Help:IPA for Icelandic

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Icelandic language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Icelandic phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Icelandic.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
c gys skew
kær cute
ç hjá hue
ð verða weather
f fyrir, dýpka fun
ɣ laga (like Spanish trigo)
h hús hop
ʰc ekki skew (with an h sound before it)
ʰk þakka sky (with an h sound before it)
ʰp tappi spy (with an h sound before it)
ʰt stutt sty (with an h sound before it)
j jú, lagi yes
k göng, líka sky
koma, hver[1] kite
l líf leap
stelpa, öll[2] (voiceless, like hl)
m miði moon
lampi (voiceless, like hm)
n níu noon
hnífur (voiceless, like hn)
ɲ lengi canyon
ɲ̊ banki [ˈpauɲ̊cɪ] (voiceless, like hny)
ŋ ungs sing
ŋ̊ þungt (voiceless, like hng)
p böl, hjálpa, nafni spy
páfi pie
r rós ring (trilled)
hreinn (voiceless, like hr)
s saga sing
t dagur, út, öll,[2] seinna sty
tala tie
θ þ think
v afi, verk very
x sjúkt, sagt, vaxa[3] Bach
hver[1] why (without the winewhine merger)
Vowels[4]
IPA Examples English approximation
Monophthongs
a Karl art
raka father
ɛ kenna bet
ɛː nema bed
i fínt, sýndi leaf
líf, hlýt leave
ɪ yi kit
ɪː yfir, vita kid
ɔ loft RP/Australian hot
ɔː von RP/Australian nod
œ dökk Somewhat like nurse
œː öl Somewhat like fur
u ungur boot
núna food
ʏ upp roughly like shoe, but shorter
ʏː kul roughly like shoe
Diphthongs
ai ætla RP right
aiː æfing pie
au sjálfur mouth
auː páfi allow
ei engi pace
eiː heim pay
ou hóll goat
ouː kólna go
øi laust roughly like Louie, but shorter
øiː auga roughly like Louie
Other symbols
IPA Explanation
ˈ◌ Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable),
langur [ˈlauŋ̊kʏr̥]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hver is pronounced differently depending on dialect.
  2. ^ a b Double ll is pronounced [tl̥], as if spelled tl.
  3. ^ X represents the consonant cluster [xs].
  4. ^ Vowels are usually long if they are stressed and followed by no more than one consonant double consonant. Vowel length is not phonemic.

Bibliography[edit]