A hem in knitting is the edge of a piece of knitted fabric that is parallel to the rows of stitches, as compared to a selvage, which is perpendicular to the hem and rows of stitches. Hems can be made in several ways.
Another approach amounts to a tuck: the fabric is folded over and the stitches are knit together pairwise with the stitches of a previous row. In this approach, the fabric is doubled along the hemline.
- June Hemmons Hiatt (1988) The Principles of Knitting, Simon & Schuster, pp. 201–210. ISBN 0-671-55233-3
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