> = /ã/, but <àn> = /an/).

When they are immediately followed by a vowel in a word, the letters forming the nasal vowels (an, en, on, oun) are to be pronounced separately.

Consonants
Haitian orthography IPA Examples English approximation
b b bagay bow
ch ʃ cho shoe
d d dous do
f f fig festival
g ɡ gòch gain
h h hèn hotel
j ʒ jedi measure
k k kle sky
l l liv clean
m m machin mother
n n nòt note
ng ŋ bilding feeling
p p pase spy
r ɣ rezon [1] between go and loch
s s sis six
t t tout tie
v v vyann vent
z z zero zero
Non-native consonants
dj djaz jazz
Semivowels
w w wi [1] we
y j pye yes
u ɥ uit[2] roughly like sweet
Vowels
Haitian orthography IPA Examples English approximation
a[3] a abako; pàn bra
e e ale hey
è ɛ fèt festival
i i lide see
o o zwazo roughly like law (British English)
ò ɔ deyò sort
ou u nou you
Nasal vowels
an[4] ã anpil No English equivalent; nasalized [ɒ]
en[4] ɛ̃ mwen No English equivalent; nasalized [ɛ]
on[4] ɔ̃ tonton No English equivalent; nasalized [o]
oun[4] ũ moun No English equivalent; nasalized [u]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The contrast between /ɣ/ and /w/ is lost before rounded vowels, and the two phonemes merge then as /w/. Some orthographies of Haitian Creole follow the etymology of the word by using ‹r› for /w/ before a rounded vowel where it comes from an original /ɣ/: gro /ɡwo/ "big" (cf. French gros /ɡʁo/). The official orthography follows the modern pronunciation of the word and uses ‹w› for /w/ in all cases and so /ɡwo/ is spelled ‹gwo›.
  2. ^ /ɥ/ is always followed by /i/.
  3. ^ or à before an n
  4. ^ a b c d when not followed by a vowel