Helsinki Airport

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This article is about the main airport of Helsinki. For Helsinki-Malmi Airport, see Helsinki-Malmi Airport.
Helsinki Airport
Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema
Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats
Helsinki Vantaa Logo.png
Helsinki-vantaa aerial.jpg
Aerial view of Helsinki Airport
IATA: HELICAO: EFHK
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Finavia
Serves Helsinki, Finland
Location Vantaa
Opened 1952 (1952)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 55 m / 179 ft
Coordinates 60°19′02″N 024°57′48″E / 60.31722°N 24.96333°E / 60.31722; 24.96333Coordinates: 60°19′02″N 024°57′48″E / 60.31722°N 24.96333°E / 60.31722; 24.96333
Website www.helsinkiairport.fi
Map
HEL is located in Finland
HEL
HEL
Location within Finland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04R/22L 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
04L/22R 3,060 10,039 Asphalt
15/33 2,901 9,518 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 16,422,266
Passenger change 14–15 Increase3.0%
Aircraft movements 165,430
Movements change 14–15 Increase0.39%
Source: AIP Finland[2]
Statistics from Finavia[3]

Helsinki Airport[4] or Helsinki-Vantaa Airport[5] (IATA: HELICAO: EFHK; Finnish: Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema, Swedish: Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats) is the main international airport of the Helsinki metropolitan region. The airport is located in the city of Vantaa, about 5 kilometres (3 mi) west of Tikkurila, the centre of Vantaa and 9.2 NM (17.0 km; 10.6 mi) north[2] of Helsinki city center. The airport is operated by Finavia. Helsinki Airport is the leading long-haul airport in Northern Europe.[6]

The airport is the main international gateway to Finland and the biggest airport in the country. It is the 31st largest airport in Europe and 4th largest in the Nordic countries in terms of passenger numbers. About 90% of Finland’s international air traffic passes through Helsinki Airport.[7] The airport handled 16.4 million passengers in 2015, including 13.8 million international passengers and 2.6 million domestic passengers. The airport handled 165,430 tonnes of cargo in 2015. On average, the airport handles around 350 departures a day.[7]

The airport is the main hub for Finnair, the flag carrier of Finland, and its subsidiary Nordic Regional Airlines. It is also the hub for CityJet (on behalf of SAS), Jet Time, TUIfly Nordic and operating base for Norwegian Air Shuttle and Primera Air. The airport is also a focus city for Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia. Helsinki Airport handles around 40 airlines, including 28 scheduled and 13 charter airlines, while offering scheduled and charter flights to over 130 destinations in 45 countries worldwide. The airport offers a total of 21 direct long-haul routes to Asia and North America and numerous long-haul charter destinations.[8] Currently Helsinki Airport has two terminals with a total of 27 jet bridges and numerous remote parking stands.

Overview[edit]

Originally built for the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, the airport is today the fourth busiest airport in the Nordic countries,[9] with 16,422,266 passengers having used the airport in 2015. This number makes up for around 90% of the total number of passengers in Finland's 21 commercial airports combined (around 20 million) making it the busiest airport in Finland by far. It provides jobs for 20,000 people and there are 1,500 companies that operate at this airport.[10] The airport is operated by Finavia, the state-owned enterprise that operates Finland's airports.

As of February 2015, there has been a proposal to rename the airport as "Sibelius Airport" after Jean Sibelius, Finland's most famous composer. The proposal stems from the project group of Jean Sibelius's anniversary year 2015, the foundation for the Sibelius birth city foundation and the Sibelius society. The Finnish government ministers Alexander Stubb, Antti Rinne and Paula Risikko have expressed positive feedback for the proposal.[11][12]

History[edit]

Opening and early years[edit]

Aerial photo of the first terminal at Helsinki Airport
Aerial photo of Helsinki Airport terminal area in 1969

Plans for a new airport at Helsinki had begun as early as the 1940s, when it had become evident that the old airport at Malmi could not handle the increasing number of passengers or the new, heavier aircraft.[13]

Helsinki Airport was originally built for the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki. The first two Aero Oy DC-3 aircraft, OH-LCC and OH-LCD, landed on 26 June 1952. While Aero (now Finnair) used Helsinki-Malmi Airport, charter flights were directed to the new airport on 26 October 1952. The airport originally had a single runway, the second runway being built four years later in 1956. Regular jet flight operations began in 1959. The year 1973 saw the first security checks being carried out for international flights. A new terminal opened in 1969, while the first transatlantic service to New York was inaugurated on 15 May 1969.

1970s–1990s[edit]

The name Helsinki-Vantaa Airport was taken in use in 1977. In 1983, the airport began offering the first non-stop service from Western Europe to Japan as Finnair commenced regular service between Helsinki and Tokyo with a single McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER. The passenger terminal was expanded for the first time in 1983 and five years later, in 1988, the airport handled over six million passengers annually. A new terminal was constructed for domestic flights in 1993. In 1996 the international terminal was expanded and merged with the domestic terminal. At the same time, the new control tower was completed. In November 1999, the international terminal was further expanded and the lobby for arriving and departing passengers was built.

2000s–2010s[edit]

In 2000, the airport handled over 10 million passengers for the first time in its history. The third runway was inaugurated on 28 November 2002. Its first user was a Finnair McDonnell Douglas MD-11 en route to New York. In 2004, the international terminal was again expanded and a new shopping area was opened for long-haul passengers. In 2009, the latest expansion of Terminal 2 was completed. The total floor area was 43,908 square metres (472,620 sq ft). The same year witnessed the opening of a new shopping area and spa for passengers on long-haul flights, the removal of a terminal-specific division between domestic and international flights, and the renovation of Terminal 1 for international flights. In July 2015, train operation on the Ring Rail Line and connection to Helsinki Central Railway Station were opened.

Airline history[edit]

In the 1990s, Delta Air Lines commenced its operations at the airport and also another American carrier, Pan Am, operated flights from Helsinki to the US. In 2009, TAP Portugal commenced service between Helsinki and Lisbon. In April 2010, Norwegian Air Shuttle opened its first routes to Oslo and Stockholm using Boeing 737 jets.[14] Now the airline is the one of the largest operators at the airport. As of 2008, easyJet had operated three routes from Helsinki to Manchester, London-Gatwick and Paris-Charles de Gaulle. However the low-cost carrier cancelled these routes in 2011, citing weak demand at the Helsinki end of the routes.[15] In May 2011, American Airlines opened summer seasonal service between Helsinki and Chicago, United States using Boeing 767 jetliners.[16] However, the airline cancelled service in 2014 as the route was converted to Finnair. In November 2011, Austrian Airlines cancelled its Vienna-Helsinki operations. In 2012, Helsinki Airport got its another daily service to Tokyo as Japan Airlines commenced service to Helsinki using Boeing 787 Dreamliners. In the same year, Czech Airlines ceased its Helsinki operations due to low demand. A year later, LOT Polish Airlines cancelled its service to Helsinki. In 2014, a number of airlines cancelled their operations. In that year Aer Lingus and Germanwings as well as S7 Airlines and Wizz Air that also started operations in that year, cancelled services to Helsinki. In March 2015, Swiss International Air Lines started operations to Helsinki but cancelled it a year after and thus Finnair is the only airline to operate service between Helsinki and Switzerland. In late 2015, Blue1 ceased all operations from Helsinki, its only base. The airline flew to around 28 destinations in Europe. Scandinavian Airlines sold Blue1 to CityJet, which continues to operate the company on behalf of SAS as part of a larger relationship.[17] In March 2016, Czech Airlines resumed flights from Prague to Helsinki using Airbus A319, Boeing 737-400 and Boeing 737-700 aircraft.

Composition[edit]

Terminals[edit]

Map of Helsinki Airport.

The airport is nominally divided into two terminals, located 250 metres (820 ft) apart and linked by an internal pedestrian connection both airside and landside. In practice, however, the airside parts of the terminal buildings are not divided into Terminal 1 (the former domestic terminal) and Terminal 2 (the former international terminal) but to Schengen and non-Schengen areas. The terminal capacity of the airport is approximately 16–17 million passengers per year.[18]

Domestic flights as well as flights to European Schengen countries are operated from gates 11–31. Long-haul and European non-Schengen flights are operated from gates 31–38.[19]

In 2014, Helsinki airport introduced the world's first passenger tracking system,[20] which automatically monitors crowd congestion and prevents bottlenecks at the two-terminal airport.[20]

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 (gates 5–15) has 11 gates of which four are equipped with jet bridges. The terminal opened in 1952 and is the first terminal at the airport. It is used by Star Alliance carriers, such as Aegean Airlines, Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines, and TAP Portugal. In addition to Star Alliance members, airBaltic and Vueling also operate flights from this terminal. Previously, Icelandair operated its services to Reykjavík from this terminal but moved to Terminal 2 on 13 April 2015.[21] Currently, no carriers operate long-haul flights from Terminal 1.

Terminal 1 passenger facilities include tax-free shops, free wireless Internet access, power sockets, and lockers. There are also several restaurants, cafés and the SAS Business Lounge.[22]

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 (gates 16–38) opened in 1969 for international operations and, at present, also serves domestic flights. It is the largest of the two passenger terminals at the airport. All intercontinental flights operate from Terminal 2. The non-Schengen area of Terminal 2 has been enlarged in 2009 enabling the airport to accommodate eight wide-body aircraft at gates simultaneously while a new shopping area and a spa were opened for passengers on long-distance flights and the division between domestic and international flights was removed. Terminal 2 has many restaurants, bars and shopping areas. The terminal is equipped with 26 aircraft parking stands with passenger bridges. The terminal has a train connection to Helsinki Central railway station.

Terminal 2 passenger facilities include: numerous tax-free shops, Avis, Europcar and Hertz-car rentals, free wireless Internet access, power sockets, lockers, sleeping pods and transfer service desks. Currency exchange, cash machines (ATM), tourist information, an Alepa grocery store and pharmacy are also available. For children, there are also several playrooms. Dining facilities include Burger King and O'Learys Sports Bar as well as numerous other restaurants and cafés. Terminal 2 also includes two Finnair lounges: Finnair Lounge in the Schengen-area and Finnair Premium Lounge in the non-Schengen area.

Terminal 2 is used by member airlines of Oneworld and Skyteam airline alliances. Turkish Airlines makes an exception among Star Alliance airlines by using Terminal 2. In addition to the scheduled services listed, almost all charter flights are handled at Terminal 2. The current airlines using Terminal 2 are Aeroflot, Air Berlin, Airest, Arkia, Belavia, British Airways, Budapest Aircraft Service, Corendon Airlines, Czech Airlines, Finnair, Finnair operated by Nordic Regional Airlines, Freebird Airlines, Jet Time, Icelandair, Japan Airlines, KLM, Nextjet, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Nouvelair Tunisie, Onur Air, Primera Air Scandinavia, Qatar Airways (from 10 October 2016), Sun Express, Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia, TUIfly, TUIfly Nordic, TUIfly Nordic operated by Thomson Airways, Turkish Airlines, Ukraine International Airlines and Ural Airlines. In addition to current airlines, Terminal 2 will have a fourth airline to serve long-haul flights as Beijing Capital Airlines starts flights from Beijing in May 2017.[23]

Other buildings[edit]

There are several airport hotels and office buildings on the grounds of the airport. The Aviapolis is a new international business park adjacent to the Helsinki airport area, already hosting the operations of numerous companies around the airport. In 2013, Finnair opened its new head office, known as House of Travel and Transportation (or "HOTT"). The construction of HOTT began in July 2011 and finished on time in June 2013.

Facilities[edit]

Terminal building and the control tower at Helsinki Airport.
Finnair head office, House of Travel and Transportation.

Cargo facilities[edit]

TNT Airways Boeing 737-400F aircraft at its cargo terminal and DHL Aviation A300-600F in the background.

Helsinki Airport has extensive cargo flight activity. There is a cargo area with cargo terminals and cargo transit facilities in the southeastern part of the airport area. ASL Airlines Belgium (formerly TNT Airways) and DHL have their own cargo terminals at the airport. At the airport there is a new cargo terminal under construction for Finnair Cargo that is the largest operator for passenger and cargo operations at the airport. Currently scheduled cargo operating airlines are AirBridgeCargo Airlines operated with Boeing 747 cargo aircraft, ASL Airlines Belgium, DHL Aviation operated by EAT Leipzig and IAG Cargo and FedEx, UPS Airlines. Turkish Airlines operates its cargo services to HEL with Airbus A310 and A330 cargo aircraft (sometimes operated by ULS Airlines Cargo and MASkargo). In addition to scheduled cargo operations many other cargo airlines such as Emirates SkyCargo, Kalitta Air and Lufthansa Cargo have random operations at Helsinki Airport.

Runways[edit]

Runway 33 at Helsinki Airport

Helsinki Airport has three runways: Runway 1 (04R/22L), Runway 2 (04L/22R) and Runway 3 (15/33). Runway 1 is 3,500 metres (11,483 ft), Runway 2 is 3,060 metres (10,039 ft) long and Runway 3 is 2,901 metres (9,518 ft) long. The runways can handle take-offs and landings of the heaviest aircraft in use today such as Airbus A380. The airport's three runways provide a platform for future growth while the airport is capable of accommodating wide-body aircraft. The use of three runways allows two runways to be kept open when clearing of snow and ice is needed (if one runway at a time is being cleared).[24]

Ground handling[edit]

The following handling agents provide ground handling services for airlines:[25] Airpro, Aviator and Swissport.

Air traffic[edit]

The following airlines maintain hub or base operations at Helsinki Airport:

  • Finnair is the largest airline operating at the airport, with an all-Airbus fleet of over 57 aircraft based at Helsinki, providing scheduled services to the Middle East, Asia, Europe and North-America. Finnair operates almost 20 intercontinental routes from HEL. All flights are operated from Terminal 2.
  • Jet Time is a charter airline that operates several flights from Helsinki to Europe.
  • Nordic Regional Airlines, a subsidiary of Finnair that operates from Helsinki to Europe with its ATR and Embraer fleet. This airline operates from Terminal 2
  • Norwegian Air Shuttle, a low-cost airline which operates to over 30 destinations from Helsinki to Europe and the Middle East. It operates from Terminal 2.
  • Thomas Cook Scandinavia Airlines uses Helsinki Airport as a focus city with many charter flights to Asia and Europe. The airline operates from Terminal 2.
  • TUIfly Nordic, a charter airline that operates to Asia, Europe and North-America. The airline operates from Terminal 2.

Future development[edit]

Development since 2013[edit]

Development timeline[edit]

In 2013 Finavia announced plans to expand the airport to serve up to 20 million passengers by 2020. The construction is set to begin in 2014 by adding capacity to check-in and transit areas at Terminal 2. The expansion project is estimated to cost 900 million euros. Among the completed and planned projects are:[26]

Completed projects

  • Renewal of Baggage Claim Hall 2B (Completed as of January 2015)
  • Renovation of Arrival Hall 2A (Completed as of June 2015)
  • Train connection (Completed as of July 2015)
  • Renovation of Runway 1 (Completed as of August 2015)
  • 3,000 new parking spaces (Completed as of August 2016)

Planned projects

  • New aircraft engine test site (October 2016)
  • Finnair's new cargo terminal (March 2017)
  • The new southern wing (August 2017)
  • The new western wing (Summer 2020)

Expansion of Terminal 2[edit]

Part of the plan was to build a satellite terminal next to Terminal 2 but the plan was cancelled in favor of expansion under a single terminal building.[27] In September 2014 Finavia revealed more detailed plans for the future expansion that will take place between 2014 and 2020. Terminals 1 and 2 will be combined and expanded under one roof with new gates (8 additional gates to Terminal 2) and aircraft stands on the apron.[28] All gates for long-haul flights will have double jet bridges (such as the ones at Incheon International Airport) to enable handling larger aircraft more efficiently. Finavia has made a contract with Thyssen Krupp Airport Systems for 16 wide-body aircraft stands with up to 33 new jet bridges. Gate 49 will be able to accommodate the Airbus A380 superjumbo and there will be new aircraft stands on the apron accommodating the A380. Five of the gates will be able to accommodate two regional jets, such as Boeing 737s or Airbus A320s, simultaneously at a single gate.[29] The terminal will have Finland's first moving walkways.

On 20 September 2016, the construction on the west wing begun, even though it was expected to start in 2017. The construction of the west wing is expected to be finished in 2020. The west wing represents some EUR 300 million of Finavia’s substantial total investment of EUR 900 million. The first part of the west wing to be built is the large central plaza, which is scheduled to open in late 2018. It will bring 25,000 square metres (270,000 sq ft) of new passenger and baggage facilities to the airport.[30]

The Helsinki Airport development programme also includes plans to expand Terminal 2 to the area currently used for parking and public transport. This would provide more space for check-in, security control and baggage operations, allowing the airport to concentrate all departure and arrival services to a single terminal.[30]

Construction of the southern wing of Terminal 2 started on 4 January 2016.[31] Once the southern wing is completed in summer 2017, the floor area of the terminal will increase by a total of 7,850 square metres (84,500 sq ft). There will be two floors: one for arriving passengers, the other for departures. The area of the apron to be renovated covers a total of 157,000 square metres (1,690,000 sq ft).

New cargo terminal[edit]

The construction of a new freight terminal (35,000 m2 or 380,000 sq ft) began in March 2015. The capacity of the terminal is being expanded to accommodate the growing freight capacity that will be provided by Finnair's Airbus A350 XWB fleet. Finnair's freight operations will continue in the current location until relocation to the new freight terminal in spring 2017.[32]

Planned third terminal[edit]

In addition to the terminal expansion, Finavia has also contemplated building a third terminal at Helsinki Airport. According to Finavia's tentative plan, the new terminal would be located between runways 04R/22L and 04L/22R, while runway 15/33 would be removed. The terminal would be the principal terminal at the airport but the check-in area would stay in the current terminal building. The decision to build the third terminal has not been done yet.[33]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Helsinki Airport offers scheduled and charter flights to over 130 destinations in 45 countries around the world. The following airlines offer scheduled flights at Helsinki Airport:

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens 1
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
airBaltic Riga 1
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel 2
Airest Pori 2
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 2
Belavia Minsk-National 2
BRA Seasonal: Salzburg, Visby 1
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Budapest Aircraft Service Savonlinna 2
Czech Airlines Prague 2
Finnair Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Budapest, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Delhi, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Hong Kong, Ivalo, Joensuu, Kittilä, Kraków, Kuopio, Kuusamo, London-Heathrow, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Rovaniemi, Saint Petersburg, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Vaasa, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Yekaterinburg, Zürich
Seasonal: Alicante (begins 26 March 2017),[34] Antalya, Athens, Bergen, Biarritz, Catania, Chania, Chicago-O'Hare, Corfu (begins 30 April 2017),[35] Dalaman, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Dubai-International, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Eilat-Ovda, Fuerteventura, Fukuoka, Funchal, Gazipaşa, Gran Canaria, Guangzhou, Heraklion, Ho Chi Minh City, Ibiza (begins 17 June 2017),[36] Innsbruck, Kos, Krabi, Lanzarote, Ljubljana, Malta, Menorca (begins 21 May 2017),[36][37] Mytilene, Naples, Nice, Paphos, Palma de Mallorca, Phuket, Pisa, Preveza, Pula, Reykjavík-Keflavík (begins 11 April 2017),[38] Rhodes, Rimini, Salzburg, San Francisco (resumes 1 June 2017),[34] Santorini, Skiathos, Split, Tenerife-North, Tenerife-South, Varna, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona, Xi'an, Zakynthos
2
Finnair
operated by Air Berlin
Amsterdam,[39] Berlin-Tegel,[39] Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Ljubljana, Málaga, Rhodes, Split, Vienna 2
Finnair
operated by BRA
Umeå 2
Finnair
operated by Norra
Berlin-Tegel, Billund, Brussels, Budapest, Copenhagen, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh (begins 1 November 2016), Frankfurt, Gdansk, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Joensuu, Jyväskylä, Kajaani, Kaunas (begins 14 July 2017),[40] Kemi, Kokkola, Kuopio, Kuusamo, Manchester, Mariehamn, Munich, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Riga, Saint Petersburg, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stockholm-Bromma, Tallinn, Tampere, Tartu, Turku, Vaasa, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Zürich
Seasonal: Enontekiö, Kazan, Samara, Visby
2
Icelandair Reykjavík-Keflavík 2
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita 2
KLM Amsterdam 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Nextjet Västerås 2
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Barcelona, Budapest, Copenhagen, Dublin, London-Gatwick, Madrid, Málaga, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Paris-Orly, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Rovaniemi, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Athens, Burgas, Chania, Corfu, Dubai-International, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, Ivalo, Kittilä, Larnaca, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Pula, Rhodes, Salzburg, Split, Tenerife South, Venice-Marco Polo
2
Primera Air Scandinavia Seasonal: Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, La Palma (begins 22 December 2016),[41] Tenerife South 2
Qatar Airways Doha (begins 10 October 2016)[42][43] 2
Scandinavian Airlines1 Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 1
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by CityJet
Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 1
Severstal Air Company Cherepovets 2
SunExpress Seasonal: Izmir 2
TAP Portugal Lisbon 1
Thomson Airways Seasonal: Cancún (begins 18 December 2016),[44] Colombo (begins 23 December 2016),[44] Krabi (begins 13 December 2016),[44] Mauritius (begins 14 December 2016),[44] Phuket (begins 12 December 2016)[44] 2
TUIfly Seasonal: Gran Canaria 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 2
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil 2
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Yekaterinburg 2
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona 1
Notes

^1 Some flights operated by Danish Air Transport.

Charter[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Kos 1
Air Europa Seasonal: Barcelona[45] 2
Bulgaria Air Seasonal: Bourgas 2
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Varna 2
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum, Gazipasa 2
Enter Air Seasonal: Baghdad 2
Finnair Seasonal: Agadir, Baku, Goa, Havana, Karpathos, Murmansk, Puerto Plata 2
Freebird Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 2
Iberia Seasonal: Barcelona, Madrid[45] 2
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid[45] 2
Jet Time Antalya, Bodrum, Bourgas, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gazipaşa, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Kavala, Kos, Lanzarote, Mahon, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Split, Zakynthos 2
Nouvelair Tunisie Seasonal: Enfidha 2
Onur Air Seasonal: Antalya 2
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Kittilä, Salzburg, Turin 1
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Seasonal: Banjul, Chania, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Tenerife-South, Varna 2
TUIfly Nordic Seasonal: Alghero, Antalya, Boavista, Catania, Chania, Gran Canaria, Kos, Krabi, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca, Phuket, Rhodes, Sal, Samos, Split, Tenerife North, Tenerife South 2
TUIfly Nordic
operated by Thomson Airways
Seasonal: Cancún, Colombo, Krabi, Mauritius, Montego Bay, Phuket 2
Wamos Air Seasonal: Barcelona[45] 2

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Frankfurt, Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Airest Tallinn
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège, Turku, Örebro
DHL Aviation
operated by EAT Leipzig
Brussels, Leipzig/Halle, London-Luton
DHL Aviation
operated by IAG Cargo
London-Heathrow
FedEx Express Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Stockholm-Arlanda
Finnair Cargo[46] Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Brussels, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Delhi, Dubai-International, Edinburgh, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, London-Heathrow, Miami, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Phuket, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Xi'an
Nord-Flyg Mariehamn
Pskovavia Saint Petersburg
Turkish Airlines Cargo2 Belgrade, Istanbul-Atatürk, Stockholm-Arlanda, Vienna
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Malmö, Stockholm-Arlanda
Notes

^2 Some flights operated by MASkargo or ULS Airlines Cargo.

Statistics[edit]

Busiest routes[edit]

Finnair is the largest airline operating at the airport, pictured here is one of their Airbus A350-900s
A Scandinavian Airlines Bombardier CRJ-900 taxiing at Helsinki Airport.
An Air Berlin Airbus A321-200 taxiing at Helsinki Airport.
A KLM Boeing 737-800 in the new livery at Helsinki Airport.
A Japan Airlines Boeing 787-8 aircraft taxiing at HEL.
An AirBridgeCargo Airlines Boeing 747-8F at Helsinki Airport.
A UPS Airlines Boeing 767-300F taxiing at Helsinki Airport.

10 busiest European routes by weekly departures:

Rank City Airport(s) Weekly departures
(May 2014)
Airlines
1. Sweden Stockholm ARN, BMA
149
Cimber, Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines, Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines
2. Denmark Copenhagen CPH
81
Cimber, Finnair, Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines
3. United Kingdom London LHR, LGW
62
British Airways, Finnair, Norwegian
4. Latvia Riga RIX
50
Air Baltic, Nordic Regional Airlines
5. Norway Oslo OSL
48
Cimber, Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines, Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines
6. Germany Frankfurt FRA
42
Finnair, Lufthansa, Nordic Regional Airlines
7. Estonia Tallinn TLL
39
Nordic Regional Airlines
8. France Paris CDG, ORY
38
Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines, Norwegian
8. Germany Berlin TXL
38
Air Berlin, Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines
10. Germany Munich MUC
35
Finnair, Lufthansa, Nordic Regional Airlines
10. Netherlands Amsterdam AMS
35
Finnair, KLM

11 busiest intercontinental scheduled routes by weekly departures:

Rank City Airport(s) Weekly departures
(January 2016)
Airlines
1. Japan Tokyo Tokyo-Narita
14
Finnair, Japan Airlines
2. Thailand Bangkok Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
14
Finnair
3. United Arab Emirates Dubai Dubai-International
13
Finnair, Norwegian Air Shuttle
4. China Beijing Beijing-Capital
7
Finnair
5. Hong Kong Hong Kong Hong Kong
7
Finnair
6. United States New York City New York-JFK
7
Finnair
7. South Korea Seoul Seoul-Incheon
7
Finnair
8. China Shanghai Shanghai-Pudong
7
Finnair
9. India Delhi Delhi
5
Finnair
10. Japan Nagoya Nagoya-Centrair
5
Finnair
11. Japan Osaka Osaka-Kansai
5
Finnair

10 busiest domestic routes by weekly departures:

Rank City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(May 2014)
Airlines
1. Finland Oulu OUL
88
Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
2. Finland Kuopio KUO
47
Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines
3. Finland Vaasa VAA
39
Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines
4. Finland Rovaniemi RVN
32
Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
5. Finland Tampere TMP
31
Nordic Regional Airlines
5. Finland Turku TKU
31
Nordic Regional Airlines
7. Finland Joensuu JOE
30
Nordic Regional Airlines
8. Finland Kajaani KAJ
22
Nordic Regional Airlines
9. Finland Jyväskylä JYV
21
Nordic Regional Airlines
10. Finland Kemi KEM
20
Nordic Regional Airlines

Countries with most handled passengers
to/from Helsinki Airport (2015)

Rank Country Passengers
1.  Germany 1,693,436
2.  Sweden 1,658,409
3.  Spain 1,366,811
4.  United Kingdom 1,144,734
5.  Denmark 787,370
6.  France 589,589
7.  Turkey 557,679
8. Japan Japan 556,839
9.  Italy 553,617
10.  Netherlands 522,309
11.  Norway 403,317
12. China China 402,592
13.  Greece 393,248
14. Thailand Thailand 344,378
15.   Switzerland 332,512
16.  Russia 328,144
17.  Latvia 270,604
18.  Poland 240,702
19. United States United States 233,183
20.  Estonia 231,370
21.  Czech Republic 221,466
22.  Hungary 218,400
23.  Belgium 185,084
24.  Hong Kong 176,171
25.  Austria 172,427
26.  South Korea 168,917
27.  Singapore 140,752
28.  Croatia 125,270
29.  Portugal 112,419
30.  Iceland 109,617
"Traffic statistics – Scheduled traffic" (PDF). Finavia. 

Airline market share[edit]

Largest Airlines at HEL by seat capacity (Sep 2015 – Oct 2015)[47]
Rank Airline Share
1 Finnair1 67.1%
2 Norwegian Air Shuttle 12.5%
3 Scandinavian Airlines 5.4%
4 Lufthansa 3.4%
5 KLM 1.6%
6 Air Berlin 1.6%
7 Turkish Airlines 1.5%
8 airBaltic 1.3%
Other airlines 5.5%
Notes

Passengers[edit]

Annual passenger statistics for Helsinki Airport[48]
Year
Domestic
passengers
% change
International
passengers
% change
Total
passengers
% change
2016
(YTD)
1,733,176 4.1 Increase 9,740,278 4.7 Increase 11,473,454 4.6 Increase
2015 2,591,724 3.4 Increase 13,830,542 2.9 Increase 16,442,266 3.0 Increase
2014 2,507,193 3.1 Increase 13,441,567 4.6 Increase 15,948,760 4.4 Increase
2013 2,431,632 10.8 Decrease 12,847,411 5.6 Increase 15,279,043 2.8 Increase
2012 2,693,151 0.5 Decrease 12,165,064 0.0 Increase 14,858,215 0.1 Decrease
2011 2,707,044 22.6 Increase 12,158,827 14.6 Increase 14,865,871 15.5 Increase
2010 2,208,521 9.6 Decrease 10,674,878 4.3 Increase 12,883,399 2.2 Increase
2009 2,372,844 12.1 Decrease 10,218,762 4.9 Increase 12,591,606 6.3 Decrease
2008 2,700,350 6.1 Decrease 10,726,551 4.5 Increase 13,426,901 2.2 Increase
2007 2,875,289 1.8 Decrease 10,215,455 10.8 Increase 13,090,744 7.8 Increase
2006 2,927,627 4.4 Increase 9,220,154 10.7 Increase 12,147,781 9.1 Increase
2005 2,804,304 1.1 Decrease 8,326,285 5.5 Increase 11,130,589 3.7 Increase
2004 2,836,852 Steady 7,893,125 Steady 10,729,977 10.5 Increase
2003 2,684,618 Steady 7,026,302 Steady 9,710,920 1.1 Increase
2002 2,747,862 Steady 6,862,025 Steady 9,609,887 4.2 Decrease
2001 2,999,672 Steady 7,031,246 Steady 10,030,918 0.2 Increase
2000 3,042,914 Steady 6,967,234 Steady 10,010,148 4.7 Increase
1999 2,803,907 Steady 6,760,931 Steady 9,564,028 2.2 Increase

Freight and Mail[edit]

Loaded/Unloaded freight and mail (tons, kg) Helsinki Airport[49]
Year Domestic freight Domestic mail International freight International mail Total freight and mail Change
2005 4,692 5,251 115,734 9,627 135,303 +1.9% Increase
2006 4,145 5,469 126,332 9,098 145,044 +7.2% Increase
2007 3,171 5,676 139,840 14,961 154,801 +6.7% Increase
2008 2,968 4,435 140,572 9,532 157,508 +1.8% Increase
2009 1,322 2,161 110,382 8,243 122,107 −22.5% Decrease
2010 1,083 1,992 147,139 7,793 158,007 +29.4% Increase
2011 615 2,464 157,178 9,962 169,985 +8.0% Increase
2012 1,747 1,930 180,426 8,100 192,204 +12.8% Increase
2013 1,260 1,857 179,615 7,713 190,175 -1.0% Decrease
2014 987 1,558 175,341 10,986 188,872 -0.7% Decrease
2015 598 1,378 150,366 9,185 161,572 -14.7% Decrease

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Helsinki Airport rail services
Airport
Aviapolis
Kivistö
Leinelä
Vehkala
Vantaankoski
Tampere, Lahti
Martinlaakso
Hiekkaharju
Louhela
Tikkurila
Myyrmäki
Puistola
Malminkartano
Tapanila
Kannelmäki
Malmi
Pohjois-Haaga
Pukinmäki
Turku
Oulunkylä
Huopalahti
Käpylä
Ilmala
Pasila
Helsinki Central
Helsinki Airport Railway Station

The Ring Rail Line railway link to the airport opened for traffic in July 2015.[50] The new railway serves local commuter trains running at 10-minute intervals at peak periods, although capacity problems have prevented dedicated airport express style trains[citation needed]. The westbound commuter line "I" runs to Helsinki Central station via Huopalahti, while the eastbound commuter line "P" runs to Helsinki Central station via Tikkurila. The trip from the airport underground station to Helsinki Central station takes about 30 minutes and costs 5,50 euros. Eastbound trains stop at Tikkurila (8 minutes away) where passengers can transfer to trains going away from Helsinki, in the directions of Tampere and Lahti, including lines to Saint Petersburg and Moscow.[51]

Taxi[edit]

Taxi ranks are located outside Terminal 1 and Terminal 2.[52]

Bus[edit]

There is regular bus service provided by the bus line 615 from the airport to the Helsinki Central railway station in 30–55 minutes, and major hotels and railway stations in the Greater Helsinki Area in 15–120 minutes[citation needed]. The chief operator of these services is the Helsinki Regional Transport Authority. A direct coach service by Finnair is also available to and from the city center (usually about 30 min). On 1 June 2016, the new bus terminal opened. It is located between Terminal 2 and Hilton-hotel.[53]

Coach connections, daytime and overnight, to all parts of Finland are provided by Matkahuolto and ExpressBus. They depart from the airport coach terminal.

Means of transport at Helsinki Airport
Means of transport Operator Route Destinations Website Notes
Bus Bus Helsinki Regional Transport Authority 615 Helsinki Central railway station (Finnish: Rautatientori) www.hsl.fi
Pohjolan Liikenne Finnair City Bus Helsinki Central railway station www.pohjolanliikenne.fi
Matkahuolto -- Hämeenlinna, Imatra, Joensuu, Jyväskylä, Kajaani, Kotka, Kouvola, Kuopio, Lahti, Lappeenranta, Lohja, Mikkeli, Oulu, Porvoo, Salo, Tampere, Turku, Vaasa www.matkahuolto.fi
OnniBus.com OnniFlyer (F10) Naantali, Raisio, Turku, Salo onniflyer.com
Train Train VR P Helsinki Central railway station (via Tikkurila railway station) www.vr.fi
VR I Helsinki Central railway station (via Huopalahti railway station) www.vr.fi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b "EFHK Helsinki-Vantaa" (PDF). AIP Suomi / Finland. Finavia. 23 July 2015. pp. EFHK AD 2.1, pp. 1–7. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Finavia's Air Traffic Statistics 2010" (PDF). Vantaa: Finavia. pp. 7, 9. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "Helsinki Airport". Finavia. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "EFHK Helsinki-Vantaa" (PDF). AIP Suomi / Finland. Finavia. 5 February 2015. pp. EFHK AD 2.1, p. 1. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 
  6. ^ "Shortest route between Europe and Asia". Finavia. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "Helsinki Airport is designed for smooth travelling". Finavia. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  8. ^ "Record-breaking year 2016 at Helsinki Airport: The most extensive route selection ever". Finavia. 19 November 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "(HEL) Helsinki-Vantaa Airport". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  10. ^ "Helsinki Airport". www.helsinkiairport.net (unofficial website). Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  11. ^ Sirén, Vesa (4 February 2015). "Arvovaltainen aloite: Helsinki-Vantaan lentokentästä Sibelius-lentokenttä". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  12. ^ "Helsinki-Vantaan lentoaseman nimeen halutaan Jean Sibelius". MTV Uutiset (in Finnish). MTV Oy. 4 February 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "History of Helsinki Airport". Finavia. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
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  17. ^ "SAS Enters into Agreements with Cityjet for Wet Lease and Sale of Blue1". Business Wire. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  18. ^ http://www.helsinki-vantaa.fi/enemman-tietoa/helsinki-vantaa-lyhyesti/kehityshankkeet/terminaalilaajennus
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  29. ^ "ThyssenKrupp toimittaa Helsinki-Vantaan uudet matkustajasillat". Lentoposti.fi (in Finnish). 12 August 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
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  46. ^ [2]
  47. ^ http://centreforaviation.com/analysis/finnairs-a350-delivery-brings-more-growth-to-helsinki-vantaa-airport-now-to-attract-other-airlines-247081
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  53. ^ http://lentoposti.fi/uutiset/helsinki_vantaalle_avautui_uusi_bussiporttiterminaali_kuljetusten_tarve_kasvaa_laajennustoiden_ajaksi

External links[edit]