Helsinki Old Church
|Architect(s)||Carl Ludvig Engel|
The Old Church of Helsinki (Finnish: Helsingin vanha kirkko, Swedish: Gamla kyrkan i Helsingfors), designed by Carl Ludvig Engel and completed in 1826, is an Evangelical Lutheran church in Helsinki. The oldest existing church in central Helsinki, the church was originally planned as a temporary building as the Ulrika Eleonora Church constructed in 1727 had become too small for the congregation and the new church, Helsinki Cathedral, would not be completed until 1852. However, the city's rapid population growth from the early 19th century onwards ensured that the church would remain needed, and also necessitated the construction of many other churches.
The neoclassical wooden church was built under Engel's supervision between 1824 and 1826 and consecrated on 17 December 1826 by dean Johan Borgström. When the Ulrika Eleonora Church was demolished, the recovered building materials and part of the movables were auctioned but some of the furnishings including the pulpit, benches and chandeliers as well as the organ were relocated to the newly built church. These furnishings were however replaced over the years with the exception of the pulpit. A new 36 stop organ built by Per Larsson Åkermann was installed in 1869.
The park is sometimes colloquially called Plague Park (Finnish: Ruttopuisto) as over a thousand victims of the 1710 plague are buried next to the park. The park itself was a cemetery from the 1780s until shortly after the church's construction. Its use as a graveyard was discontinued when the Hietaniemi Cemetery was consecrated in 1829, although some victims of the Finnish Civil War and fallen Finnish volunteers of the Estonian War of Independence were buried there in 1918 and 1919, respectively. Some 40 gravestones and memorials, as well as the Sederholm tomb remain of the cemetery.
- "Vanha kirkko rakennettiin korvaamaan Ulrika Eleonoran kirkon (sic)". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). 2008-05-11. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "Helsingin tuomiokirkkoseurakunta: Historiaa". Helsinki Cathedral Parish website (in Finnish). Helsinki Cathedral Parish. Retrieved 2011-08-29.
- "Vanha kirkko" (in Finnish). Parish Union of Helsinki. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "Vanha kirkkopuisto" (in Finnish). City of Helsinki Public Works Department. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "Vanha kirkkopuisto on luille rakennettu". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). 2008-05-11. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
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