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Temporal range: Late Miocene–Recent
Mystu plani 080519 9414 ckoep.jpg
Hemibagrus planiceps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Siluriformes
Family: Bagridae
Genus: Hemibagrus
Bleeker, 1862
Type species
Bagrus nemurus
Valenciennes, 1840
  • see text below
  • Macropterobagrus
    Nichols, 1925
  • Brachymystus
    Fowler, 1937

Hemibagrus is a genus of catfishes (order Siluriformes) of the family Bagridae.

The genus Hemibagrus is known from Southeast Asia, India, and southern China.[1] Members of this genus are found ubiquitously in river drainages east of the Ganges-Brahmaputra basin and south of the Yangtze basin, and reach their greatest diversity in Sundaland.[2]

This genus consists of large-sized catfishes.[2] H. wyckioides is the largest Bagrid catfish in central Indochina and may reach 80 kilograms.[3] It includes species with depressed (flattened) heads, rugose (ridged or wrinkled) head shields not covered by skin, and moderately long adipose fins.[2]

In Southeast Asia, Hemibagrus species are an important source of animal protein.[3]

The extinct species, H. major,[4][5] is a fossil species from a Miocene lake fauna from what is now Ban Nong Pia, Phetchabun Province of Thailand.


There are currently 41 recognized species in this genus:[6][7]


  1. ^ Ng, Peter K. L.; Ng, H. H. (1995). "Hemibagrus gracilis, a New Species of Large Riverine Catfish (Teleostei: Bagridae) from Peninsular Malaysia" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 43 (1): 133–142. 
  2. ^ a b c Ng, Heok Hee; Dodson, Julian J. (1999). "Morphological and Genetic Descriptions of a New Species of Catfish, Hemibagrus chrysops, from Sarawak, East Malaysia, with an Assessment of Phylogenetic Relationships (Teleostei: Bagridae" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 47 (1): 45–57. 
  3. ^ a b Ng, Heok Hee; Rainboth, Walter J. (1999). "The Bagrid Catfish Genus Hemibagrus (Teleostei: Siluriformes) in Central Indochina with a New Species from the Mekong River" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 47 (2): 555–576. 
  4. ^ Roberts, Tyler R.; Jumnongthai, Junya (1999). "Miocene fishes from Lake Phetchabun in north-central Thailand, with descriptions of new taxa of Cyprinidae, Pangasiidae, and Chandidae" (PDF). Natural History Bulletin Siam. 47: 153–189. 
  5. ^ Ferraris, Carl J., Jr. (2007). "Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1418: 1–628. 
  6. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Hemibagrus in FishBase. February 2013 version.
  7. ^ a b c d Ng, H.H. & Kottelat, M. (2013): Revision of the Asian catfish genus Hemibagrus Bleeker, 1862 (Teleostei: Siluriformes: Bagridae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 61 (1): 205-291.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Hemibagrus at Wikimedia Commons