The tower of the Olympic Stadium
Olympiastadion ( Finnish: ; Helsingin Olympiastadion Swedish: ), located in the Helsingfors Olympiastadion Töölö district about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the centre of the Finnish capital Helsinki, is the largest stadium in the country, nowadays mainly used for hosting sports events and big concerts. The stadium is best known for being the centre of activities in the 1952 Summer Olympics. During those games, it hosted athletics, equestrian show jumping, and the football finals.
The stadium was also the venue for the first
World Athletics Championships in 1983 as well as for the 2005 World Championships in Athletics. It hosted the European Athletics Championships in 1971, 1994 and 2012.
It is also the home stadium of the
Finland national football team.
History [ edit ]
The Olympic Stadium was designed in functionalistic style by the architects
Yrjö Lindegren and Toivo Jäntti. Construction of the Olympic Stadium began in 1934 and it was completed in 1938, with the intent to host the 1940 Summer Olympics, which were moved from Tokyo to Helsinki before being cancelled due to World War II. It hosted the 1952 Summer Olympics over a decade later instead. The stadium was also to be the main venue for the cancelled 1943 Workers' Summer Olympiad.
It was the venue for the first ever
Bandy World Championship in 1957.
The stadium was completely modernized in 1990–1994 and also renovated just before the 2005 World Championships in Athletics.
In 2006 an American TV series,
, had one of its episodes ending at The Olympic Stadium Tower. As a task, teams had to do a face-first rappel (known as the Angel Dive) down the Helsinki Olympic Tower. The Amazing Race 10
Since March 2007, a
Eurasian eagle-owl has been spotted living in and around the stadium. On June 6, 2007, during a Euro 2008 qualifying match, the owl delayed play by ten minutes after perching on a goalpost. The owl was later christened Bubi and was named as Helsinki's Resident of the Year.
The 50th anniversary of the Helsinki Olympic Games hosted in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium was the main motif for one of the first Finnish euro silver commemorative coins, the
50th anniversary of the Helsinki Olympic Games commemorative coin, minted in 2002. On the reverse, a view of the Helsinki Olympic Stadium can be seen. On the right, the 500 markka commemorative coin minted in 1952 celebrating the occasion is depicted.
Features [ edit ]
The stadium's spectator capacity was at its maximum during the 1952 Summer Olympics with over 70,000 spectator places. Nowadays the stadium has 40,600 spectator places. During concerts, depending on the size of the stage, the capacity is 45,000–50,000.
The tower of the stadium, a distinct landmark with a height of 72.71 metres (238.5 ft), taken from gold-medal winning result of
Matti Järvinen in javelin throw of 1932 Summer Olympics, is open for visitors and offers impressive views over Helsinki. It is possible to see into the adjacent Sonera Stadium.
Youth Hostel is located within the Stadium complex.
The stadium will undertake major renovation starting in 2016. The stadium will be closed during the construction and will reopen in 2019. During renovation all the spectator stands will be covered with canopies and the field area and the tracks will be renewed. It will also offer extended restaurant areas and more indoor sport venues.
Projected costs for the renovation is 209 million euros and it will be funded by Finnish state and the city of Helsinki.
Sport events [ edit ]
Concerts [ edit ]
Michael Jackson performed at the stadium during his HIStory World Tour two times; 24 and 26 August 1997.
U2 performed two nights at the stadium during their U2 360° Tour on 20 and 21 August 2010.
Madonna performed at the stadium during her MDNA Tour on 12 August 2012.
Muse performed at the stadium during their The 2nd Law World Tour on 27 July 2013.
Bruce Springsteen has performed at the stadium four times; 16 and 17 June in 2003 during his The Rising Tour, 11 July 2008 during his Magic Tour and 31 July 2012 during his Wrecking Ball Tour.
Bon Jovi have played the stadium as part of their These Days Tour in 1996, Lost Highway Tour in 2008, and in 2010 during The Circle Tour.
Iron Maiden has performed at the stadium three times; 18 July in 2008 during Somewhere Back in Time World Tour, 8 July 2011 during The Final Frontier World Tour and 20 July 2013 during Maiden England World Tour.
One Direction performed at the stadium for the first time on 27 June 2015 during their fourth tour On the Road Again Tour.
References [ edit ]
Media related to Helsingin olympiastadion at Wikimedia Commons
1896: Marathon (city), Panathenaic Stadium
1900: Croix-Catelan Stadium
1904: Francis Field
1908: White City Stadium
1912: Stockholm Olympic Stadium
1920: Olympisch Stadion
1924: Stade de Colombes
1928: Olympic Stadium
1932: Olympic Stadium, Riverside Drive at Griffith Park
1936: Avus Motor Road, Olympic Stadium
1948: Empire Stadium
1952: Olympic Stadium
1956: Melbourne Cricket Ground
1960: Arch of Constantine, Raccordo Anulare, Stadio Olimpico, Via Appia Antica, Via Cristoforo Colombo
1964: Fuchu City, Karasuyama-machi, National Stadium, Sasazuka-machi, Shinjuku
1968: Estadio Olímpico Universitario, Zócalo
1976: Montreal Botanical Garden, Olympic Stadium, Streets of Montreal
1980: Grand Arena, Streets of Moscow
1984: Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Santa Monica College, Streets of Los Angeles, Streets of Santa Monica
1988: Olympic Stadium, Streets of Seoul
1992: Estadi Olímpic de Monjuïc, Marathon course, Mataró, Walking course
1996: Marathon course, Olympic Stadium, Walking course
2000: Marathon course, North Sydney, Olympic Stadium
2004: Marathon (city), Olympic Stadium, Panathenaic Stadium, Stadium at Olympia
2008: Beijing National Stadium, Olympic Green Promenade Walking course, Streets of Beijing Marathon course
2012: Marathon Course, Olympic Stadium
2016: Flamengo Park, Estádio Olímpico João Havelange, Sambódromo
1900: 7th arrondissement of Paris
1912: Fältrittklubben, Liljeholmen, Lindarängen, Östermalm Athletic Grounds, Stockholm Olympic Stadium
1920: Olympisch Stadion
1924: Hippodrome d'Auteuil, Stade de Colombes
1928: Hilversum, Olympic Stadium
1932: Olympic Stadium, Riviera Country Club, Westchester
1936: Döberitz, Mayfield, Olympic Stadium
1948: Aldershot, Empire Stadium, Tweseldown Racecourse
1952: Laakso, Olympic Stadium, Ruskeasuo Equestrian Hall, Tali Race Track
1956: Lill-Jansskogen, Olympic Stadium, Ulriksdal
1960: Piazza di Siena, Pratoni del Vivaro
1964: Karuizawa, National Stadium
1968: Avándaro Golf Club, Campo Marte, Estadio Olímpico Universitario
1972: Dressage Facility Nymphenburg, Olympiastadion, Riding Facility, Riem
1976: Olympic Equestrian Centre, Bromont, Olympic Stadium
1980: Grand Arena, Trade Unions' Equestrian Complex
1984: Fairbanks Ranch Country Club, Santa Anita Park
1988: Olympic Stadium, Seoul Equestrian Park
1992: Club Hípic El Montayá, Real Club de Polo de Barcelona
1996: Georgia International Horse Park
2000: Sydney International Equestrian Centre
2004: Markopoulo Olympic Equestrian Centre
2008: Hong Kong Equestrian Venues
2012: Greenwich Park
2016: National Equestrian Center
Vélodrome de Vincennes
White City Stadium
Råsunda IP, Stockholm Olympic Stadium (final), Tranebergs Idrottsplats
Jules Ottenstadion, Olympisch Stadion (final), Stade Joseph Marien, Stadion Broodstraat
Stade Bergeyre, Stade de Colombes (final), Stade de Paris, Stade Pershing
Monnikenhuize, Olympic Stadium (final), Sparta Stadion Het Kasteel
Hertha-BSC Field, Mommsenstadion, Olympiastadion (final), Poststadion
Arsenal Stadium, Champion Hill, Craven Cottage, Cricklefield Stadium, Empire Stadium (medal matches), Green Pond Road, Griffin Park, Selhurst Park, White Hart Lane
Helsinki Football Grounds, Kotka, Lahti, Olympic Stadium (final), Tampere, Turku
Melbourne Cricket Ground (final), Olympic Park Stadium
Florence Communal Stadium, Grosseto Communal Stadium, L'Aquila Communal Stadium, Livorno Ardenza Stadium, Naples Saint Paul's Stadium, Pescara Adriatic Stadium, Stadio Flaminio (final)
Komazawa Olympic Park Stadium, Mitsuzawa Football Field, Nagai Stadium, Tokyo National Stadium (final), Nishikyogoku Athletic Stadium, Ōmiya Football Field, Prince Chichibu Memorial Football Field
Estadio Azteca (final), Estadio Cuauhtémoc, Estadio Nou Camp, Jalisco Stadium
Drei Flüsse Stadion, ESV-Stadion, Jahnstadion, Olympiastadion (final), Rosenaustadion, Urban Stadium
Lansdowne Park, Olympic Stadium (final), Sherbrooke Stadium, Varsity Stadium
Dinamo Stadium, Dynamo Central Stadium, Grand Arena, Grand Arena (final), Kirov Stadium, Republican Stadium
Harvard Stadium, Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium, Rose Bowl (final), Stanford Stadium
Busan Stadium, Daegu Stadium, Daejeon Stadium, Dongdaemun Stadium, Olympic Stadium (final)
Estadi de la Nova Creu Alta, Camp Nou (final), Estadio Luís Casanova, La Romareda, Estadi de Sarrià
Florida Citrus Bowl, Legion Field, Orange Bowl, RFK Memorial Stadium, Sanford Stadium (both finals)
Stadium Australia, Brisbane Cricket Ground, Bruce Stadium, Hindmarsh Stadium, Melbourne Cricket Ground, Olympic Stadium (men's final), Sydney Football Stadium (women's final)
Kaftanzoglio Stadium, Karaiskakis Stadium (women's final), Olympic Stadium (men's final), Pampeloponnisiako Stadium, Pankritio Stadium, Panthessaliko Stadium
Beijing National Stadium (men's final), Qinhuangdao Olympic Sports Center Stadium, Shanghai Stadium, Shenyang Olympic Sports Center Stadium, Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium, Workers Stadium (women's final)
City of Coventry Stadium, Hampden Park, Millennium Stadium, St James' Park, Old Trafford, Wembley Stadium (both finals)
Estádio Nacional de Brasília, Arena Fonte Nova, Mineirão, Arena Corinthians, Arena da Amazônia, Estádio Olímpico João Havelange, Maracanã (both finals)