|IATA: HEL – ICAO: EFHK|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||55 m / 179 ft|
Helsinki Airport or Helsinki-Vantaa Airport (IATA: HEL, ICAO: EFHK; Finnish: Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema, Swedish: Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats) is the main international airport of the Helsinki metropolitan region and the whole of Finland with about 16 million passengers annually. It serves as the hub for Finnair, the Finnish flag carrier, as well as a base for Blue1, Norwegian Air Shuttle and Nordic Regional Airlines. The airport is located in the city of Vantaa, about 5 kilometres (3 mi) west of Tikkurila, the centre of Vantaa and 9.2 NM (17.0 km; 10.6 mi) north of Helsinki city center. Helsinki Airport is the leading long-haul airport in Northern Europe and a popular transfer point.
- 1 Overview
- 2 Facilities
- 3 Development
- 4 Airlines and destinations
- 5 Statistics
- 6 Ground transportation
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Originally built for the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, the airport nowadays is the fourth busiest airport in the Nordic countries, with 15,948,760 passengers having used the airport in 2014. This number makes up for 81% of the total number of passengers in Finland's 21 commercial airports combined (18,880,940). making it the busiest airport in Finland by far. It provides jobs for 20,000 people and there are 1,500 companies that operate at this airport. The airport is operated by Finavia, the state-owned enterprise that operates Finland's airports.
As of February 2015, there has been a proposal to rename the airport as "Sibelius Airport" after Jean Sibelius, Finland's most famous composer. The proposal stems from the project group of Jean Sibelius's anniversary year 2015, the foundation for the Sibelius birth city foundation and the Sibelius society. The Finnish government ministers Alexander Stubb, Antti Rinne and Paula Risikko have expressed positive feedback for the proposal.
The airport is nominally divided into two terminals, located 250 metres (820 ft) apart and linked by an internal pedestrian connection both airside and landside. In practice, however, the airside parts of the terminal buildings are not divided into Terminal 1 (the former domestic terminal) and Terminal 2 (the former international terminal) but to Schengen and non-Schengen areas. The non-Schengen area of Terminal 2 has been enlarged in 2009 enabling the airport to accommodate eight wide-body aircraft at gates simultaneously. The terminal capacity of the airport is approximately 16–17 million passengers per year.
The airport's three runways provide a platform for future growth while the airport can accommodate wide-body aircraft such as the Airbus A340. The use of three runways allows for efficient clearing away of snow and ice during the winter months to keep the airport open.
There are several airport hotels and office buildings on the grounds of the airport. The Aviapolis is a new international business park adjacent to the Helsinki airport area, already hosting the operations of numerous companies around the airport. Several hotels are located near the airport as well.
In 2013 Finavia announced plans to expand the airport to serve up to 20 million passenger by 2020. The construction is set to begin in 2014 by adding capacity to check-in and transit areas at Terminal 2. The expansion project is estimated to cost 900 million euros. Part of the plan was to build a satellite terminal next to Terminal 2 but the plan was cancelled in favor of expansion under a single terminal building. In September 2014 Finavia revealed more detailed plans for the future expansion that will take place between 2014 and 2020. The Terminals 1 and 2 will be combined and expanded under one roof with new gates (8 additional jet bridges to Terminal 2) and aircraft stands on the apron. The construction of southern wing of Terminal 2 will start in spring 2016.
Airlines and destinations
Terminal 1 is used by member airlines of Star Alliance (such as Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines and Swiss International Air Lines) and terminal 2 is used by member airlines of Oneworld ja Skyteam airline alliances (such as British Airways, Finnair and KLM).
10 busiest international routes
10 busiest domestic routes
|Year||Domestic passengers||International passengers||Total passengers||Change|
|2014||2 507 193||13 441 567||15,948,760||+4.4%|
Freight and Mail
|Year||Domestic freight||Domestic mail||International freight||International mail||Total freight and mail||Change|
The Ring Rail Line railway link to the airport opened for traffic in July 2015. The new railway serves local commuter trains running at 10-minute intervals at peak periods, although capacity problems have prevented dedicated airport express style trains. The westbound commuter line "I" runs to Helsinki Central station via Huopalahti/Hoplax, while the eastbound commuter line "P" runs to Helsinki Central station via Tikkurila/Dickursby. The trip from the underground station (near the current airport terminal building) to Helsinki Central station takes about 30 minutes and costs 5 euros. Eastbound trains stop at Tikkurila (8 minutes away) where passengers can transfer to trains going away from Helsinki, in the directions of Tampere and Lahti, including lines to Saint Petersburg and Moscow. Until sometime in Fall of 2015, there is no direct connection between the new airport station and the terminal building – a shuttle bus will transport passengers the 350m between the station and terminal building, with a walkway planned to open some time later.
There is regular bus service provided by the bus line 615 from the airport to the Helsinki Central railway station in 30–55 minutes, and major hotels and railway stations in the Greater Helsinki Area in 15–120 minutes. The chief operator of these services is the Helsinki Regional Transport Authority. A direct coach service by Finnair is also available to and from the city center (usually about 30 min).
|Means of transport||Operator||Route||Destinations||Website||Notes|
|Bus||Helsinki Regional Transport Authority||615||Helsinki Central railway station (Finnish: Rautatientori)||www.hsl.fi|
|Pohjolan Liikenne||Finnair City Bus||Helsinki Central railway station||www.pohjolanliikenne.fi|
|Matkahuolto||--||Hämeenlinna, Imatra, Joensuu, Jyväskylä, Kotka, Kouvola, Kuopio, Lahti, Lappeenranta, Lohja, Mikkeli, Oulu, Porvoo, Salo, Tampere, Turku, Vaasa||www.matkahuolto.fi|
|Train||VR||P||Helsinki Central railway station (via Tikkurila railway station)||www.vr.fi|
|VR||I||Helsinki Central railway station (via Huopalahti railway station)||www.vr.fi|
- "EFHK Helsinki-Vantaa" (PDF). AIP Suomi / Finland. Finavia. 23 July 2015. pp. EFHK AD 2.1, pp. 1–7. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- "Finavia's Air Traffic Statistics 2010" (PDF). Vantaa: Finavia. pp. 7, 9. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- "Helsinki Airport". Finavia. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- "EFHK Helsinki-Vantaa" (PDF). AIP Suomi / Finland. Finavia. 5 February 2015. pp. EFHK AD 2.1, p. 1. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
- "(HEL) Helsinki-Vantaa Airport". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- Raeste, Juha-Pekka: Lentoasemat pulassa. Helsingin Sanomat 8 June 2014, pp. B8-B9,
- "Helsinki Airport". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- Arvovaltainen aloite: Helsinki-Vantaan lentokentästä Sibelius-lentokenttä, Helsingin Sanomat online edition, 4 February 2015.
- "Helsinki-Vantaan lentoaseman nimeen halutaan Jean Sibelius". mtv.fi. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Helsinki airport introduces world's first passenger tracking system". The Sydney Morning Herald. 30 July 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- "How Helsinki airport deals with snow and ice". BBC News. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
- Finavia is starting a major development programme at Helsinki Airport 16 October 2013
- Helsinki Airport determined to remain an attractive international hub: services will expand under one roof 18 September 2014
- "Ring Rail Line". Finnish Transport Agency. 14 July 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
- Media related to Helsinki-Vantaa Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- AIP Finland – Helsinki-Vantaa Airport
- Accident history for HEL at Aviation Safety Network