Helvetia in 1909, facing east.
|Elevation||4,324 ft (1,318 m)|
|Time zone||MST (no DST) (UTC-7)|
|Post Office opened||December 12, 1899|
|Post Office closed||December 31, 1921|
Helvetia was founded in 1891 for the settlement of workers from the surrounding copper mines. At its peak the city had 300 inhabitants, of which most were Mexicans. In 1911, the mines closed, due to low commodity prices. The post office, which had opened on December 12, 1899, closed on December 31, 1921, marking the end of the town.
There is not much left of Helvetia to see, simply a pair of foundation walls rising above a floor, the ruins of the smelter, and the cemetery. In the vicinity there are slag heaps and shafts from the mines. Although the town is gone, there are several homes in the immediate area that are still in use, including the Helvetia Ranch.
The Rosemont project
The Rosemont project is a large porphyry copper deposit nearby, which may be developed into a mine as early as 2013. There is an extensive area of porphyry copper mineralization between Helvetia and the ghost town of Rosemont. Four centers of potentially economic copper mineralization are known. The best-delineated deposit is the Rosemont, which has a geological ore reserve of around 550 million tons at about 0.45% copper, with significant molybdenum and silver credits.
In 2010, Rosemont was owned by Augusta Resources. Augusta hoped to put the Rosemont into production as early as 2011. The Rosemont Copper plan was to create a 21st-century mine in Southern Arizona. Rosemont’s plan set new higher standards for environmental protection by using new technologies for water conservation and tailings storage. In addition Rosemont Copper was expected to produce more than 2,900 jobs annually for the state of Arizona and more than $19 billion in economic activity.
Rosemont Copper's plan was being reviewed by numerous local, state, and federal authorities and would only be issued permits to operate once all environmental protections were in place.
There is significant local opposition to the construction of the mine, including concerns about the loss of the multiple historic and pre-historic sites that are in the area, cultural resources, and natural habitation.
The fenced-in ruins of an adobe hotel in Helvetia.
USGS map of southeastern Arizona including Helvetia, c.1910.
- List of ghost towns in Arizona
- Santa Rita Experimental Range and Wildlife Area
- Larcena Pennington Page
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Helvetia
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 154.
- Sherman, James E.; Barbara H. Sherman (1969). "Helvetia". Ghost Towns of Arizona (First ed.). University of Oklahoma Press. p. 78. ISBN 0-8061-0843-6.
- Helvetia Area Porphyry Systems by Sal Anzalone, Arizona Geological Society Digest 20, 1995
- Augusta Resources, Rosemont Project
- "Rosemont mine faces mounting opposition", Green Valley News, June 12, 2009
- "Rosemont mine benefits are small, short-term, negatives lasting, costly" op-ed, Arizona Daily Star, March 9, 2010
Media related to Helvetia, Arizona at Wikimedia Commons
- Photos and information at ghosttowns.com
- Helvetia mining district
- Rosemont Copper Co.
- Helvetia graveyard photo
- Helvetia history and photos
- "A Clash Over Mining and Water", NY Times article on Rosemont Copper and its opposition, published March 21, 2012.