Helsinki Airport

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This article is about the main airport of Helsinki. For Helsinki-Malmi Airport, see Helsinki-Malmi Airport.
Helsinki Airport
Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema
Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats
Helsinki Vantaa Logo.png
Helsinki-vantaa aerial.jpg
Aerial view of Helsinki Airport
IATA: HELICAO: EFHK
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Finavia
Serves Helsinki, Finland
Location Vantaa
Opened 1952 (1952)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 55 m / 179 ft
Coordinates 60°19′02″N 024°57′48″E / 60.31722°N 24.96333°E / 60.31722; 24.96333Coordinates: 60°19′02″N 024°57′48″E / 60.31722°N 24.96333°E / 60.31722; 24.96333
Website www.helsinkiairport.fi
Map
HEL is located in Finland
HEL
HEL
Location within Finland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04R/22L 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
04L/22R 3,060 10,039 Asphalt
15/33 2,901 9,518 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 16,422,266
Passenger change 14–15 Increase3.0%
Aircraft movements 165,430
Movements change 14–15 Increase0.39%
Source: AIP Finland[2]
Statistics from Finavia[3]

Helsinki Airport[4] or Helsinki-Vantaa Airport[5] (IATA: HELICAO: EFHK; Finnish: Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema, Swedish: Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats) is the main international airport of the Helsinki metropolitan region. The airport is located in the city of Vantaa, about 5 kilometres (3 mi) west of Tikkurila, the centre of Vantaa and 9.2 NM (17.0 km; 10.6 mi) north[2] of Helsinki city center. The airport is operated by Finavia. Helsinki Airport is the leading long-haul airport in Northern Europe.[6]

The airport is the main international gateway to Finland and the biggest airport in the country. It is the 31st largest airport in Europe and 4th largest in the Nordic countries in terms of passenger numbers. About 90% of Finland’s international air traffic passes through Helsinki Airport.[7] The airport handled 16.4 million passengers in 2015, 13.8 million international passengers and 2.6 million domestic passengers. The airport handled 165,430 tonnes of cargo in 2015. Furthermore, the airport handles around 350 departures a day.[8]

The airport is the main hub for Finnair, the flag carrier of Finland, and its subsidiary Nordic Regional Airlines. It is also the hub for CityJet (on behalf of SAS), Jet Time, TUIfly Nordic and operating base for Norwegian Air Shuttle and Primera Air. The airport is also a focus city for Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia. Helsinki Airport handles around 40 airlines, 28 scheduled and 13 charter airlines, and offers scheduled and charter flights to over 130 destinations in 45 countries around the world. The airport has total of 21 direct long-haul routes to Asia and North America and numerous charter long-haul destinations.[9] Currently Helsinki Airport has two terminals with a total of 27 jet bridges and numerous remote parking stands.

Overview[edit]

Originally built for the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, the airport is today the fourth busiest airport in the Nordic countries,[10] with 15,948,760 passengers having used the airport in 2014. This number makes up for 81% of the total number of passengers in Finland's 21 commercial airports combined (18,880,940).[11] making it the busiest airport in Finland by far. It provides jobs for 20,000 people and there are 1,500 companies that operate at this airport.[12] The airport is operated by Finavia, the state-owned enterprise that operates Finland's airports.

As of February 2015, there has been a proposal to rename the airport as "Sibelius Airport" after Jean Sibelius, Finland's most famous composer. The proposal stems from the project group of Jean Sibelius's anniversary year 2015, the foundation for the Sibelius birth city foundation and the Sibelius society. The Finnish government ministers Alexander Stubb, Antti Rinne and Paula Risikko have expressed positive feedback for the proposal.[13][14]

History[edit]

History of the airport[edit]

Opening and early years[edit]

Aerial photo of the first terminal at Helsinki Airport
Aerial photo of Helsinki Airport terminal area in 1969

The planning of a new airport for Helsinki had already begun in the 1940s, when it became obvious that the old airport at Malmi could not handle the increasing number of passengers or the new, heavier aircraft.[15]

Helsinki Airport built for the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki. First two Aero Oy DC-3 aircraft, OH-LCC and OH-LCD, landed on 26 June 1952. While Aero (now Finnair) used Helsinki-Malmi Airport, charter flights were directed to the new airport on 26 October 1952. At the airport there had to be only one runway, however the second runway was built four years later in 1956. Regular jet flight operations began in 1959. In 1973, first security checks on international flights. The new terminal opened in 1969 and the first transatlantic service to New York was inaugurated on 15 May 1969.

1970s - 1990s[edit]

The name Helsinki-Vantaa Airport was taken in use in 1977. In 1983, the airport became the first one to have non-stop service from Western Europe to Japan as Finnair commanced the service between Helsinki and Tokyo with one McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER. The passenger terminal was expanded for the first time in 1983 and five years later, in 1988, the airport handled over six million passengers annually. The new terminal was constructed for domestic flights in 1993. In 1996, international terminal was expanded and domestic terminal was combined with it. At the same time, new control tower was completed. In November 1999, international terminal was expanded again and the lobby for arriving and departing passengers was built.

2000s - 2010s[edit]

In 2000, the airport handled over 10 million passengers for the first time ever. The third runway was taken in use on 28 November 2002. The first user was Finnair McDonneld Douglas MD-11 en route to New York. In 2004, international terminal was expanded and the new shopping area was opened for long-haul flight passengers. In 2004, expansion of the International Flights Terminal and opening of a new shopping area for long-haul passengers. In 2009 expansion of Terminal 2 completed. The total floor area is 43 908 square meters. In that year also a new shopping area and a spa was opened for passengers on long-distance flights, the division between domestic and international flights was removed, Terminal 1 was renovated to be used for international flights. In July 2015, train operation on the Ring Rail Line and connection to Helsinki Central Railway Station was opened.

History of the airlines[edit]

Blue1 had its primary hub at Helsinki Airport. One of its Boeing 717 aircraft pictured.

In the 1990s, Delta Air Lines commanced its operations at the airport and also another American carrier, Pan Am, operated flights from Helsinki to US. In 2009, TAP Portugal commanced service between Helsinki and Lisbon. In April 2010, Norwegian Air Shuttle opened its first routes to Oslo and Stockhom using Boeing 737 jets.[16] Now the airline is the one of the largest operators at the airport. As of 2008, easyJet had operated three routes from Helsinki to Manchester, London-Gatwick and Paris-Charles de Gaulle. However the low-cost airline cancelled those routes in 2011. The reason for easyJet’s withdrawal is weak demand at the Helsinki end of the routes.[17] In May 2011, American Airlines opened summer seasonal service between Helsinki and Chicago, United States using Boeing 767 jetliners.[18] However, the airline cancelled service in 2014 as the route was converted to Finnair. In November 2011, Austrian Airlines cancelled its Vienna-Helsinki operations. In 2012, Helsinki Airport got its another daily service to Tokyo as Japan Airlines commanced service to Helsinki using Boeing 787 Dreamliners. In the same year Czech Airlines ceased its Helsinki operations due to low demand. A year later LOT Polish Airlines cancelled its service to Helsinki. In 2014, many airlines cancelled flights. In that year Aer Lingus and Germanwings as well as S7 Airlines and Wizz Air that also started operations in that year, cancelled services to Helsinki. In March 2015, Swiss International Air Lines started operations to Helsinki but cancelled it a year after and thus Finnair is the only airline to operate service between Helsinki and Switzerland. In late 2015, Blue1 ceased its all operations from Helsinki that was its only base. The airline flew to around 28 destinations in Europe. Scandinavian Airlines sold Blue1 to CityJet, which continues to operate the company on behalf of SAS as part of a larger relationship.[19] In March 2016, Czech Airlines resumed flights from Prague to Helsinki using respectively Airbus A319, Boeing 737-400 and Boeing 737-700 aircraft.

Composition[edit]

Terminals[edit]

Map of Helsinki Airport.

The airport is nominally divided into two terminals, located 250 metres (820 ft) apart and linked by an internal pedestrian connection both airside and landside. In practice, however, the airside parts of the terminal buildings are not divided into Terminal 1 (the former domestic terminal) and Terminal 2 (the former international terminal) but to Schengen and non-Schengen areas. The terminal capacity of the airport is approximately 16–17 million passengers per year.[20]

Domestic flights as well as flights to European Schengen countries are operated from gates 11–31. Long-haul and European non-Schengen flights are operated from gates 31–38.[21]

In 2014, Helsinki airport introduced the world's first passenger tracking system,[22] which automatically monitors crowd congestion and prevents bottlenecks at the two-terminal airport.[22]

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 (gates 5-15) has 11 gates and four of them are equipped with jet bridges. The terminal opened in 1952 and is the first terminal at the airport. It is used by member airlines of Star Alliance such as Aegean Airlines, Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines, TAP Portugal. In addition to Star Alliance members, airBaltic, Vueling also operate flight at this terminal. Previously Icelandair operated its service to Reykjavík from this terminal but moved to Terminal 2 on 13 April 2015.[23] Currently none of airlines operate long haul flights from Terminal 1.

Terminal 1 passenger facilities include for example tax-free shops, free wireless Internet access, power sockets, lockers. There is also restaurants, cafés and SAS Business Lounge.[24]

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 (gates 16–38) opened in 1969 for international operations and, at present, also serves domestic flights. It is the largest of the two passenger terminals at the airport. All intercontinental flights operate from Terminal 2. The non-Schengen area of Terminal 2 has been enlarged in 2009 enabling the airport to accommodate eight wide-body aircraft at gates simultaneously while a new shopping area and a spa were opened for passengers on long-distance flights and the division between domestic and international flights was removed. Terminal 2 has many restaurants, bars and shopping areas. The terminal is equipped with 26 aircraft parking stands with passenger bridges. The terminal has train connection to Helsinki Central railway station.

Terminal 2 passenger facilities include: numerous tax-free shops, Avis, Europcar and Hertz-car rentals, free wireless Internet access, power sockets, lockers, sleeping pods and transfer service desks. Currency exchange, cash machines (ATM), tourist information, grocery store Alepa and pharmacy are also available. For children there are also many playrooms. Dining facilities includes for example Burger King and O'Learys Sports Bar and many other restaurants and cafés. Terminal 2 also includes two Finnair lounges: Finnair Lounge in the Schengen-area and Finnair Premium Lounge in the non-Schengen area.

Terminal 2 is used by member airlines of Oneworld and Skyteam airline alliances. Turkish Airlines makes an exception among Star Alliance airlines by using Terminal 2. In addition to the scheduled services listed, almost all charter flights are handled at Terminal 2. The current airlines using Terminal 2 are Aeroflot, Air Berlin, Airest, Arkia, Belavia, British Airways, Budapest Aircraft Service, Corendon Airlines, Czech Airlines, Finnair, Finnair operated by Nordic Regional Airlines, Freebird Airlines, Jet Time, Icelandair, Japan Airlines, KLM, Nextjet (from 15 September 2016), Norwegian Air Shuttle, Nouvelair Tunisie, Onur Air, Primera Air Scandinavia, Qatar Airways (from 10 October 2016), Sun Express, Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia, TUIfly, TUIfly Nordic, TUIfly Nordic operated by Thomson Airways, Turkish Airlines, Ukraine International Airlines and Ural Airlines. In addition to current airlines, Terminal 2 will have fourth airline to serve long-haul flights as Beijing Capital Airlines starts flights from Beijing in May 2017.[25]

Other buildings[edit]

Terminal building and the control tower at Helsinki Airport.
Finnair head office, House of Travel and Transportation.

There are several airport hotels and office buildings on the grounds of the airport. The Aviapolis is a new international business park adjacent to the Helsinki airport area, already hosting the operations of numerous companies around the airport.

In 2013, Finnair opened its new head office, known as House of Travel and Transportation (or "HOTT"). The construction of HOTT began in July 2011 and finished on time in June 2013.

On 1 June 2016, new bus terminal opened. It is located between Terminal 2 and Hilton-hotel.[26]

Facilities[edit]

Cargo facilities[edit]

TNT Airways Boeing 737-400F aircraft at its cargo terminal and DHL Aviation A300-600F in the background.

Helsinki Airport has extensive cargo flight activity. There is a cargo area with cargo terminals and cargo transit facilities in the southeastern part of the airport area. ASL Airlines Belgium (formerly TNT Airways) and DHL have their own cargo terminals at the airport. At the airport there is a new cargo terminal under construction for Finnair Cargo that is the largest operator for passenger and cargo operations at the airport. Currently scheduled cargo operating airlines are AirBridgeCargo Airlines operated with Boeing 747 cargo aircraft, ASL Airlines Belgium, DHL Aviation operated by EAT Leipzig and IAG Cargo and FedEx, UPS Airlines. Turkish Airlines operates its cargo services to HEL with Airbus A310 and A330 cargo aircraft (sometimes operated by ULS Airlines Cargo and MASkargo). In addition to scheduled cargo operations many other cargo airlines such as Emirates SkyCargo, Kalitta Air and Lufthansa Cargo has random operations at Helsinki Airport.

Runways[edit]

Runway 33 at Helsinki Airport

Helsinki Airport has three runways: Runway 1 (04R/22L), Runway 2 (04L/22R) and Runway 3 (15/33). Runway 1 is 3,500 metres (11,483 ft), Runway 2 is 3,060 metres (10,039 ft) long and Runway 3 is 2,901 metres (9,518 ft) long. The runways can handle take-offs and landings of the heaviest aircraft in use today such as Airbus A380. The airport's three runways provide a platform for future growth while the airport is capable of accommodating wide-body aircraft. The use of three runways allows two runways to be kept open when clearing of snow and ice is needed (if one runway at a time is being cleared).[27]

Ground handling[edit]

The following handling agents provide ground handling services for airlines:[28] Airpro, Aviator and Swissport.

Air traffic[edit]

Finnair is the largest airline operating at the airport, pictured here is one of their Airbus A350-900s

The following airlines maintain hub or base operations at Helsinki Airport:

  • Finnair is the largest airline operating at the airport, with all-Airbus fleet of over 57 aircraft based at Helsinki, providing scheduled services to the Middle East, Asia, Europe and North-America. Finnair operates almost 20 intercontinental routes from HEL. All flights are operated from Terminal 2.
  • Jet Time is a charter airline that operates several flights from Helsinki to Europe.
  • Nordic Regional Airlines, a subsidiary of Finnair that operates from Helsinki to Europe with its ATR and Embraer fleet. This airline operates from Terminal 2
  • Norwegian Air Shuttle, a low-cost airline which operates to over 30 destinations from Helsinki to the Europe and Middle East. It operates from Terminal 2.
  • Thomas Cook Scandinavia Airlines uses Helsinki Airport as a focus city with many charter flights to Asia and Europe. The airline operates from Terminal 2.
  • TUIfly Nordic, a charter airline that operates to Asia, Europe and North-America. The airline operates from Terminal 2.

Future development[edit]

Development since 2013[edit]

Development timeline[edit]

In 2013 Finavia announced plans to expand the airport to serve up to 20 million passengers by 2020. The construction is set to begin in 2014 by adding capacity to check-in and transit areas at Terminal 2. The expansion project is estimated to cost 900 million euros. Among the finished and the further planned projects are:[29]

Finished projects

  • Renewal of Baggage Claim Hall 2B (done as of January 2015)
  • Renovation of Arrival Hall 2A (done as of June 2015)
  • Train connection (done as of July 2015)
  • Renovation of Runway 1 (done as of August 2015)
  • 3000 new parking spaces (done as of August 2016)

Planned projects

  • New aircraft engine test site (October 2016)
  • Finnair's new cargo terminal (March 2017)
  • The new southern wing (August 2017)
  • The new western wing (Summer 2020)

Expansion of Terminal 2[edit]

Part of the plan was to build a satellite terminal next to Terminal 2 but the plan was cancelled in favor of expansion under a single terminal building.[30] In September 2014 Finavia revealed more detailed plans for the future expansion that will take place between 2014 and 2020. Terminals 1 and 2 will be combined and expanded under one roof with new gates (8 additional gates to Terminal 2) and aircraft stands on the apron.[31] All gates for long-haul flights will have double jet bridges (such as at Incheon International Airport) to enable handling larger aircraft faster. Finavia has made a contract with Thyssen Krupp Airport Systems for 16 wide-body aircraft stands with up to 33 new jet bridges. The gate 49 will be able to accommodate Airbus A380 superjumbo and there will be new aircraft stands on the apron accommodating A380. Five of the gates will be able to accommodate two regional jets at the single gate such as Boeing 737s or Airbus A320s.[32] The terminal will have the Finland's first moving walkways.

Construction of the southern wing of Terminal 2 started on 4 January 2016 while construction of the western wing is expected to start in 2017.[33] Once the southern wing is completed in summer 2017, the floor area of the terminal will increase by a total of 7,850 square meters. There will be two floors: one for arriving passengers, the other for departures. The area of the apron to be renovated covers a total of 157,000 square meters.

New cargo terminal[edit]

The construction of a new freight terminal (35,000 square metres) began in March 2015. The capacity of the terminal is being expanded to accommodate the growing freight capacity that will be provided by Finnair's Airbus A350 XWB fleet. Finnair's freight operations will continue in the current location until the relocation to the new freight terminal in spring 2017.[34]

Planned third terminal[edit]

In addition to the terminal expansion, Finavia has also planned to build the third terminal at Helsinki Airport. According to Finavia's plan the new terminal would be located between runways 04R/22L and 04L/22R and runway 15/33 would be removed. The terminal would be the main terminal of the airport but check-in area would stay in the current terminal building. The decision to build the third terminal has not been done yet.[35]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Helsinki Airport offers scheduled and charter flights to over 130 destinations in 45 countries around the world. The following airlines offer scheduled flights at Helsinki Airport:

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens 1
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
airBaltic Riga 1
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel 2
Airest Pori 2
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 2
Belavia Minsk-National 2
BRA Seasonal: Salzburg, Visby 1
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Budapest Aircraft Service Savonlinna 2
Czech Airlines Prague 2
Finnair Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Budapest, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Delhi, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Hong Kong, Ivalo, Joensuu, Kittilä, Kraków, Kuopio, Kuusamo, London-Heathrow, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Rovaniemi, Saint Petersburg, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Vaasa, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Yekaterinburg, Zürich
Seasonal: Alicante (begins 26 March 2017), Antalya, Athens, Bergen, Biarritz, Catania, Chania, Chicago-O'Hare, Corfu (begins 30 April 2017),[36] Dalaman, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Dubai-International, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Eilat-Ovda, Fuerteventura, Fukuoka, Funchal, Gazipaşa, Gran Canaria, Guangzhou, Heraklion, Ho Chi Minh City, Ibiza (begins 17 June 2017),[37] Innsbruck, Kos, Krabi, Lanzarote, Ljubljana, Malta, Menorca (begins 21 May 2017),[38][39] Mytilene, Naples, Nice, Paphos, Palma de Mallorca, Phuket, Pisa, Preveza, Pula, Reykjavík-Keflavík (begins 11 April 2017),[40] Rhodes, Rimini, Salzburg, Santorini, Skiathos, Split, Tenerife-North, Tenerife-South, Varna, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona, Xi'an, Zakynthos
2
Finnair
operated by Air Berlin
Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Ljubljana, Málaga, Rhodes, Split, Vienna 2
Finnair
operated by BRA
Umeå (begins 1 September 2016)[41] 2
Finnair
operated by Norra
Berlin-Tegel, Billund, Brussels, Budapest, Copenhagen, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh (begins 1 November 2016), Frankfurt, Gdansk, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Joensuu, Jyväskylä, Kajaani, Kaunas (begins 14 July 2017),[42] Kemi, Kokkola, Kuopio, Kuusamo, Manchester, Mariehamn, Munich, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Riga, Saint Petersburg, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stockholm-Bromma, Tallinn, Tampere, Tartu, Turku, Vaasa, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Zürich
Seasonal: Enontekiö, Kazan, Samara, Visby
2
Icelandair Reykjavík-Keflavík 2
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita 2
KLM Amsterdam 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Nextjet Västerås (begins 15 September 2016)[43] 2
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Barcelona, Budapest, Copenhagen, Dublin, London-Gatwick, Madrid, Málaga, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Paris-Orly, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Rovaniemi, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Athens, Burgas, Chania, Corfu, Dubai-International, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, Ivalo, Kittilä, Larnaca, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Pula, Rhodes, Salzburg, Split, Tenerife South, Venice-Marco Polo
2
Primera Air Scandinavia Seasonal: Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, La Palma (begins 22 December 2016),[44] Tenerife South 2
Qatar Airways Doha (begins 10 October 2016)[45][46] 2
Scandinavian Airlines1 Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 1
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by CityJet
Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 1
Severstal Air Company Cherepovets 2
SunExpress Seasonal: Izmir 2
TAP Portugal Lisbon 1
Thomson Airways Seasonal: Cancún (begins 18 December 2016),[47] Colombo (begins 23 December 2016),[48] Krabi (begins 13 December 2016),[49] Mauritius (begins 14 December 2016),[50] Phuket (begins 12 December 2016)[51] 2
TUIfly Seasonal: Gran Canaria 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 2
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil 2
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Yekaterinburg 2
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona 1
Notes

^1 Some flights operated by Danish Air Transport.

Charter[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Kos 1
Air Europa Seasonal:Barcelona[52] 2
Bulgaria Air Seasonal: Bourgas 2
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Varna 2
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum, Gazipasa 2
Enter Air Seasonal: Baghdad 2
Finnair Seasonal: Agadir, Baku, Goa, Havana, Karpathos, Murmansk, Puerto Plata 2
Freebird Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 2
Iberia Seasonal:Barcelona, Madrid[53] 2
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid[54] 2
Jet Time Seasonal:Antalya, Bodrum, Bourgas, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gazipaşa, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Kavala, Kos, Lanzarote, Mahon, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Split, Zakynthos 2
Nouvelair Tunisie Seasonal: Enfidha 2
Onur Air Seasonal: Antalya 2
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Kittilä, Salzburg, Turin 1
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Seasonal: Banjul, Chania, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Tenerife-South, Varna 2
TUIfly Nordic Seasonal: Alghero, Antalya, Boavista, Catania, Chania, Gran Canaria, Kos, Krabi, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca, Phuket, Rhodes, Sal, Samos, Split, Tenerife North, Tenerife South 2
TUIfly Nordic
operated by Thomson Airways
Seasonal: Cancún, Colombo, Krabi, Mauritius, Montego Bay, Phuket 2
Wamos Air Seasonal: Barcelona[55] 2

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Frankfurt, Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Airest Tallinn
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège, Turku, Örebro
DHL Aviation
operated by EAT Leipzig
Brussels, Leipzig/Halle, London-Luton
DHL Aviation
operated by IAG Cargo
London-Heathrow
FedEx Express Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Stockholm-Arlanda
Finnair Cargo[56] Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Brussels, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Delhi, Dubai-International, Edinburgh, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, London-Heathrow, Miami, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Phuket, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Xi'an
Nord-Flyg Mariehamn
Pskovavia Saint Petersburg
Turkish Airlines Cargo2 Belgrade, Istanbul-Atatürk, Stockholm-Arlanda, Vienna
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Malmö, Stockholm-Arlanda
Notes

^2 Some flights operated by MASkargo or ULS Airlines Cargo.

Statistics[edit]

Busiest routes[edit]

10 busiest European routes by weekly departures:

Rank City Airport(s) Weekly departures
(May 2014)
Airlines
1. Sweden Stockholm ARN, BMA
149
Cimber, Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines, Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines
2. Denmark Copenhagen CPH
81
Cimber, Finnair, Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines
3. United Kingdom London LHR, LGW
62
British Airways, Finnair, Norwegian
4. Latvia Riga RIX
50
Air Baltic, Nordic Regional Airlines
5. Norway Oslo OSL
48
Cimber, Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines, Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines
6. Germany Frankfurt FRA
42
Finnair, Lufthansa, Nordic Regional Airlines
7. Estonia Tallinn TLL
39
Nordic Regional Airlines
8. France Paris CDG, ORY
38
Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines, Norwegian
8. Germany Berlin TXL
38
Air Berlin, Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines
10. Germany Munich MUC
35
Finnair, Lufthansa, Nordic Regional Airlines
10. Netherlands Amsterdam AMS
35
Finnair, KLM

11 busiest intercontinental scheduled routes by weekly departures:

Rank City Airport(s) Weekly departures
(January 2016)
Airlines
1. Japan Tokyo Tokyo-Narita
14
Finnair, Japan Airlines
2. Thailand Bangkok Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
14
Finnair
3. United Arab Emirates Dubai Dubai-International
13
Finnair, Norwegian Air Shuttle
4. China Beijing Beijing-Capital
7
Finnair
5. Hong Kong Hong Kong Hong Kong
7
Finnair
6. United States New York City New York-JFK
7
Finnair
7. South Korea Seoul Seoul-Incheon
7
Finnair
8. China Shanghai Shanghai-Pudong
7
Finnair
9. India Delhi Delhi
5
Finnair
10. Japan Nagoya Nagoya-Centrair
5
Finnair
11. Japan Osaka Osaka-Kansai
5
Finnair

10 busiest domestic routes by weekly departures:

Rank City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(May 2014)
Airlines
1. Finland Oulu OUL
88
Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
2. Finland Kuopio KUO
47
Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines
3. Finland Vaasa VAA
39
Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines
4. Finland Rovaniemi RVN
32
Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
5. Finland Tampere TMP
31
Nordic Regional Airlines
5. Finland Turku TKU
31
Nordic Regional Airlines
7. Finland Joensuu JOE
30
Nordic Regional Airlines
8. Finland Kajaani KAJ
22
Nordic Regional Airlines
9. Finland Jyväskylä JYV
21
Nordic Regional Airlines
10. Finland Kemi KEM
20
Nordic Regional Airlines
A Scandinavian Airlines Bombardier CRJ-900 taxiing at Helsinki Airport.
An Air Berlin Airbus A321-200 taxiing at Helsinki Airport.
A Finnair Airbus A330-300 taking off from Helsinki Airport
A KLM Boeing 737-800 in the new livery at Helsinki Airport.
A Japan Airlines Boeing 787-8 aircraft taxiing at HEL.
An AirBridgeCargo Airlines Boeing 747-8F at Helsinki Airport.
A UPS Airlines Boeing 767-300F taxiing at Helsinki Airport.

Countries with most handled passengers to/from Helsinki Airport (2015)

Rank Country Passengers %-change
1.  Germany 1,686,062 1,6 Decrease
2.  Sweden 1,652,581 4,2 Increase
3.  Spain 1,070,001 9,4 Increase
4.  United Kingdom 1,016,095 2,0 Increase
5.  Denmark 780,090 1,9 Decrease
6.  France 562,913 0,1 Decrease
7. Japan Japan 556,830 4,2 Increase
8.  Italy 528,178 3,4 Increase
9.  Netherlands 508,219 1,1 Increase
10. China China 402,568 3,5 Decrease
11.  Norway 400,973 0,4 Increase
12.  Turkey 329,373 24,5 Increase
13.   Switzerland 322,144 15,0 Increase
14.  Russia 314,515 6,0 Increase
15. Thailand Thailand 288,533 10,1 Increase
16.  Latvia 269,413 0,6 Decrease
17.  Poland 238,394 15,1 Increase
18. United States United States 233,168 12,2 Increase
19.  Estonia 231,113 1,9 Increase
20.  Greece 221,851 372,5 Increase
21.  Czech Republic 218,768 4,3 Increase
22.  Hungary 218,147 2,2 Increase
23.  Belgium 184,939 0,1 Increase
24.  Hong Kong 176,171 6,6 Decrease
25.  South Korea 168,917 8,4 Increase
26.  Austria 163,114 2,4 Increase
27.  Singapore 140,745 6,4 Decrease
28.  Croatia 116,810 32,5 Increase
29.  Iceland 109,600 42,1 Increase
30.  Portugal 87,299 33,4 Increase
Source: "Traffic statistics – Scheduled traffic" (PDF). Finavia. 

Airline market share[edit]

Largest Airlines at HEL by seat capacity (Sep 2015 – Oct 2015)[57]
Rank Airline Share
1 Finnair1 67.1%
2 Norwegian Air Shuttle 12.5%
3 Scandinavian Airlines 5.4%
4 Lufthansa 3.4%
5 KLM 1.6%
6 Air Berlin 1.6%
7 Turkish Airlines 1.5%
8 airBaltic 1.3%
Other airlines 5.5%
Notes

Passengers[edit]

Annual passenger statistics for Helsinki Airport[58]
Year
Domestic
passengers
% change
International
passengers
% change
Total
passengers
% change
2016
(YTD)
1,547,174 4.6 Increase 8,373,068 4.9 Increase 9,920,242 4.9 Increase
2015 2,591,724 3.4 Increase 13,830,542 2.9 Increase 16,442,266 3.0 Increase
2014 2,507,193 3.1 Increase 13,441,567 4.6 Increase 15,948,760 4.4 Increase
2013 2,431,632 10.8 Decrease 12,847,411 5.6 Increase 15,279,043 2.8 Increase
2012 2,693,151 0.5 Decrease 12,165,064 0.0 Increase 14,858,215 0.1 Decrease
2011 2,707,044 22.6 Increase 12,158,827 14.6 Increase 14,865,871 15.5 Increase
2010 2,208,521 9.6 Decrease 10,674,878 4.3 Increase 12,883,399 2.2 Increase
2009 2,372,844 12.1 Decrease 10,218,762 4.9 Increase 12,591,606 6.3 Decrease
2008 2,700,350 6.1 Decrease 10,726,551 4.5 Increase 13,426,901 2.2 Increase
2007 2,875,289 1.8 Decrease 10,215,455 10.8 Increase 13,090,744 7.8 Increase
2006 2,927,627 4.4 Increase 9,220,154 10.7 Increase 12,147,781 9.1 Increase
2005 2,804,304 1.1 Decrease 8,326,285 5.5 Increase 11,130,589 3.7 Increase
2004 2,836,852 Steady 7,893,125 Steady 10,729,977 10.5 Increase
2003 2,684,618 Steady 7,026,302 Steady 9,710,920 1.1 Increase
2002 2,747,862 Steady 6,862,025 Steady 9,609,887 4.2 Decrease
2001 2,999,672 Steady 7,031,246 Steady 10,030,918 0.2 Increase
2000 3,042,914 Steady 6,967,234 Steady 10,010,148 4.7 Increase
1999 2,803,907 Steady 6,760,931 Steady 9,564,028 2.2 Increase

Freight and Mail[edit]

Loaded/Unloaded freight and mail (tons, kg) Helsinki Airport[59]
Year Domestic freight Domestic mail International freight International mail Total freight and mail Change
2005 4,692 5,251 115,734 9,627 135,303 +1.9% Increase
2006 4,145 5,469 126,332 9,098 145,044 +7.2% Increase
2007 3,171 5,676 139,840 14,961 154,801 +6.7% Increase
2008 2,968 4,435 140,572 9,532 157,508 +1.8% Increase
2009 1,322 2,161 110,382 8,243 122,107 −22.5% Decrease
2010 1,083 1,992 147,139 7,793 158,007 +29.4% Increase
2011 615 2,464 157,178 9,962 169,985 +8.0% Increase
2012 1,747 1,930 180,426 8,100 192,204 +12.8% Increase
2013 1,260 1,857 179,615 7,713 190,175 -1.0% Decrease
2014 987 1,558 175,341 10,986 188,872 -0.7% Decrease
2015 598 1,378 150,366 9,185 161,572 -14.7% Decrease

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Helsinki Airport rail services
Airport
Aviapolis
Kivistö
Leinelä
Vehkala
Vantaankoski
Tampere, Lahti
Martinlaakso
Hiekkaharju
Louhela
Tikkurila
Myyrmäki
Puistola
Malminkartano
Tapanila
Kannelmäki
Malmi
Pohjois-Haaga
Pukinmäki
Turku
Oulunkylä
Huopalahti
Käpylä
Ilmala
Pasila
Helsinki Central
Helsinki Airport Railway Station on July 10, 2015
Terminal 2 Taxi stand at Helsinki Airport

The Ring Rail Line railway link to the airport opened for traffic in July 2015.[60] The new railway serves local commuter trains running at 10-minute intervals at peak periods, although capacity problems have prevented dedicated airport express style trains[citation needed]. The westbound commuter line "I" runs to Helsinki Central station via Huopalahti, while the eastbound commuter line "P" runs to Helsinki Central station via Tikkurila. The trip from the airport underground station to Helsinki Central station takes about 30 minutes and costs 5,50 euros. Eastbound trains stop at Tikkurila (8 minutes away) where passengers can transfer to trains going away from Helsinki, in the directions of Tampere and Lahti, including lines to Saint Petersburg and Moscow.[61]

Taxi[edit]

The cost to go from the airport to Helsinki City Centre is approximatelly 40-45€ and it takes 20-30 minutes to reach the destination. The taxi ranks are outside Terminal 1 and Terminal 2 and accept to pay with cash and common credit cards.[62]

Bus[edit]

There is regular bus service provided by the bus line 615 from the airport to the Helsinki Central railway station in 30–55 minutes, and major hotels and railway stations in the Greater Helsinki Area in 15–120 minutes[citation needed]. The chief operator of these services is the Helsinki Regional Transport Authority. A direct coach service by Finnair is also available to and from the city center (usually about 30 min).

Coach connections, daytime and overnight, to all parts of Finland are provided by Matkahuolto and ExpressBus. They depart from the airport coach terminal.

Means of transport at Helsinki Airport
Means of transport Operator Route Destinations Website Notes
Bus Bus Helsinki Regional Transport Authority 615 Helsinki Central railway station (Finnish: Rautatientori) www.hsl.fi
Pohjolan Liikenne Finnair City Bus Helsinki Central railway station www.pohjolanliikenne.fi
Matkahuolto -- Hämeenlinna, Imatra, Joensuu, Jyväskylä, Kajaani, Kotka, Kouvola, Kuopio, Lahti, Lappeenranta, Lohja, Mikkeli, Oulu, Porvoo, Salo, Tampere, Turku, Vaasa www.matkahuolto.fi
Train Train VR P Helsinki Central railway station (via Tikkurila railway station) www.vr.fi
VR I Helsinki Central railway station (via Huopalahti railway station) www.vr.fi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cityjet.com/news/cityjet-to-fly-new-aircraft-for-sas.shtml
  2. ^ a b "EFHK Helsinki-Vantaa" (PDF). AIP Suomi / Finland. Finavia. 23 July 2015. pp. EFHK AD 2.1, pp. 1–7. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Finavia's Air Traffic Statistics 2010" (PDF). Vantaa: Finavia. pp. 7, 9. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "Helsinki Airport". Finavia. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "EFHK Helsinki-Vantaa" (PDF). AIP Suomi / Finland. Finavia. 5 February 2015. pp. EFHK AD 2.1, p. 1. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 
  6. ^ http://www.finavia.fi/en/airlines/Helsinki-Airport-2/
  7. ^ https://www.finavia.fi/en/helsinki-airport/in-brief/
  8. ^ https://www.finavia.fi/en/helsinki-airport/in-brief/
  9. ^ http://www.finavia.fi/en/news-room/news/2015/recordbreaking-year-2016-at-helsinki-airport-the-most-extensive-route-selection-ever/
  10. ^ "(HEL) Helsinki-Vantaa Airport". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  11. ^ Raeste, Juha-Pekka: Lentoasemat pulassa. Helsingin Sanomat 8 June 2014, pp. B8-B9,
  12. ^ "Helsinki Airport". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  13. ^ Arvovaltainen aloite: Helsinki-Vantaan lentokentästä Sibelius-lentokenttä, Helsingin Sanomat online edition, 4 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Helsinki-Vantaan lentoaseman nimeen halutaan Jean Sibelius". mtv.fi. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  15. ^ http://www.finavia.fi/en/helsinki-airport/in-brief/history/
  16. ^ http://www.taloussanomat.fi/liikenne/2010/06/28/norwegian-alkaa-lentaa-yhdysvaltoihin-ja-aasiaan/20108994/12
  17. ^ http://www.anna.aero/2011/03/23/easyjet-finishes-with-finland/
  18. ^ https://www.aa.com/intl/fi/newsAndPr/pr_newFlight.jsp;jsessionid=D965C80B989EBDF12AD9ACF96617CD2C?v_locale=en_US&v_mobileUAFlag=AA&v_locale=en_US&v_mobileUAFlag=AA&v_locale=en_US&v_mobileUAFlag=AA
  19. ^ businesswire.com - SAS Enters into Agreements with Cityjet for Wet Lease and Sale of Blue1 1 October 2015
  20. ^ http://www.helsinki-vantaa.fi/enemman-tietoa/helsinki-vantaa-lyhyesti/kehityshankkeet/terminaalilaajennus
  21. ^ https://www.finavia.fi/en/helsinki-airport/terminals/
  22. ^ a b "Helsinki airport introduces world's first passenger tracking system". The Sydney Morning Herald. 30 July 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  23. ^ http://www.finavia.fi/en/development-at-airports/article/2015/icelandair-will-move-to-terminal-2-as-of-13-april-2015/
  24. ^ https://www.finavia.fi/en/helsinki-airport/services/
  25. ^ http://www.chinaaviationdaily.com/news/52/52089.html
  26. ^ http://lentoposti.fi/uutiset/helsinki_vantaalle_avautui_uusi_bussiporttiterminaali_kuljetusten_tarve_kasvaa_laajennustoiden_ajaksi
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  29. ^ http://www.finavia.fi/en/development-at-airports/helsinki-airport-development-programme/timeline/
  30. ^ Finavia is starting a major development programme at Helsinki Airport 16 October 2013
  31. ^ Helsinki Airport determined to remain an attractive international hub: services will expand under one roof 18 September 2014
  32. ^ http://lentoposti.fi/uutiset/thyssenkrupp_toimittaa_helsinki_vantaan_uudet_matkustajasillat
  33. ^ https://www.finavia.fi/en/development-at-airports/helsinki-airport-development-programme/
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  36. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/268481/finnair-plans-new-european-routes-in-s17/
  37. ^ http://www.4-traders.com/FINNAIR-OYJ-1412456/news/Summer-2017-Finnair-announces-new-routes-to-Reykjavik-Corfu-Menorca-and-Ibiza-increases-capacity-22918873/
  38. ^ https://www.finnair.com/gb/gb/destinations/europe/spain/menorca
  39. ^ http://www.4-traders.com/FINNAIR-OYJ-1412456/news/Summer-2017-Finnair-announces-new-routes-to-Reykjavik-Corfu-Menorca-and-Ibiza-increases-capacity-22918873/
  40. ^ http://www.lentoposti.fi/uutiset/finnair_avaa_yhteyden_reykjavikiin_kesalla_2017_muita_uusia_kohteita_ovat_korfu_menorca_ja_ibiza
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  46. ^ http://www.qatarairways.com/uk/en/press-release.page?pr_id=pressrelease_itbpressconf
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  56. ^ [2]
  57. ^ http://centreforaviation.com/analysis/finnairs-a350-delivery-brings-more-growth-to-helsinki-vantaa-airport-now-to-attract-other-airlines-247081
  58. ^ "Traffic statistics – Passenger traffic" (PDF). Finavia. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  59. ^ "Traffic statistics – Freight traffic" (PDF). Finavia. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 
  60. ^ http://www.metro.fi/uutiset/a1387812312447
  61. ^ "Ring Rail Line". Finnish Transport Agency. 14 July 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 
  62. ^ http://www.helsinki-airport.com/transport.php

External links[edit]

Media related to Helsinki-Vantaa Airport at Wikimedia Commons